grimace

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See also: grimacé

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From French grimace, from Middle French grimace, from Old French grimace, grimuche, from grime ‎(mask) (with the pejorative suffix -ace, from Latin -āceus), from Old Frankish *grīma ‎(mask), from Proto-Germanic *grīmô ‎(mask, helmet), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰer- ‎(to stroke, rub). Cognate with Old English grīma ‎(mask, visor, helmet, spectre, apparition). More at grime.

Pronunciation[edit]

The pronunciation with stress on the second syllable was the usual one in the 1700s and 1800s, found in poetry[3] and preferred by dictionaries to the pronunciation with stress on the first-syllable,[4] but it is now very rare.

Noun[edit]

grimace ‎(plural grimaces)

  1. A contorted facial expression, often expressing contempt or pain.
    • 2005 March, Opera News:
      I trundle off to bed, eyes brimming, face twisted into a grateful glistening grimace, and awaken the next day wondering what all the fuss was about.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

grimace ‎(third-person singular simple present grimaces, present participle grimacing, simple past and past participle grimaced)

  1. To make grimaces; to distort one's face; to make faces.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 grimace” (US) / “grimace” (UK) in Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press.
  2. 2.0 2.1 grimace” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online.
  3. ^ For example, Scottish poet Robert Fergusson (1750–1774), in a poem, rhymes "na: rather gleefu' turn your face, / forsake hypocrisy, grimace". John Mitchell, in a work published in 1838, rhymes "without a hindrance or grimace, / a ready grave in every face".
  4. ^ For example, The Orthoëpist: A Pronouncing Manual (1880) by Alfred Ayres.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French grimace, from Old French grimace, grimuche ‎(a contorted or wry face, grotesque countenance), from grime ‎(mask) (with the pejorative suffix -ace, from Latin -āceus), from Old Frankish *grīma, *grīmo ‎(mask), from Proto-Germanic *grīmô ‎(mask, helmet, cover, night), from Proto-Indo-European *ghrēi- ‎(to strip, paint, smear). Cognate with Middle Dutch grime ‎(mask), Old Saxon grīma ‎(mask), Old English grīma ‎(mask), Old Norse gríma ‎(mask, helmet, night). More at grime.

Noun[edit]

grimace f ‎(plural grimaces)

  1. grimace

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

grimace

  1. first-person singular present indicative of grimacer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of grimacer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of grimacer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of grimacer
  5. second-person singular imperative of grimacer

External links[edit]