wax

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See also: Wax

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English wax, from Old English weax, from Proto-Germanic *wahsą, from Proto-Indo-European *woḱ-so-. Cognate with Saterland Frisian Woaks (wax), West Frisian waaks (wax), Dutch was (wax), German Wachs (wax), Norwegian voks (wax); and with Lithuanian vaškas (wax), Proto-Slavic *voskъ (wax).

Beeswax, a kind of wax

Noun[edit]

wax (countable and uncountable, plural waxes)

  1. Beeswax.
  2. Earwax.
    What role does the wax in your earhole fulfill?
  3. Any oily, water-resistant substance; normally long-chain hydrocarbons, alcohols or esters.
  4. Any preparation containing wax, used as a polish.
  5. (uncountable) The phonograph record format for music.
  6. (US, dialect) A thick syrup made by boiling down the sap of the sugar maple and then cooling it.
  7. (US, slang) A type of drugs with as main ingredients weed oil and butane; hash oil
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Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

wax (not comparable)

  1. Made of wax.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 10, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      He looked round the poor room, at the distempered walls, and the bad engravings in meretricious frames, the crinkly paper and wax flowers on the chiffonier; and he thought of a room like Father Bryan's, with panelling, with cut glass, with tulips in silver pots, such a room as he had hoped to have for his own.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

See under the noun section above

Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English waxen, from the noun (see above).

Verb[edit]

wax (third-person singular simple present waxes, present participle waxing, simple past and past participle waxed)

  1. (transitive) To apply wax to (something, such as a shoe, a floor, a car, or an apple), usually to make it shiny.
  2. (transitive) To remove hair at the roots from (a part of the body) by coating the skin with a film of wax that is then pulled away sharply.
  3. (transitive, informal) To defeat utterly.
  4. (transitive, slang) To kill, especially to murder a person.
    • 2005, David L. Robbins, Liberation Road: A Novel of World War II and the Red Ball Express, page 83:
      "I was reassigned over from the 9th when the battalion CO got waxed on the road leading in." Ben kept his dismay to himself. Here was one more officer in the 90th who'd been on the job only hours or days, replacing commanders killed or wounded....
    • 2009, Dean R. Koontz and Ed Gorman, Dean Koontz's Frankenstein: City of Night, →ISBN, page 106:
      "You telling me you know who really waxed him and your mom?" / "Yeah," she lied. / "Just who pulled the trigger or who ordered it to be pulled?"
  5. (transitive, archaic, usually of a musical or oral performance) To record. [from 1900]
Synonyms[edit]
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Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English waxen, from Old English weaxan (to wax, grow, be fruitful, increase, become powerful, flourish), from Proto-Germanic *wahsijaną (to grow), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂weg- (to grow, increase). Cognate with Scots wax (to grow), West Frisian waakse (to grow), Low German wassen, Dutch wassen (to grow), German wachsen (to grow), Danish and Norwegian vokse (to grow), Swedish växa (to grow), Icelandic vaxa (to grow), Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌷𐍃𐌾𐌰𐌽 (wahsjan, to grow); and with Ancient Greek ἀέξειν (aéxein), Latin auxilium. It is in its turn cognate with augeo. See eke.

Verb[edit]

wax (third-person singular simple present waxes, present participle waxing, simple past waxed or (archaic) wex, past participle waxed or (dialectal, archaic) waxen)

  1. (intransitive, with adjective, literary) To increasingly assume the specified characteristic.
    Synonym: become
    to wax poeticto become increasingly verbose
    to wax wodeto become angry
    to wax eloquent
  2. (intransitive, literary) To grow.
    Antonym: wane
  3. (intransitive, of the moon) To appear larger each night as a progression from a new moon to a full moon.
  4. (intransitive, of the tide) To move from low tide to high tide.
Usage notes[edit]
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Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

wax (uncountable)

  1. (rare) The process of growing.
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Etymology 4[edit]

Origin uncertain; probably from phrases like to wax angry, wax wode, and similar (see Etymology 2, above).

Noun[edit]

wax (plural waxes)

  1. (dated, colloquial) An outburst of anger.
    • 1970, John Glassco, Memoirs of Montparnasse, New York 2007, page 161:
      ‘That's him to a T,’ she would murmur; or, ‘Just wait till he reads this’; or, ‘Ah, won't that put him in a wax!’
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Somali[edit]

Noun[edit]

wax ?

  1. something