हनु

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰánuš (compare Avestan 𐬰𐬁𐬥𐬎 ‎(zānu), Old Persian danūg-, Parthian zanax, Persian زنخ ‎(zanakh, chin), چانه ‎(čâne)), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénu-, *ǵénus ‎(chin, jaw). Further cognates include Ancient Greek γένυς ‎(génus), Latin gena, Tocharian A śanwem, Old Armenian ծնաւտ ‎(cnawt), Lithuanian žandas, Welsh gen, and Old English ċinn (English chin). The initial #h- instead of expected #j- is unexplained.

Noun[edit]

हनु ‎(hánuf

  1. a jaw (also हनू ‎(hánū))
    • RV 10.79.1c
      अपश्यमस्य महतो महित्वममर्त्यस्य मर्त्यासु विक्षु |
      नाना हनू विभ्र्ते सं भरेते असिन्वती बप्सती भूर्यत्तः ||
      apaśyamasya mahato mahitvamamartyasya martyāsu vikṣu |
      nānā hanū vibhṛte saṃ bharete asinvatī bapsatī bhūryattaḥ ||
      I HAVE beheld the might of this Great Being. Immortal in the midst of tribes of mortals.
      His jaws now open and now shut together: much they devour, insatiately chewing.

Declension[edit]

Feminine u-stem declension of हनु
Nom. sg. हनुः ‎(hanuḥ)
Gen. sg. हनधेन्वाः / हनोः ‎(hanadhenvāḥ / hanoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative हनुः ‎(hanuḥ) हनू ‎(hanū) हनवः ‎(hanavaḥ)
Vocative हनो ‎(hano) हनू ‎(hanū) हनवः ‎(hanavaḥ)
Accusative हनुम् ‎(hanum) हनू ‎(hanū) हनूः ‎(hanūḥ)
Instrumental हन्वा ‎(hanvā) हनुभ्याम् ‎(hanubhyām) हनुभिः ‎(hanubhiḥ)
Dative हन्वै / हनवे ‎(hanvai / hanave) हनुभ्याम् ‎(hanubhyām) हनुभ्यः ‎(hanubhyaḥ)
Ablative हनधेन्वाः / हनोः ‎(hanadhenvāḥ / hanoḥ) हनुभ्याम् ‎(hanubhyām) हनुभ्यः ‎(hanubhyaḥ)
Genitive हनधेन्वाः / हनोः ‎(hanadhenvāḥ / hanoḥ) हन्वोः ‎(hanvoḥ) हनूनाम् ‎(hanūnām)
Locative हन्वाम् / हनौ ‎(hanvām / hanau) हन्वोः ‎(hanvoḥ) हनुषु ‎(hanuṣu)

Noun[edit]

हनु ‎(hánun

  1. cheek
  2. a particular part of a spearhead

Declension[edit]

Neuter u-stem declension of हनु
Nom. sg. हनु ‎(hanu)
Gen. sg. हनुनः ‎(hanunaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative हनु ‎(hanu) हनुनी ‎(hanunī) हनूनि ‎(hanūni)
Vocative हनु ‎(hanu) हनुनी ‎(hanunī) हनूनि ‎(hanūni)
Accusative हनु ‎(hanu) हनुनी ‎(hanunī) हनूनि ‎(hanūni)
Instrumental हनुना ‎(hanunā) हनुभ्याम् ‎(hanubhyām) हनुभिः ‎(hanubhiḥ)
Dative हनुने ‎(hanune) हनुभ्याम् ‎(hanubhyām) हनुभ्यः ‎(hanubhyaḥ)
Ablative हनुनः ‎(hanunaḥ) हनुभ्याम् ‎(hanubhyām) हनुभ्यः ‎(hanubhyaḥ)
Genitive हनुनः ‎(hanunaḥ) हनुनोः ‎(hanunoḥ) हनूनाम् ‎(hanūnām)
Locative हनुनि ‎(hanuni) हनुनोः ‎(hanunoḥ) हनुषु ‎(hanuṣu)

Noun[edit]

हनु ‎(hanuf

  1. "anything which destroys or injures life", a weapon
  2. death
  3. disease
  4. various kinds of drugs
  5. a wanton woman, prostitute

Declension[edit]

Feminine u-stem declension of हनु
Nom. sg. हनुः ‎(hanuḥ)
Gen. sg. हनधेन्वाः / हनोः ‎(hanadhenvāḥ / hanoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative हनुः ‎(hanuḥ) हनू ‎(hanū) हनवः ‎(hanavaḥ)
Vocative हनो ‎(hano) हनू ‎(hanū) हनवः ‎(hanavaḥ)
Accusative हनुम् ‎(hanum) हनू ‎(hanū) हनूः ‎(hanūḥ)
Instrumental हन्वा ‎(hanvā) हनुभ्याम् ‎(hanubhyām) हनुभिः ‎(hanubhiḥ)
Dative हन्वै / हनवे ‎(hanvai / hanave) हनुभ्याम् ‎(hanubhyām) हनुभ्यः ‎(hanubhyaḥ)
Ablative हनधेन्वाः / हनोः ‎(hanadhenvāḥ / hanoḥ) हनुभ्याम् ‎(hanubhyām) हनुभ्यः ‎(hanubhyaḥ)
Genitive हनधेन्वाः / हनोः ‎(hanadhenvāḥ / hanoḥ) हन्वोः ‎(hanvoḥ) हनूनाम् ‎(hanūnām)
Locative हन्वाम् / हनौ ‎(hanvām / hanau) हन्वोः ‎(hanvoḥ) हनुषु ‎(hanuṣu)

Noun[edit]

हनु ‎(hanum

  1. name of a particular mixed tribe

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of हनु
Nom. sg. हनुः ‎(hanuḥ)
Gen. sg. हनोः ‎(hanoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative हनुः ‎(hanuḥ) हनू ‎(hanū) हनवः ‎(hanavaḥ)
Vocative हनो ‎(hano) हनू ‎(hanū) हनवः ‎(hanavaḥ)
Accusative हनुम् ‎(hanum) हनू ‎(hanū) हनून् ‎(hanūn)
Instrumental हनुना ‎(hanunā) हनुभ्याम् ‎(hanubhyām) हनुभिः ‎(hanubhiḥ)
Dative हनवे ‎(hanave) हनुभ्याम् ‎(hanubhyām) हनुभ्यः ‎(hanubhyaḥ)
Ablative हनोः ‎(hanoḥ) हनुभ्याम् ‎(hanubhyām) हनुभ्यः ‎(hanubhyaḥ)
Genitive हनोः ‎(hanoḥ) हन्वोः ‎(hanvoḥ) हनूनाम् ‎(hanūnām)
Locative हनौ ‎(hanau) हन्वोः ‎(hanvoḥ) हनुषु ‎(hanuṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1288