voluntary

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English *voluntarie, from Old French volontaire, from Latin voluntarius (willing, of free will), from voluntas (will, choice, desire), from volens, present participle of velle (to will).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

voluntary (comparative more voluntary, superlative most voluntary)

  1. Done, given, or acting of one's own free will.
    • N. W. Taylor
      That sin or guilt pertains exclusively to voluntary action is the true principle of orthodoxy.
    • Alexander Pope
      She fell to lust a voluntary prey.
  2. Done by design or intention; intentional.
    If a man accidentally kills another by lopping a tree, it is not voluntary manslaughter.
  3. Working or done without payment.
  4. Endowed with the power of willing.
    • Hooker
      God did not work as a necessary, but a voluntary, agent, intending beforehand, and decreeing with himself, that which did outwardly proceed from him.
  5. Of or relating to voluntarism.
    a voluntary church, in distinction from an established or state church

Synonyms[edit]

The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the template {{sense|"gloss"}}, substituting a short version of the definition for "gloss".

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

voluntary (comparative more voluntary, superlative most voluntary)

  1. (obsolete) Voluntarily.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.4:
      And all that els was pretious and deare, / The sea unto him voluntary brings [...].

Noun[edit]

voluntary (plural voluntaries)

  1. (music) A short piece of music, often having improvisation, played on a solo instrument
  2. A volunteer