tre

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See also: tré, trè, trẻ, trę, tré-, and tře

Albanian[edit]

Albanian cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tre
    Ordinal : tretë

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *treje, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Cognate to Latin trēs (three) and Sanskrit त्रि (tri, three).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tre

  1. three

Related terms[edit]


Breton[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tre

  1. very
    Mat-tre!
    Very good!

Danish[edit]

Danish cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tre
    Ordinal : tredje

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þrír, from Proto-Norse ᚦᚱᛁᛃᛟᛉ f pl (þrijoz), from Proto-Germanic *þrīz, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes (three)

The modern Danish form is a merger of the original East Old Norse accusative masculine þrēa (West þrjá) and the nominative/accusative feminine þrēaʀ (West þrjár).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tre

  1. three

Further reading[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French très.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tre/
  • Hyphenation: tre
  • Audio:
    (file)

Adverb[edit]

tre

  1. very

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Esperanto treFrench très.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tre

  1. very

Italian[edit]

Italian cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tre
    Ordinal : terzo
    Multiplier : triplo
    Fractional : terzo

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tre (invariable)

  1. three

Noun[edit]

tre m (invariable)

  1. three

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Playing cards in Italian · carte da gioco (layout · text)
40 Asso di picche.jpg 41 Due di picche.jpg 42 Tre di picche.jpg 43 Quattro di picche.jpg 44 Cinque di picche.jpg 45 Sei di picche.jpg 46 Sette di picche.jpg
asso due tre quattro cinque sei sette
47 Otto di picche.jpg 48 Nove di picche.jpg 49 Dieci di picche.jpg 50 J di picche.jpg 51 Q di picche.jpg 52 K di picche.jpg Jolly Nero.jpg
otto nove dieci fante donna,
regina
re jolly, joker,
matta

Kalasha[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit त्रयः (trayaḥ), from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Numeral[edit]

tre

  1. three; 3

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English trēow, from Proto-West Germanic *treu, in turn from Proto-Germanic *trewą. Ultimately descended from Proto-Indo-European *dóru.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tre (plural tres or treen)

  1. A tree or a plant that resembles one.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: tree
  • Scots: tree
  • Yola: tren (plural)

References[edit]


Middle Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish tre, from Proto-Celtic *trē (compare Welsh trwy), from Proto-Indo-European *terh₂- (to pass through); compare Sanskrit तिरस् (tiras), Latin trāns and Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌷 (þairh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

tre (with the accusative; triggers lenition)

  1. through
    • c. 1000, Anonymous; published in (1935) , Rudolf Thurneysen, editor, Scéla Mucca Meic Dathó, Dublin: Staionery Office, § 1, l. 11, page 1: “Secht ndoruis isin bruidin ocus secht sligeda trethe ocus secht tellaige indi ocus secht cori. [[There were] seven doors in the hall, and seven passages through it, and seven hearths in it, and seven cauldrons.]”

Inflection[edit]

Forms combined with a definite article:

  • tríasin (through the m sg or f sg)

Forms combined with a possessive determiner:

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Neapolitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin tres. Compare Italian tre.

Numeral[edit]

tre

  1. three

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tre
    Ordinal : tredje

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse þrír, from Proto-Norse ᚦᚱᛁᛃᛟᛉ (þrijoz) (feminine plural), from Proto-Germanic *þrīz, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Compare Danish and Swedish tre, Icelandic þrír, Faroese tríggir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tre

  1. three
Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

From Old Norse tré (tree; beam), from Proto-Germanic *trewą (tree), from pre-Germanic *dréwom, from Proto-Indo-European *dóru (tree), possibly from *drew- (hard, firm, strong, solid).

