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See also: -mentum



From Latin mentum.


mentum (plural menta)

  1. (anatomy) The chin.
  2. (malacology) A chin-like projection below the mouth of certain mollusks.
  3. (zoology) The central part of the labium in insects.
  4. (botany) A projection in front of the flower in some orchids.

Derived terms[edit]




From Proto-Italic *mentom, from Proto-Indo-European *men-to-m, from *men- (to project).



mentum n (genitive mentī); second declension

  1. chin
  2. beard


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mentum menta
Genitive mentī mentōrum
Dative mentō mentīs
Accusative mentum menta
Ablative mentō mentīs
Vocative mentum menta

Derived terms[edit]



  • mentum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mentum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mentum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • mentum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to see with the mind's eye: oculis mentis videre aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to be of sane mind: mentis compotem esse
    • (ambiguous) to be of sound mind: sanae mentis esse
    • (ambiguous) to obscure the mental vision: mentis quasi luminibus officere (vid. sect. XIII. 6) or animo caliginem offundere
    • (ambiguous) innate ideas: notiones animo (menti) insitae, innatae
    • (ambiguous) to lose one's composure; to be disconcerted: de statu suo or mentis deici (Att. 16. 15)
    • (ambiguous) to lose one's head, be beside oneself: sui (mentis) compotem non esse
    • (ambiguous) enthusiasm: ardor, inflammatio animi, incitatio mentis, mentis vis incitatior