ale

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Ale, alé, alè, alẽ, åle, āle, Alę, and -ale

Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

ale

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Aleut.

English[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 ale on Wikipedia
a pint of ale (1)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English ale, from Old English ealu, ealo, from Proto-West Germanic *alu, from Proto-Germanic *alu (compare Dutch aal, Swedish öl), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂elut- (beer), or *h₂elu- (bitter). Compare Russian ол (ol), Lithuanian alùs, Armenian օղի (ōłi); compare also Latin alum (comfrey), alūta (tawed leather), Ancient Greek ἀλύδοιμος (alúdoimos, bitter).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /eɪl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪl

Noun[edit]

ale (countable and uncountable, plural ales)

  1. (dated) A beer made without hops.
  2. A beer produced by so-called warm fermentation and not pressurized.
  3. A festival in English country places, so called from the liquor drunk.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: ale
  • Finnish: ale
  • French: ale

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʌˈle/
  • Hyphenation: a‧le

Interjection[edit]

alé

  1. signifies surprise; wow!

References[edit]

  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[1], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Bambara[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ale

  1. him

Basque[edit]

Noun[edit]

ale

  1. grain

Declension[edit]

Declension of ale (inanimate, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive ale alea aleak
ergative alek aleak aleek
dative aleri aleari aleei
genitive aleren alearen aleen
comitative alerekin alearekin aleekin
causative alerengatik alearengatik aleengatik
benefactive alerentzat alearentzat aleentzat
instrumental alez aleaz aleez
inessive aletan alean aleetan
locative aletako aleko aleetako
allative aletara alera aleetara
terminative aletaraino aleraino aleetaraino
directive aletarantz alerantz aleetarantz
destinative aletarako alerako aleetarako
ablative aletatik aletik aleetatik
partitive alerik
prolative aletzat

Buol[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *qazay.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ale

  1. chin

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *a le, from Proto-Indo-European *ályos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ale

  1. but
    Synonym: avšak

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ale in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • ale in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English ale.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ale m or n (uncountable)

  1. ale

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to Finnish halme and Livvi halmeh. From either Proto-Germanic *halmaz or a Baltic language, compare Lithuanian salms and Latvian želmuo.

Noun[edit]

ale (genitive ale, partitive alet)

  1. slash-and-burn (the technique)
  2. the forest cut down to create new land in slash-and-burn
  3. the land created through slash-and-burn

Declension[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Clipping of alennusmyynti (sale). Coined by Aarni Penttilä.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑle/, [ˈɑle̞]
  • Rhymes: -ɑle
  • Syllabification: a‧le

Noun[edit]

ale

  1. (informal) sale (selling of goods at bargain prices)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of ale (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative ale alet
genitive alen alejen
partitive alea aleja
illative aleen aleihin
singular plural
nominative ale alet
accusative nom. ale alet
gen. alen
genitive alen alejen
aleinrare
partitive alea aleja
inessive alessa aleissa
elative alesta aleista
illative aleen aleihin
adessive alella aleilla
ablative alelta aleilta
allative alelle aleille
essive alena aleina
translative aleksi aleiksi
instructive alein
abessive aletta aleitta
comitative aleineen
Possessive forms of ale (type nalle)
possessor singular plural
1st person aleni alemme
2nd person alesi alenne
3rd person alensa
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English ale.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈei̯l/, [ˈe̞i̯l]
  • Rhymes: -eil
  • Syllabification: ale

Noun[edit]

ale

  1. ale (type of beer)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of ale (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative ale alet
genitive alen alejen
partitive alea aleja
illative aleen aleihin
singular plural
nominative ale alet
accusative nom. ale alet
gen. alen
genitive alen alejen
aleinrare
partitive alea aleja
inessive alessa aleissa
elative alesta aleista
illative aleen aleihin
adessive alella aleilla
ablative alelta aleilta
allative alelle aleille
essive alena aleina
translative aleksi aleiksi
instructive alein
abessive aletta aleitta
comitative aleineen
Possessive forms of ale (type nalle)
possessor singular plural
1st person aleni alemme
2nd person alesi alenne
3rd person alensa

In speech, type 5 (risti) is normally used, giving for instance nominative singular eil, genitive eilin, partitive eiliä, nominative plural eilit and genitive plural eilien.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English ale.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ale f (plural ales)

  1. ale
    • 1884, Joris-Karl Huysmans, chapter XI, in À rebours [Against the Grain]:
      [] il mangea un rosbif aux pommes et s'enfourna deux pintes d’ale, excité par ce petit goût de vacherie musquée que dégage cette fine et pâle bière.
      He ate roast beef with apples and put away two pints of ale, excited by the little taste of musky trickery given off by this fine, pale beer.