The plurals trær and trærne are derived from Danish træ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tre n (definite singular treet, indefinite plural tre or trær, definite plural trea or trærne)

  1. tree
  2. wood
    Dette bordet er lagd av tre.
    This table is made of wood.
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Low German treden

Verb[edit]

tre (imperative tre, present tense trer, passive tres, simple past trådte, past participle trådt, present participle tredende)

  1. to step (in, out etc.), to tread
    (military) Tre av! - Dismissed!
    (legislation etc.) tre i kraft - come into effect, come into force
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From tråd

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

tre (imperative tre, present tense trer, passive tres, simple past tredde, past participle tredd)

  1. to thread
    tre en nålthread a needle

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tre
    Ordinal : tredje

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse þrír, from Proto-Norse ᚦᚱᛁᛃᛟᛉ (þrijoz) (feminine plural), from Proto-Germanic *þrīz, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Compare Danish and Swedish tre, Icelandic þrír, Faroese tríggir, English three.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • tri (unofficial, høgnorsk)

Numeral[edit]

tre

  1. three
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

From Old Norse tré, from Proto-Germanic *trewą, from Proto-Indo-European *dóru. Akin to English tree

Noun[edit]

tre n (definite singular treet, indefinite plural tre, definite plural trea)

  1. tree
    Trea i skogen var gamle.
    The trees in the forest were old.
  2. wood
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 3[edit]

From earlier treda, from Middle Low German treden, from Proto-Germanic *trudaną. Doublet of trø and trå. Akin to English tread.

Verb[edit]

tre (present tense trer, past tense tredde, supine tredd or trett, past participle tredd, present participle treande, imperative tre)

  1. (intransitive) to tread, step
    • 1878 June 19, “Peter Schlemihl”, in Fedraheimen, page 135:
      han skynade mi Meining og trod tvo Stig attende.
      He got the memo, and took two steps back.
Conjugation[edit]

This verb is inflected as a short-formed weak e-verb, according to current standardization. The short form was introduced in 1959, and the weak past tense tredde was introduced in 1991, two developments made final by the reform of 2012. There is an outline of the development within the table below. The history is also intertwined with its semantically overlapping doublet, trå, as their inflections have been suppletive of each other.

Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

tre (present tense trer, past tense tredde, past participle tredd, imperative tre)

  1. Misspelling of træ.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *trē (compare Welsh trwy), from Proto-Indo-European *terh₂- (to pass through); compare Sanskrit तिरस् (tiras), Latin trāns and Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌷 (þairh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

tre (with the accusative; triggers lenition)

  1. through
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 3c2
      tri chretim i n-Ísu ꝉ isin beothu i táa Ísu iar n-esséirgu
      through belief in Jesus or in the life in which Jesus is after resurrection

Inflection[edit]

Forms combined with a definite article:

  • tris(s)in (through the m sg or f sg)
  • tris(s)a (through the n sg)
  • trisna (through the pl)

Forms combined with a possessive determiner:

Forms combined with a relative pronoun:

  • tresa (through which)

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Piedmontese[edit]

Piedmontese cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tre

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs. Cognates include Italian tre and French trois.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tre

  1. three

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Short form of trebuie

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tre

  1. (informal) third-person singular present indicative of trebui

Synonyms[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish tre (through), from Proto-Celtic *trē (compare Welsh trwy), from Proto-Indo-European *terh₂- (to pass through)

Preposition[edit]

tre

  1. through, by means of

Swedish[edit]

Swedish cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tre
    Ordinal : tredje

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish þrir, þrī, from Old Norse þrír, from Proto-Norse ᚦᚱᛁᛃᛟᛉ (þrijoz) (feminine plural), from Proto-Germanic *þrīz, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Compare Norwegian and Danish tre, Icelandic þrír, Faroese tríggir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tre

  1. three

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tocharian A[edit]

Previous: we, wu
Next: śtwar

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tocharian [Term?], from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Cognate with Tocharian B trey, trai.

Numeral[edit]

tre

  1. three

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *k-lɛː. Compare also Proto-Katuic *ʔalɛɛ (type of bamboo) (whence Pacoh ale (small bamboo used for spears)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(classifier cây) tre (𥯌, )

  1. bamboo

Related terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tre f (plural trefi)

  1. Alternative form of tref

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tre dre nhre thre
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.