From Turkey. The guinea fowl (Numida meleagris), native to Africa, was imported to Europe by Turkey merchants. The larger northern American bird Meleagris gallopavo, thought to resemble the guinea fowl, was brought to Spain by conquistadors in 1523; from there it was introduced to northern Africa, at the time under Ottoman rule, and then via the Middle East back into Europe.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈtɜːkɪ/
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈtɜɹki/, [ˈtɝkʰi], enPR: tûr'kē
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɜː(r)ki
- Either of two species of bird in the genus Meleagris with fan-shaped tails and wattled necks.
- (uncountable) The meat or flesh of this bird eaten as food
- All week after Thanksgiving, I had turkey sandwiches for lunch.
- (colloquial) A failure.
- That film was a turkey.
- (slang, usually mildly derogatory) A foolish or inept person.
- The turkey cut in front of me and then berated me for running into him.
- (bowling) An act of throwing three strikes in a row.
- (obsolete) The guinea fowl (Numida meleagris). [from c. 1600]
- (medical slang, derogatory) A patient feigning symptoms; a person faking illness or injury; a malingerer.
1976, Stephen Charles Frankel, Emergency Medical Care in an Urban Area, page 118:
- Mumford (1970) noted that the terms ‘crock’, ‘gomer’, and ‘turkey’, were sometimes utilized by interns to designate different types of undesirable patients, and sometimes used synonymously.
- (dated, slang, US, Australia) A large travel bag; a suitcase; a pack carried by a lumberman; a bindle. [early 20th c.]
- (bird): Meleagris gallopavo, Meleagris ocellata
- (failure): flop
- (stupid person): fool, idiot, (US) jerk, (UK) plonker, (UK) prat