大きい

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお(きい)
Grade: 1
kun'yomi
See also 大きな

Etymology[edit]

Appearing in the Muromachi period (1337 to 1573).

From older adjectival noun 大き ‎(ōki), derived from attributive form ōki of cognate adjective ōshi (meaning both “large” or “many”, spelled as 多し or 大し, modern Japanese 多い ‎(ōi, many)), in turn derived from Old Japanese adjectival noun opo (“indistinct; of uncertain size, shape, or amount”; read as ō in modern Japanese, spelled as or ).

/opoki//oɸoki//owokiː//oːkiː/

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

大きい ‎(-i inflection, hiragana おおきい, romaji ōkii, historical hiragana おほきい)

  1. big
  2. broad, immense

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

大きい (​ōkii) and 大きな (​ōkina) are essentially the same word. However, while ōkii can be used both attributively and to end a sentence, ōkina can only be used attributively, and must be followed by a noun or noun phrase.

  • Correct grammar:
    あの車はおおきい。 / あの車はおおきいです。Ano kuruma wa ōkii. / Ano kuruma wa ōkii desu. ― That car is big.
  • Incorrect grammar:
    あの車はおおきな。 / あの車は大きなです。 ― *Ano kuruma wa ōkina. / *Ano kuruma wa ōkina desu. ― *That car is a big __.
Since ōkina can only be used attributively, a noun must come after the word.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3