त्रि

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Sanskrit[edit]

Sanskrit numbers (edit)
30
 ←  2
3
4  → 
    Cardinal: त्रि (tri)
    Ordinal: तृतीय (tṛtīya)
    Adverbial: त्रिस् (tris)
    Distributive: त्रिशस् (triśas)

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *tráyas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *tráyas, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Cognate with Latin trēs, Ancient Greek τρεῖς (treîs), Old English þrēo (whence English three).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

त्रि (trím

  1. three

Declension[edit]

Masculine declension
Nom. sg.
Gen. sg.
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative त्रयः (trayaḥ)
Vocative त्रयः (trayaḥ)
Accusative त्रीन् (trīn)
Instrumental त्रिभिः (tribhiḥ)
Dative त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)
Ablative त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)
Genitive त्रयाणाम् (trayāṇām)
Locative त्रिषु (triṣu)
Feminine declension
Nom. sg.
Gen. sg.
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तिस्रः (tisraḥ)
Vocative तिस्रः (tisraḥ)
Accusative तिस्रः (tisraḥ)
Instrumental तिसृभिः (tisṛbhiḥ)
Dative तिसृभ्यः (tisṛbhyaḥ)
Ablative तिसृभ्यः (tisṛbhyaḥ)
Genitive तिसृणाम् (tisṛṇām)
Locative तिसृषु (tisṛṣu)
Neuter declension
Nom. sg.
Gen. sg.
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative त्रीणि (trīṇi)
Vocative त्रीणि (trīṇi)
Accusative त्रीणि (trīṇi)
Instrumental त्रिभिः (tribhiḥ)
Dative त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)
Ablative त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)
Genitive त्रयाणाम् (trayāṇām)
Locative त्रिषु (triṣu)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Ashokan Prakrit: 𑀢𑀺𑀁𑀦𑀺 (tiṃni /tiṇṇi/) (< त्रीणि (trī́ṇi)) (see there for further descendants)
  • Ashokan Prakrit: 𐨟𐨿𐨪𐨩𐨆(trayo) (< त्रयस् (tráyas)) (see there for further descendants)
  • Dardic:
    • Ashkun: [script needed] (tre), [script needed] (tra)
    • Grangali: [script needed] (ṣlē)
    • Kalasha: [script needed] (trē)
    • Kashmiri: ترٛےٚ(tre)
    • Khowar: [script needed] (troi)
    • Shina: ڇے(c̣e)
      • Kohistani Shina: [script needed] (c̣ēĭ)
    • Shumashti: [script needed] (λyē)
  • Helu:
  • Pali: ti
  • Burmese: တြိ (tri.)
  • Malay: tri, tri- / تري‎, تري-
    • Indonesian: tri
  • Thai: ตรี (dtrii), ไตร (dtrai)
  • → Proto-Nuristani:
    • Ashkun: [script needed] (tre), [script needed] (tra)
    • Kamkata-viri: [script needed] (tre)
    • Prasuni: [script needed] (chī), [script needed] (chhī)
    • Waigali: [script needed] (tre), [script needed] (trē)

References[edit]