fake

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Fake

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /feɪ̯k/, enPR: fāk
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪk

Etymology 1

The origin is not known with certainty, although first attested in 1775 C.E. in British criminals' slang.[1] It is probably from feak, feague (to give a better appearance through artificial means); akin to Dutch veeg (a slap), vegen (to sweep, wipe); German fegen (to sweep, to polish). Compare Old English fācn, fācen (deceit, fraud). Perhaps related to Old Norse fjúka (fade, vanquish, disappear), feikn (strange, scary, unnatural).

Adjective

fake (comparative faker or more fake, superlative fakest or most fake)

  1. Not real; false, fraudulent
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:fake
    Antonyms: authentic, genuine
    Which fur coat looks fake?
  2. (of people) Insincere
Derived terms
Translations

Descendants

  • Russian: фейк (fejk)
  • Turkish: feyk

Noun

fake (plural fakes)

  1. Something which is not genuine, or is presented fraudulently.
    I suspect this passport is a fake.
  2. (sports) A move meant to deceive an opposing player, used for gaining advantage for example when dribbling an opponent.
  3. (archaic) A trick; a swindle
Synonyms
Translations

Verb

fake (third-person singular simple present fakes, present participle faking, simple past and past participle faked)

  1. (transitive) To make a counterfeit, to counterfeit, to forge, to falsify.
  2. (transitive) To make a false display of, to affect, to feign, to simulate.
    to fake a marriage
    to fake happiness
    to fake a smile
  3. (archaic) To cheat; to swindle; to steal; to rob.
  4. (archaic) To modify fraudulently, so as to make an object appear better or other than it really is
    • 1944, George Henderson, The Farming Ladder:
      He had a hundred similar tricks, but I never knew him fake a horse, or sell one as sound if it was not.
  5. (music, transitive, intransitive) To improvise, in jazz.
    • 1994, ITA Journal (volume 22, page 20)
      Occasionally the opportunity arises to stand up and "fake" a jazz standard.
    • Denning, cited in 2020, Matt Brennan, Kick It: A Social History of the Drum Kit (page 110)
      In the face of this print music culture, 'faking' was the ability—at once respected and disrespected—to improvise a song (or a part in an arrangement) without reading the notation.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English faken (to coil a rope).

Noun

fake (plural fakes)

  1. (nautical) One of the circles or windings of a cable or hawser, as it lies in a coil; a single turn or coil.
Translations

Verb

fake (third-person singular simple present fakes, present participle faking, simple past and past participle faked)

  1. (nautical) To coil (a rope, line, or hawser), by winding alternately in opposite directions, in layers usually of zigzag or figure of eight form, to prevent twisting when running out.
Translations

Further reading

  • Wikipedia-logo.svg fake on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • fake at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • fake” in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

References

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2022), “fake”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Anagrams


Afar

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fʌˈke/
  • Hyphenation: fa‧ke

Verb

faké (frequentative fakamfaké, autobenefactive fakkaasité)

  1. (transitive) open
  2. (transitive) begin
  3. (transitive) expose
  4. (transitive) spread out

