grime

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Grime, grimé, and grimë

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da
hest med grime

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse gríma f, from Proto-Germanic *grimô m (mask; visor). Cognates include English grime and grimace.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. a halter
  2. a facial stripe

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English grim (dirt or soot covering the face), from a specialized note of Old English grīma (mask), from Proto-Germanic *grīmô (mask). Possibly influenced by Old Dutch grijmsel, Middle Dutch grime, Middle Low German greme (dirt), cf. Danish grimet (soiled, stripy), Norwegian Bokmål grimete (soiled, stripy), Norwegian Nynorsk grimete (soiled, stripy).

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡɹaɪm/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪm

Noun[edit]

grime (uncountable)

  1. Dirt, grease, soot, etc. that is ingrained and difficult to remove.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 14, in The China Governess[1]:
      Nanny Broome was looking up at the outer wall.  Just under the ceiling there were three lunette windows, heavily barred and blacked out in the normal way by centuries of grime.
    Underneath all that soot, dirt and grime is the true beauty of the church in soft shades of sandstone.
  2. (music) A genre of urban music that emerged in London, England, in the early 2000s, primarily a development of UK garage, dancehall, and hip hop.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

grime (third-person singular simple present grimes, present participle griming, simple past and past participle grimed)

  1. To begrime; to cake with dirt.
    • 1862, Edwin Waugh, Home-Life of the Lancashire Factory Folk during the Cotton Famine[2]:
      All grimed with coaldust, they swing along the street with their dinner baskets and cans in their hands, chattering merrily.
    • 1920, Harold Bindloss, Lister's Great Adventure[3]:
      Fog from the river rolled up the street and the windows were grimed by soot, but Cartwright had not turned on the electric light.
    • 1918, Harold Bindloss, The Buccaneer Farmer[4]:
      His skin was grimed with dust, for he had ridden hard in scorching heat, and was anxious and impatient to get on.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

grime

  1. inflection of grimer:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

grime f or m (definite singular grima or grimen, indefinite plural grimer, definite plural grimene)

  1. a halter

Verb[edit]

grime (present tense grimer, past tense grima or grimet, past participle grima or grimet)

  1. (transitive) to halter

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn
hest med grime

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse gríma f, from Proto-Germanic *grimô m (mask; visor). Cognates include English grime and grimace. The verb is derived from the noun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

grime f (definite singular grima, indefinite plural grimer, definite plural grimene)

  1. a halter
  2. a facial stripe

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

grime (present tense grimar, past tense grima, past participle grima, passive infinitive grimast, present participle grimande, imperative grime/grim)

  1. (transitive) to halter

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

grime m (uncountable)

  1. (music) grime (a genre of urban music)

Scots[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of Flemish origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

grime (third-person singular simple present grimes, present participle grimein, simple past grimet, past participle grimet)

  1. (archaic) To sprinkle, fleck, or to cover with a layer of fine material (e.g. snow, dust).

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

grime m (plural grimes)

  1. grime (music genre)

West Frisian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

grime c (no plural)

  1. anger, wrath

Further reading[edit]

  • grime (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011