大きい

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
kun’yomi
See also 大きな

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

/opoki//oɸoki//oɸokiki//owokiː//oːkiː/

Appears in the Muromachi period, 1337 to 1573 CE.[1]

From older adjective  (おお) (ōki, ancient reading opoki), derived as the attributive form ōki (ancient opoki) of cognate adjective ōshi (ancient oposi; attributive opoki appearing already in the Man'yōshū of 759 CE,[2] meaning both “large” or “many”, spelled as  (おお) (ōshi) or  (おお) (ōshi), modern Japanese  (おお) (ōi, many)), in turn derived from Old Japanese adjective opo (“indistinct; of uncertain size, shape, or amount”; read as ō in modern Japanese, spelled as or ).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

大きい (-i inflection, hiragana おおきい, rōmaji ōkii, historical hiragana おほきい)

  1. big
  2. broad, immense

Usage notes[edit]

 (おお)きい (ōkii) and  (おお)きな (ōkina) are essentially the same word. However, while ōkii can be used both attributively and to end a sentence, ōkina can only be used attributively, and must be followed by a noun or noun phrase.

  • Correct grammar:
    あの (くるま) (おお)きい。/あの (くるま) (おお)きいです。
    Ano kuruma wa ōkii. / Ano kuruma wa ōkii desu.
    That car is big.
  • Incorrect grammar:
    あの (くるま) (おお)きな。/あの (くるま) (おお)きなです。
    Ano kuruma wa ōkina. / Ano kuruma wa ōkina desu.
    *That car is a big __.

Since  (おお)きな (ōkina) can only be used attributively, a noun always follows it.

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 3, poem 339), text here
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN