شمع

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See also: سمعand س م ع

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ش م ع (š-m-ʿ) meaning "to spread or disperse", hence melting wax.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَمْع or شَمَع (šamʿ or šamaʿm (collective, singulative شَمْعَة (šamʿa) or شَمَعَة (šamaʿa), plural شُمُوع (šumūʿ))

  1. wax
  2. candles
  3. a thing one lights, a torch, lantern
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ش م ع (š-m-ʿ) in the sense of "to disperse or go away", "to be away from work", hence "to be at leisure".

Verb[edit]

شَمَعَ (šamaʿa) I, non-past يَشْمَعُ‎ (yašmaʿu)

  1. to play, to sport, to game
  2. to joke or jest
  3. to be mirthful, to laugh
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably denominal.

Verb[edit]

شَمَّعَ (šammaʿa) II, non-past يُشَمِّعُ‎ (yušammiʿu)

  1. to wax, to rub or smear with wax
  2. to make waterproof or wax-coated
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]


Persian[edit]

Dari شمع
Iranian Persian شمع
Tajik шамъ (šamʾ)
شمع

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شمع.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شمع (šam') (plural شمع‌ها (šam'-hâ))

  1. candle

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian شمع, from Arabic شمع.

Noun[edit]

شمع (śamaf (Hindi spelling शमा)

  1. candle