From Middle English chyn, from Old English ċinn (“chin”), from Proto-Germanic *kinnuz (“chin”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénus (“chin, jaw”). Compare West Frisian/Dutch kin, Low German/German Kinn, Danish kind, Icelandic kinn, Welsh gen, Latin gena, Tocharian A śanwem, Ancient Greek γένυς (génus, “jaw”), Armenian ծնոտ (cnot), Persian چانه (čâne), Sanskrit हनु (hánu). Doublet of gena.
chin (plural chins)
- The bottom of a face, (specifically) the typically jutting jawline below the mouth.
- (slang, US) Talk.
- (slang, Britain) A lie, a falsehood.
- (slang, Britain) A person of the upper class.
- (boxing, uncountable) The ability to withstand being punched in the chin without being knocked out.
- (aviation) The lower part of the front of an aircraft, below the nose.
- 1990, Army, volume 40:
- In the cleft of the aircraft's chin is a small turret for a forward-looking infrared (FLIR) "eyeball" that will enable MH-47E pilots to see clearly in complete darkness […]
- 2001, Aviation Week & Space Technology:
- Lockheed Martin's system is mounted behind a transparent, low-observable window blended into the aircraft's chin.
- The bottom part of a mobile phone, below the screen.
- (central area of the jaw, below the mouth): mentum (anatomy)
- (boxing): See glass jaw
- butt chin
- chin curtain
- chin diaper
- chin guard
- chin music
- chinny chin chin
- chin omelette
- chin roll
- chin shield
- chin strip
- chin up
- chin wag
- chin whelk
- cleft chin
- double chin
- glass chin
- keep one's chin up
- lead with one's chin
- take on the chin
- take something on the chin
- up to one's chin
- up to the chin
- (slang, dated, intransitive) To talk.
- (slang, dated, transitive) To talk to or with (someone).
- (reflexive, intransitive) To perform a chin-up (exercise in which one lifts one's own weight while hanging from a bar).
- 1922, E. E. Cummings, chapter 4, in The Enormous Room, New York: Modern Library, published 1949, page 80:
- A description of the cour would be incomplete without an enumeration of the manifold duties of the planton in charge, which were as follows: to prevent the men from using the horizontal bar, except for chinning, since if you swung yourself upon it you could look over the wall into the women’s cour […]
- 1986, Martin Cohen, The Marine Corps 3X Fitness Program, Boston: Little, Brown, Part 3, p. 75:
- You can grunt and curse to your heart’s content but you cannot swing your body when chinning.
- (chiefly UK, transitive) To punch or hit (someone)'s chin (part of the body).
- 1915, Ralph Henry Barbour, chapter 14, in Left Tackle Thayer, New York: Dodd, Mead, pages 183–184:
- He told me once that he used to be scared to death every time he started in a hard game for fear he’d get badly injured. Said it wasn’t until someone had jabbed him in the nose or ‘chinned’ him that he forgot to be scared.
- (transitive) To put or hold (a musical instrument) up to one's chin.
- 1849 September, Alfred Billings Street, “General Training”, in Graham’s American Monthly Magazine of Literature and Art, volume 35, number 3, page 137:
- Conspicuous in the front rank of “the music” was Joe Lippett, chinning his fife […]
- (transitive) To turn on or operate (a device) using one's chin; to select (a particular setting) using one's chin.
- (transitive) To put one's chin on (something).
- (transitive) To indicate or point toward (someone or something) with one's chin.
- (talk (slang)): gab
Shortening of chinchilla.
chin (plural chins)
chin m (plural chins)
- ^ Gouvert, Xavier. 2020. Un chaînon manquant de la reconstruction romane: Le protofrancoprovençal. In Buchi, Éva & Schweickard, Wolfgang (eds.), Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman 3: Entre idioroman et protoroman, 82. Berlin: De Gruyter.
- Alternative form of
|For pronunciation and definitions of chin – see 真 (“true; genuine; real; actual; really; truly; very; quite”).|
(This character, chin, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of 真.)
chin n (plural chinuri)
From Latin cum (“with”), from Proto-Italic *kom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (“next to, at, with, along”). The shift -u- → -i- is probably due to analogy with in.
Compare Logudorese and Campidanese cun, Italian con, Portuguese com, Spanish con, Romanian cu, Sicilian cu.
- Rubattu, Antoninu (2006) Dizionario universale della lingua di Sardegna, 2nd edition, Sassari: Edes
- ^ Wagner, Max Leopold (1960–1964) Dizionario etimologico sardo, Heidelberg
chin m (plural chines)
- (Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico) small amount
- Synonym: poco
- Dame un chin de café.
- Give me a little coffee.
- Orlando Alba (2003) Cómo hablamos los dominicanos, Santo Domingo: Amigo del Hogar
- “chin”, in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014
- Lục Văn Pảo; Hoàng Tuấn Nam (2003), Hoàng Triều Ân, editor, Từ điển chữ Nôm Tày [A Dictionary of (chữ) Nôm Tày] (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản Khoa học Xã hội
- Hoàng Văn Ma; Lục Văn Pảo; Hoàng Chí (2006) Từ điển Tày-Nùng-Việt [Tay-Nung-Vietnamese dictionary] (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản Từ điển Bách khoa Hà Nội
- Lương Bèn (2011) Từ điển Tày-Việt [Tay-Vietnamese dictionary] (in Vietnamese), Thái Nguyên: Nhà Xuất bản Đại học Thái Nguyên