Further reading[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin āla.

Noun[edit]

ale f (plural alis)

  1. wing

Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French aller (go).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ale

  1. go
    Synonym: al

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.le/
  • Rhymes: -ale
  • Hyphenation: à‧le

Noun[edit]

ale f

  1. (poetic) plural of ala; wings.

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

ale

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of alō

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *a le, from Proto-Indo-European *ályos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ale

  1. but

Further reading[edit]

  • Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928), “ale”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • Starosta, Manfred (1999), “ale”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag

Lule Sami[edit]

Verb[edit]

ale

  1. second-person singular imperative of ij

Mauritian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French aller.

Verb[edit]

ale (medial form al)

  1. To go

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

from Old Dutch *alo, from Proto-West Germanic *alu.

Noun[edit]

āle n

  1. ale

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English ealu, from Proto-West Germanic *alu, from Proto-Germanic *alu, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂elut-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ale (plural ales)

  1. ale (beverage)

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Northern Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈale/

Verb[edit]

ale

  1. second-person singular imperative of ii

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

ale (present tense el or aler, past tense ol or alte, supine ale or alt, past participle alen or alt, present participle alande, imperative al)

  1. Alternative form of ala

Anagrams[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *a le, from Proto-Indo-European *ályos. For the particle use, compare Hungarian de.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ale

  1. but (contrastive conjunction)
    Synonyms: chociaż, jednak, lecz, niemniej, tylko, mimo że
    Grałem dobrze, ale przegrałem.I played well, but I lost.
  2. (with nie tylko) not only … but also
    Synonym: nie tylko … lecz …
    Jesteś nie tylko głupi, ale też naiwny!You're not only stupid, but also naive!

Particle[edit]

ale

  1. (colloquial) used at the beginning of a sentence for emphasis
    Synonyms: ależ, ale to
    Ale masz piękną sukienkę!You have such a beautiful dress!
    Ale ta zupa jest dobra!This soup is so good!
  2. used at the beginning of a sentence; similar in meaning to the English "hey, not so fast", especially when used multiple times
    Ale, ale! Jeszcze z tobą nie skończyłem!Hey, not so fast! I'm not quite done with you yet!
  3. (with bo) even though, despite
    Stary, bo stary, ale mocny.He very well may be old, but he's still strong.
Derived terms[edit]
particles

Noun[edit]

ale n

  1. (colloquial) but
    żadnych ale!No buts!

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English ale.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ale n

  1. ale
    Hypernym: piwo

Further reading[edit]

  • ale in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ale in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

ale

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of alar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of alar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of alar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of alar

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

ale

  1. of (feminine/neuter plural possessive article)
    sunt ale mele aici?are mine here?

See also[edit]

  • al (masculine/neuter singular)
  • a (feminine singular)
  • ai (masculine plural)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *a li, *a le.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /âle/
  • Hyphenation: a‧le

Conjunction[edit]

ȁle (Cyrillic spelling а̏ле)

  1. (Kajkavian) but
  2. (Kajkavian) however

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English ale.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ale f (plural ales)

  1. ale (intoxicating liquor)

Usage notes[edit]

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.


Tagalog[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: a‧le
  • IPA(key): /ˈʔale/

Noun[edit]

ale

  1. (colloquial) term of address for a woman
  2. aunt
    Synonyms: tita, tiya, tiyang, tiyahin, inain
  3. stepmother
    Synonyms: inang-panguman, inain, madrastra, tiya, tiyang, tiyahin

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Tarantino[edit]

Noun[edit]

ale

  1. wing (of a bird etc)

Ternate[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ale

  1. (transitive) to coil

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of ale
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st toale foale miale
2nd noale niale
3rd Human oalem, moalef iale, yoale
Non-human iale iale, yoale
* m - masculine, f - feminine, - archaic

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Upper Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *a le, from Proto-Indo-European *ályos.

Conjunction[edit]

ale

  1. but

West Makian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ale

  1. bait

References[edit]

  • James Collins (1982) Further Notes Towards a West Makian Vocabulary"[2], Pacific linguistics

Yoruba[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

àlè

  1. concubine, side chick
    Synonym: wáhàrì
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

àlè

  1. (Ondo) in-law
    Synonym: àna