त्रि

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Sanskrit[edit]

Sanskrit numbers (edit)
30
 ←  2
3
4  → 
    Cardinal: त्रि (tri)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *tráyas, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Cognates include Latin trēs, Ancient Greek τρεῖς (treîs) and Old English þrēo (English three).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /t̪ɽí/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /t̪ɽi/
  • Numeral[edit]

    त्रि (trím

    1. three

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine declension
    Nom. sg.
    Gen. sg.
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative त्रयः (trayaḥ)
    Vocative त्रयः (trayaḥ)
    Accusative त्रीन् (trīn)
    Instrumental त्रिभिः (tribhiḥ)
    Dative त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)
    Ablative त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)
    Genitive त्रयाणाम् (trayāṇām)
    Locative त्रिषु (triṣu)
    Feminine declension
    Nom. sg.
    Gen. sg.
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative तिस्रः (tisraḥ)
    Vocative तिस्रः (tisraḥ)
    Accusative तिस्रः (tisraḥ)
    Instrumental तिसृभिः (tisṛbhiḥ)
    Dative तिसृभ्यः (tisṛbhyaḥ)
    Ablative तिसृभ्यः (tisṛbhyaḥ)
    Genitive तिसृणाम् (tisṛṇām)
    Locative तिसृषु (tisṛṣu)
    Neuter declension
    Nom. sg.
    Gen. sg.
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative त्रीणि (trīṇi)
    Vocative त्रीणि (trīṇi)
    Accusative त्रीणि (trīṇi)
    Instrumental त्रिभिः (tribhiḥ)
    Dative त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)
    Ablative त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)
    Genitive त्रयाणाम् (trayāṇām)
    Locative त्रिषु (triṣu)

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0457