urban

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See also: Urban

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French urbain, from Latin urbanus, from urbs (city).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɜːbən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)bən
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɝbən/
  • Hyphenation: ur‧ban

Adjective[edit]

urban (comparative more urban, superlative most urban)

  1. Related to the (or any) city.
    urban life
    urban traffic
    • 2013 May 10, Audrey Garric, “Urban canopies let nature bloom”, in The Guardian Weekly[4], volume 188, number 22, page 30:
      As towns continue to grow, replanting vegetation has become a form of urban utopia and green roofs are spreading fast. Last year 1m square metres of plant-covered roofing was built in France, as much as in the US, and 10 times more than in Germany, the pioneer in this field. In Paris 22 hectares of roof have been planted, out of a potential total of 80 hectares.
  2. Characteristic of city life.
  3. (US, proscribed, outdated) Relating to contemporary African American culture, especially in music.
  4. (US, Britain, euphemistic, offensive) (of inhabitants or residents) Black; African American.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The word "urban" in a musical context came to be controversial and it was described as perpetuating and reinforcing the racial stereotyping of black communities, especially black musicians,[1] and as a "catchall for music created by Black artists, regardless of genre", leading to the music industry's replacement of it with more appropriate terms.[2]
  • "Urban" as a descriptor of black inhabitants or residents is an offensive and stereotypical usage; see Dictionary.com's "Historical usage of urban" for the explanation.[3]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^
    2018 August 14, Kehinde Andrews, “'Urban' sounds: it's time to stop using this hackneyed term for black music”, in The Guardian[1]:
    Industry executives are increasingly railing against the word, which is born out of racial stereotyping of black communities.
  2. ^
    2020 June 11, Sophie Lewis, “Grammy Awards renames controversial "urban" category”, in CBS News[2]:
    The Grammys has announced that it is dropping the term "urban" from its awards show following criticism from black artists.
  3. ^
    2012, Urban[3], Dictionary.com:
    5 Offensive. (used as a euphemism for Black or African American, rather than in reference to cities or their residents)

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967
  • urban at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • urban in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • urban in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Adjective[edit]

urban

  1. accusative singular of urba

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin urbanus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

urban (comparative urbaner, superlative am urbansten)

  1. urban

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • urban” in Duden online

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin urbanus

Adjective[edit]

urban (neuter singular urbant, definite singular and plural urbane)

  1. urban
  2. urbane

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin urbanus

Adjective[edit]

urban (neuter singular urbant, definite singular and plural urbane)

  1. urban
  2. urbane

References[edit]


Piedmontese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin urbānus

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

urban

  1. urban

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ûrbaːn/
  • Hyphenation: ur‧ban

Adjective[edit]

ȕrbān (definite ȕrbānī, Cyrillic spelling у̏рба̄н)

  1. urban

Declension[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Latin urbānus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

urbȃn (not comparable)

  1. urban

Inflection[edit]

Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. urbán urbána urbáno
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative urbán ind
urbáni def
urbána urbáno
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
urbáno urbáno
genitive urbánega urbáne urbánega
dative urbánemu urbáni urbánemu
locative urbánem urbáni urbánem
instrumental urbánim urbáno urbánim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative urbána urbáni urbáni
accusative urbána urbáni urbáni
genitive urbánih urbánih urbánih
dative urbánima urbánima urbánima
locative urbánih urbánih urbánih
instrumental urbánima urbánima urbánima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative urbáni urbáne urbána
accusative urbáne urbáne urbána
genitive urbánih urbánih urbánih
dative urbánim urbánim urbánim
locative urbánih urbánih urbánih
instrumental urbánimi urbánimi urbánimi

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • urban”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran