त्रि

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Cognates include Latin trēs, Ancient Greek τρεῖς (treîs) and Old English þrēo (English three).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

cardinal number
3 Previous: द्व (dva)
Next: चतुर् (catur)

त्रि (trím

  1. three

Declension[edit]

Masculine declension
Nom. sg.
Gen. sg.
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative [[त्रयः (trayaḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रयः (trayaḥ)]] (trayaḥ (trayaḥ))
Vocative [[त्रयः (trayaḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रयः (trayaḥ)]] (trayaḥ (trayaḥ))
Accusative [[त्रीन् (trīn)#Sanskrit|त्रीन् (trīn)]] (trīn (trīn))
Instrumental [[त्रिभिः (tribhiḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रिभिः (tribhiḥ)]] (tribhiḥ (tribhiḥ))
Dative [[त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)]] (tribhyaḥ (tribhyaḥ))
Ablative [[त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)]] (tribhyaḥ (tribhyaḥ))
Genitive [[त्रयाणाम् (trayāṇām)#Sanskrit|त्रयाणाम् (trayāṇām)]] (trayāṇām (trayāṇām))
Locative [[त्रिषु (triṣu)#Sanskrit|त्रिषु (triṣu)]] (triṣu (triṣu))
Feminine declension
Nom. sg.
Gen. sg.
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative [[तिस्रः (tisraḥ)#Sanskrit|तिस्रः (tisraḥ)]] (tisraḥ (tisraḥ))
Vocative [[तिस्रः (tisraḥ)#Sanskrit|तिस्रः (tisraḥ)]] (tisraḥ (tisraḥ))
Accusative [[तिस्रः (tisraḥ)#Sanskrit|तिस्रः (tisraḥ)]] (tisraḥ (tisraḥ))
Instrumental [[तिसृभिः (tisṛbhiḥ)#Sanskrit|तिसृभिः (tisṛbhiḥ)]] (tisṛbhiḥ (tisṛbhiḥ))
Dative [[तिसृभ्यः (tisṛbhyaḥ)#Sanskrit|तिसृभ्यः (tisṛbhyaḥ)]] (tisṛbhyaḥ (tisṛbhyaḥ))
Ablative [[तिसृभ्यः (tisṛbhyaḥ)#Sanskrit|तिसृभ्यः (tisṛbhyaḥ)]] (tisṛbhyaḥ (tisṛbhyaḥ))
Genitive [[तिसृणाम् (tisṛṇām)#Sanskrit|तिसृणाम् (tisṛṇām)]] (tisṛṇām (tisṛṇām))
Locative [[तिसृषु (tisṛṣu)#Sanskrit|तिसृषु (tisṛṣu)]] (tisṛṣu (tisṛṣu))
Neuter declension
Nom. sg.
Gen. sg.
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative [[त्रीणि (trīṇi)#Sanskrit|त्रीणि (trīṇi)]] (trīṇi (trīṇi))
Vocative [[त्रीणि (trīṇi)#Sanskrit|त्रीणि (trīṇi)]] (trīṇi (trīṇi))
Accusative [[त्रीणि (trīṇi)#Sanskrit|त्रीणि (trīṇi)]] (trīṇi (trīṇi))
Instrumental [[त्रिभिः (tribhiḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रिभिः (tribhiḥ)]] (tribhiḥ (tribhiḥ))
Dative [[त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)]] (tribhyaḥ (tribhyaḥ))
Ablative [[त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)]] (tribhyaḥ (tribhyaḥ))
Genitive [[त्रयाणाम् (trayāṇām)#Sanskrit|त्रयाणाम् (trayāṇām)]] (trayāṇām (trayāṇām))
Locative [[त्रिषु (triṣu)#Sanskrit|त्रिषु (triṣu)]] (triṣu (triṣu))

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0457