大きな

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See also: 大きい

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

/ohoki/: [opoki] → [oɸoki] → [owoki] → [oːki]. The attributive form of cognate 大し(ōshi, large) or 多し(ōshi, many), which were not originally distinguished.

Adnominal[edit]

大きな (hiragana おおきな, romaji ōkina, historical hiragana おほきな)

  1. big, large

Usage notes[edit]

大きい (​ōkii) and 大きな (​ōkina) are essentially the same word. However, while ōkii can be used both attributively and to end a sentence, ōkina can only be used attributively, and must be followed by a noun or noun phrase.

  • Correct grammar:
    あの車はおおきい。 / あの車はおおきいです。Ano kuruma wa ōkii. / Ano kuruma wa ōkii desu. ― That car is big.
  • Incorrect grammar:
    あの車はおおきな。 / あの車は大きなです。 ― *Ano kuruma wa ōkina. / *Ano kuruma wa ōkina desu. ― *That car is a big __.
Since ōkina can only be used attributively, a noun must come after the word.

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]