jolly

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See also: Jolly

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English joli, jolif ‎(merry, cheerful), from Old French joli, jolif ‎(merry, joyful)[1] It is uncertain whether the Old French word is from Old Norse jól ("a midwinter feast, Yule", hence "fest-ive") [2], in which case, equivalent to yule +‎ -ive; or ultimately from Latin gaudeō (see etymology at joy). For the loss of final -f compare tardy, hasty, hussy, etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

jolly ‎(comparative jollier, superlative jolliest)

  1. Full of high and merry spirits; jovial.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

jolly ‎(plural jollies)

  1. (Britain, dated) A pleasure trip or excursion.
  2. (slang, dated) A marine in the English navy.
    • Rudyard Kipling
      I'm a Jolly — 'Er Majesty's Jolly — soldier an' sailor too!

Adverb[edit]

jolly ‎(comparative more jolly, superlative most jolly)

  1. (Britain, dated) very, extremely

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

jolly ‎(third-person singular simple present jollies, present participle jollying, simple past and past participle jollied)

  1. (transitive) To amuse or divert.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Etymology
  2. ^ Etymology
  • JOLLY in the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, vol. 15, p. 495.

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jolly m ‎(invariable)

  1. joker (playing card)
  2. wild card