cerebrum

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin cerebrum (brain, skull), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱerh₁- (reduced *ḱr̥h₁-). Cognate with Ancient Greek κάρα (kára, head), Old High German hirni (brain), Old English hærn (brain). More at harns.

Noun[edit]

cerebrum (plural cerebra or cerebrums)

  1. (neuroanatomy) The upper part of the brain, which is divided into the two cerebral hemispheres. In humans it is the largest part of the brain and is the seat of motor and sensory functions, and the higher mental functions such as consciousness, thought, reason, emotion, and memory.

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *kerazrom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱerh₁- (reduced *ḱr̥h₁-), related to Latin cervīx (neck). Cognate with Ancient Greek κάρα (kára, head), Sanskrit शिर (śira, head, skull), Hittite harsar (head), Old English hærn (brain). More at harns.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cerebrum n (genitive cerebrī); second declension

  1. brain
  2. skull

Inflection[edit]

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative cerebrum cerebra
genitive cerebrī cerebrōrum
dative cerebrō cerebrīs
accusative cerebrum cerebra
ablative cerebrō cerebrīs
vocative cerebrum cerebra

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References[edit]

  • cerebrum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • cerebrum in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911