sham

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See also: Sham

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʃæm/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æm

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably a dialectal form of shame.

Adjective[edit]

sham

  1. Intended to deceive; false.
    It was only a sham wedding: they didn't care much for one another, but wanted their parents to stop hassling them.
  2. counterfeit; unreal
    • 1848-50, William Makepeace Thackeray, Pendennis, ch 74:
      For this young lady was not able to carry out any emotion to the full; but had a sham enthusiasm, a sham hatred, a sham love, a sham taste, a sham grief, each of which flared and shone very vehemently for an instant, but subsided and gave place to the next sham emotion.
    • 1881, Benjamin Jowett (translator), Thucydides (Oxford: Clarendon Press), VIII.64, p. 592:
      For the subject-cities, having secured a moderate form of government, and having no fear of being called to account for their proceedings, aimed at absolute freedom; they scorned the sham independence proffered to them by the Athenians.
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

sham (countable and uncountable, plural shams)

  1. A fake; an imitation that purports to be genuine.
    The time-share deal was a sham.
  2. Trickery, hoaxing.
    A con-man must be skilled in the arts of sham and deceit.
  3. A false front, or removable ornamental covering.
  4. A decorative cover for a pillow.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
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Verb[edit]

sham (third-person singular simple present shams, present participle shamming, simple past and past participle shammed)

  1. To deceive, cheat, lie.
  2. To obtrude by fraud or imposition.
  3. To assume the manner and character of; to imitate; to ape; to feign.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

sham (uncountable)

  1. (slang) Champagne.
    • 1840, M. A. Titmarsh [pseudonym; William Makepeace Thackeray], The Paris Sketch Book, volume (please specify |volume=I or II), London: John Macrone, [], OCLC 2344307:
      So I orders a bottle, as if for myself; and, ‘Ma’am,’ says I, ‘will you take a glass of Sham—just one?’

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Karakalpak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شمع

Noun[edit]

sham

  1. candle

Uzbek[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic шам
Latin sham
Perso-Arabic

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شمع

Noun[edit]

sham (plural shamlar)

  1. candle

Declension[edit]