auris

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See also: aurīs

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ṓws. Cognate with Old English ēare (English ear), Ancient Greek οὖς ‎(oûs), Old Church Slavonic оухо ‎(uxo) (Russian ухо ‎(uxo), Chamorro uho), Old Irish au.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

auris f ‎(genitive auris); third declension

  1. (anatomy) ear
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations (Latin text and English translations here)
      Quam diu quisquam erit qui te defendere audeat, vives, et vives ita ut nunc vivis, multis meis et firmis praesidiis obsessus ne commovere te contra rem publicam possis. Multorum te etiam oculi et aures non sentientem, sicut adhuc fecerunt, speculabuntur atque custodient.
      As long as one person exists who may dare to defend you, you shall live, but you shall live as you do now, surrounded by my many and trusty guards, so that you shall not be able to stir one finger against the republic: many eyes and ears shall still observe and watch you, as they have hitherto done, though you shall not perceive them.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension i-stem.

Case Singular Plural
nominative auris aurēs
genitive auris aurium
dative aurī auribus
accusative aurem aurēs
ablative aure auribus
vocative auris aurēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • auris in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • auris in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • AURIS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • auris in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I am losing my eyesight and getting deaf: neque auribus neque oculis satis consto
    • to be blind: oculis captum esse (vid. sect. IV. 6., note auribus, oculis...)
    • (ambiguous) to turn a deaf ear to, to open one's ears to..: aures claudere, patefacere (e.g. veritati, assentatoribus)
    • (ambiguous) to listen to a person: aures praebere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to din a thing into a person's ears: aures alicuius obtundere or simply obtundere (aliquem)
    • (ambiguous) to whisper something in a person's ears: in aurem alicui dicere (insusurrare) aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to come to some one's ears: ad aures alicuius (not alicui) pervenire, accidere
    • (ambiguous) to prick up one's ears: aures erigere
    • (ambiguous) his words find an easy hearing, are listened to with pleasure: oratio in aures influit
    • (ambiguous) a fine, practised ear: aures elegantes, teretes, tritae (De Or. 9. 27)
    • (ambiguous) to turn one's eyes (ears, attention) towards an object: oculos (aures, animum) advertere ad aliquid