From Middle English berd, bard, bærd, from Old English beard, from Proto-West Germanic *bard, from Proto-Germanic *bardaz (compare West Frisian burd, Dutch baard, German Bart). Cognate further to Latin barba, Lithuanian barzda, Russian борода́ (borodá): the word may date to Proto-Indo-European as *bʰardʰeh₂, *bʰh₂erdʰeh₂. Doublet of barb.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /bɪəd/
- (General American) IPA(key): /bɪɹd/, /biɚd/
Audio (US) (file)
- (obsolete) IPA(key): /bɜː(ɹ)d/
- Homophone: beared (in accents with the near-square merger)
- Rhymes: -ɪə(ɹ)d
beard (plural beards)
- Facial hair on the chin, cheeks, jaw and neck.
- The cluster of small feathers at the base of the beak in some birds.
- 1886, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, translated by H.L. Brækstad, Folk and Fairy Tales, page 90:
- At this moment the cock began to play; he stuck out his beard, trailed his wings down by his legs, and made, with great solemnity and wavelike motions of his neck, a few steps forward on the branch, while he stuck up his tail and spread it out like a big wheel.
- The appendages to the jaw in some cetaceans, and to the mouth or jaws of some fishes.
- The byssus of certain shellfish.
- The gills of some bivalves, such as the oyster.
- In insects, the hairs of the labial palpi of moths and butterflies.
- (botany) Long or stiff hairs on a plant; the awn.
- the beard of grain
- Long, hair-like feathers that protrude from the chest of a turkey
- 2022, Jenny McKee, “Let's Talk Turkey Beards”, in Audubon:
- While all toms—adult male turkeys—have beards, nearly 10 percent of hens also have one, albeit a much stubbier, wispier version.
- A barb or sharp point of an arrow or other instrument, projecting backward to prevent the head from being easily drawn out.
- The curved underside of an axehead, extending from the lower end of the cutting edge to the axehandle.
- That part of the underside of a horse's lower jaw which is above the chin, and bears the curb of a bridle.
- (printing, dated) That part of a type which is between the shoulder of the shank and the face.
- (LGBT, slang) A fake customer or companion, especially a woman who accompanies a gay man, or a man who accompanies a lesbian, in order to give the impression that the person being accompanied is heterosexual.
- Aaron's beard
- beard lichen
- beard moss
- beard net
- beard oil
- beard worm
- bee beard
- dragon's beard candy
- fat beard
- green-beard effect
- jaw beard
- Jove's beard
- Jupiter's beard
- Movember beard
- Ned Kelly beard
- old man's beard
- Omer beard
- playoff beard
- Shenandoah beard
- Thor's beard
- turkey's beard
- (intransitive, obsolete) To grow hair on the chin and jaw.
- (transitive) To boldly and bravely oppose or confront, often to the chagrin of the one being bearded.
- Robin Hood is always shown as bearding the Sheriff of Nottingham.
- 1849–1861, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter III, in The History of England from the Accession of James the Second, volumes (please specify |volume=I to V), London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, →OCLC:
- No admiral, bearded by these corrupt and dissolute minions of the palace, dared to do more than mutter something about a court martial.
- 1925 July – 1926 May, A[rthur] Conan Doyle, “(please specify the chapter number)”, in The Land of Mist (eBook no. 0601351h.html), Australia: Project Gutenberg Australia, published April 2019:
- Murphy was a choleric man with a sense of his own importance. He was not to be bearded thus in his own seat of office. He rose with a very red face.
- 1943 December 6, Crockett Johnson, Barnaby:
- We need all our operatives to insure the success of my plan to beard this Claus in his den...
- 1963, Ross Macdonald, The Chill, Vintage Crime/Black Lizard, page 92:
- . . . I bearded the judge in his chambers and told him that it shouldn't be allowed.
- (transitive) To take by the beard; to seize, pluck, or pull the beard of (a man), in anger or contempt.
- (transitive) To deprive (an oyster or similar shellfish) of the gills.
- (intransitive, beekeeping) Of bees, to accumulate together in a beard-like shape.
- (LGBT, slang, transitive, intransitive) Of a gay man or woman: to accompany a gay person of the opposite sex in order to give the impression that they are heterosexual.
- 1993, David Michael Robinson, Mollies are Not the Only Fruit, page 39:
- Lesbians and homosexual men bearding one another (i.e. providing each other with the public appearance of being heterosexual); […]
- 2017, Hildred Billings, Blown By An Inconvenient Wind:
- Things got weird after I married Jiro. It's like everyone knows I'm a lesbian who is bearding for her gay best friend so we can be rich one day, but they don't want to be reminded of it.
From Proto-West Germanic *bard, from Proto-Germanic *bardaz (compare West Frisian burd, Dutch baard, German Bart), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰardʰeh₂ (compare Latin barba, Lithuanian barzda, Russian борода́ (borodá)).