Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: -mentum



From Latin mentum. Doublet of menton.


mentum (plural menta)

  1. (anatomy) The chin.
  2. (malacology) A chin-like projection below the mouth of certain mollusks.
  3. (zoology) The central part of the labium in insects.
  4. (botany) A projection in front of the flower in some orchids.

Derived terms[edit]




From Proto-Italic *mentom, from Proto-Indo-European *men-to-, from *men- (to project). Cognate with Proto-Germanic *munþaz.



mentum n (genitive mentī); second declension

  1. chin
  2. beard


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mentum menta
Genitive mentī mentōrum
Dative mentō mentīs
Accusative mentum menta
Ablative mentō mentīs
Vocative mentum menta

Derived terms[edit]



  • mentum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mentum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mentum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • mentum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to see with the mind's eye: oculis mentis videre aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to be of sane mind: mentis compotem esse
    • (ambiguous) to be of sound mind: sanae mentis esse
    • (ambiguous) to obscure the mental vision: mentis quasi luminibus officere (vid. sect. XIII. 6) or animo caliginem offundere
    • (ambiguous) innate ideas: notiones animo (menti) insitae, innatae
    • (ambiguous) to lose one's composure; to be disconcerted: de statu suo or mentis deici (Att. 16. 15)
    • (ambiguous) to lose one's head, be beside oneself: sui (mentis) compotem non esse
    • (ambiguous) enthusiasm: ardor, inflammatio animi, incitatio mentis, mentis vis incitatior