beard

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English[edit]

A man with a prominent beard.

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English berd, bard, bærd, from Old English beard, from Proto-Germanic *bardaz (compare West Frisian burd, Dutch baard, German Bart), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰardʰeh₂, *bʰh₂erdʰeh₂ (compare Latin barba, Lithuanian barzda, Russian борода́ (borodá)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

beard (plural beards)

  1. Facial hair on the chin, cheeks, jaw and neck.
  2. The cluster of small feathers at the base of the beak in some birds.
  3. The appendages to the jaw in some cetaceans, and to the mouth or jaws of some fishes.
  4. The byssus of certain shellfish.
  5. The gills of some bivalves, such as the oyster.
  6. In insects, the hairs of the labial palpi of moths and butterflies.
  7. (botany) Long or stiff hairs on a plant; the awn.
    the beard of grain
  8. A barb or sharp point of an arrow or other instrument, projecting backward to prevent the head from being easily drawn out.
  9. The curved underside of an axehead, extending from the lower end of the cutting edge to the axehandle.
  10. That part of the underside of a horse's lower jaw which is above the chin, and bears the curb of a bridle.
  11. (printing, dated) That part of a type which is between the shoulder of the shank and the face.
  12. (LGBT, slang) A fake customer or companion, especially a woman who accompanies a gay man in order to give the impression that he is heterosexual.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

beard (third-person singular simple present beards, present participle bearding, simple past and past participle bearded)

  1. (obsolete) To grow hair on the chin and jaw.
  2. To boldly and bravely oppose or confront, often to the chagrin of the one being bearded.
    Robin Hood is always shown as bearding the Sheriff of Nottingham.
  3. (transitive) To take by the beard; to seize, pluck, or pull the beard of (a man), in anger or contempt.
  4. (transitive) To deprive (an oyster or similar shellfish) of the gills.
  5. (LGBT, slang, transitive, intransitive) Of a gay man or woman: to accompany a gay person of the opposite sex in order to give the impression that they are heterosexual.
    • 1993, David Michael Robinson, Mollies are Not the Only Fruit (page 39)
      Lesbians and homosexual men bearding one another (i.e. providing each other with the public appearance of being heterosexual); []
    • 2017, Hildred Billings, Blown By An Inconvenient Wind:
      Things got weird after I married Jiro. It's like everyone knows I'm a lesbian who is bearding for her gay best friend so we can be rich one day, but they don't want to be reminded of it.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *bardaz (compare West Frisian burd, Dutch baard, German Bart), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰardʰeh₂ (compare Latin barba, Lithuanian barzda, Russian борода́ (borodá)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bæ͜ɑrd/, [bæ͜ɑrˠd]

Noun[edit]

beard m

  1. beard

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: bard, bærd, beord, berd, burd