Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+51E1, 凡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51E1

[U+51E0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51E2]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
凡-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 16 +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 竹弓戈 (HNI), four-corner 77210, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 134, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1739
  • Dae Jaweon: page 299, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 276, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+51E1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
凡-oracle.svg 凡-bronze.svg 凡-silk.svg 凡-bigseal.svg 凡-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*b·ruːm
*b·uːm
*pʰomʔ
*pʰoms, *bum
*bom
*bom, *boms
*bom, *boms
*bomʔ
*bloms, *bum
*boːŋ, *bum
*plum, *plums
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plums
*blum
*blum
*bums

Pictogram (象形) – a plate, a flat dish.

Borrowed for abstract meanings. Another character (OC *baːn) was created to refer to the original word.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fan³⁵/
Harbin /fan²⁴/ 下~
/fan⁵³/ ~是
Tianjin /fan⁴⁵/
Jinan /fã⁴²/
Qingdao /fã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /fan⁴²/
Xi'an /fã²⁴/
Xining /fã²⁴/
Yinchuan /fan⁵³/
Lanzhou /fɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /fan⁵¹/
Wuhan /fan²¹³/
Chengdu /fan³¹/
Guiyang /fan²¹/
Kunming /fã̠³¹/
Nanjing /faŋ²⁴/
Hefei /fæ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /fæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /fæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ve²³/
Suzhou /ve̞¹³/
Hangzhou /vẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /va³¹/
Hui Shexian /fɛ⁴⁴/
Tunxi /fuːə⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /fan¹³/
Xiangtan /ɸan¹²/
Gan Nanchang /fan⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /fan¹¹/
Taoyuan /fɑm¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fan²¹/
Nanning /fan²¹/
Hong Kong /fan²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uaiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /faŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (146)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨɐm/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɐm/
Shao
Rongfen
/biɐm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buam/
Li
Rong
/biɐm/
Wang
Li
/bĭwɐm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯wɐm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fán
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjom ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]rom/
English in every case

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2914
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bom/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. ordinary; commonplace
  2. worldly; mortal; earthly
  3. outline; gist
  4. (music) the fourth scale degree in the Gongche musical notation
  5. every; all; any
  6. altogether

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Definitions[edit]

  1. ordinary, common, mediocre

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(beom)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ()
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.