Conjugation

    Conjugation of fake (type II verb)
1st singular 2nd singular 3rd singular 1st plural 2nd plural 3rd plural
m f
perfective V-affirmative fakéh faktéh fakéh faktéh faknéh fakteeníh fakeeníh
N-affirmative faké fakté faké fakté fakné faktén fakén
negative máfakinniyo máfakinnito máfakinna máfakinna máfakinnino máfakinniton máfakinnon
imperfective V-affirmative fakáh faktáh fakáh faktáh faknáh faktaanáh fakaanáh
N-affirmative faká faktá faká faktá fakná faktán fakán
negative máfaka máfakta máfaka máfakta máfakna máfaktan máfakan
prospective V-affirmative fakéliyoh
fakéyyoh
fakélitoh
fakéttoh
fakéleh fakéleh fakélinoh
fakénnoh
fakélitoonuh
fakéttoonuh
fakéloonuh
N-affirmative fakéliyo
fakéyyo
fakélito
fakétto
fakéle fakéle fakélino
fakénno
fakéliton
fakétton
fakélon
conjunctive I V-affirmative fákuh fáktuh fákuh fáktuh fákuh faktóonuh fakóonuh
N-affirmative fáku fáktu fáku fáktu fáku faktón fakón
negative faké wáyuh faké wáytuh faké wáyuh faké wáytuh faké wáynuh faké waytóonuh faké wóonuh
conjunctive II V-affirmative fakánkeh faktánkeh fakánkeh faktánkeh faknánkeh faktaanánkeh fakaanánkeh
N-affirmative fakánke faktánke fakánke faktánke faknánke faktaanánke fakaanánke
negative faké wáankeh faké waytánkeh faké wáankeh faké waytánkeh faké waynánkeh faké waytaanánkeh faké wáankeh
jussive affirmative fákay fáktay fákay fáktay fákay faktóonay fakóonay
negative faké wáay faké wáytay faké wáay faké wáytay faké wáynay faké waytóonay faké wóonay
past
conditional
affirmative fakinniyóy fakinnitóy fakinnáy fakinnáy fakinninóy fakinnitoonúy fakinnoonúy
negative faké wanniyóy faké wannitóy faké wannáy faké wannáy faké wanninóy faké wannitoonúy faké wanninoonúy
present
conditional I
affirmative fakék fakték fakék fakték faknék fakteeník fakeeník
negative faké wéek faké wayték faké wéek faké wayték faké waynék faké wayteeník faké weeník
singular plural singular plural
consultative affirmative fakóo faknóo imperative affirmative fák fáka
negative mafakóo mafaknóo negative máfakin máfakina
-h converb -i form -k converb -in(n)uh converb -innuk converb infinitive indefinite participle
V-focus N-focus
fákah fáki fákak fakínnuh fakínnuk fakíyya fakináanih fakináan
Compound tenses
past perfect affirmative perfective + perfective of én or sugé
present perfect affirmative perfective + imperfective of én
future perfect affirmative perfective + prospective of sugé
past progressive -k converb + imperfective of én or sugé
present progressive affirmative imperfect + imperfective of én
future progressive -k converb + prospective of sugé
immediate future affirmative conjunctive I + imperfective of wée
imperfect potential I affirmative conjunctive I + imperfective of takké
imperfect
potential II
affirmative imperfective + -m + takké
negative faké + imperfective of wée + -m + takké
perfect
potential
affirmative perfective + -m + takké
negative faké + perfective of wée + -m + takké
present
conditional II
affirmative imperfective + object pronoun + tekkék
negative faké + perfective of wée + object pronoun + tekkék
perfect
conditional
affirmative perfective + imperfective of sugé + -k
negative perfective + sugé + imperfective of wée -k
irrealis faké + perfective of xaaxé or raaré

References

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “fake”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[1], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis), page 275

German

Etymology

Borrowed from English fake.

Pronunciation

Adjective

fake (strong nominative masculine singular faker, not comparable)

  1. (informal) fake, sham, counterfeit

Declension

Usage notes

In most cases corresponding to hypothetical English occurrences which would be deemed adjectives, the German is part of a compound with the noun Fake, and the existence of such an adjective is not widely accepted, however at least in the colloquial of the fashion scene, in reference to counterfeits, it is a fully declined adjective; cf. woke, and anywhere else where there is a heavy influx of English there may be at least predicative-only use.

Further reading

  • fake” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon

Kristang

Noun

fake

  1. knife

Portuguese

Etymology

Unadapted borrowing from English fake.

Pronunciation

Noun

fake m (plural fakes)

  1. (Internet slang) a fake account in a social network or other online community; a sock puppet

Adjective

fake (invariable, comparable)

  1. (Internet slang, of an image or video shared on the web) fake, manipulated, not genuine
    Synonym: falso
    Antonyms: genuíno, real, autêntico