Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(salt) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 197 +9, 20 strokes, cangjie input 卜田戈竹口 (YWIHR), four-corner 23650, composition)

Descendants[edit]

  • – simplified to an existing character.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1507, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47553
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2035, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4610, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+9E79

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian³⁵/
Harbin /ɕian²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕian⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕiã⁴²/
Qingdao /ɕiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕian⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiã²⁴/ ~阳
/xã²⁴/ ~菜
Xining /ɕiã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕian⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n⁵³/
/xɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕian⁵¹/
/xan⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /xan³¹/
Guiyang /ɕian²¹/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /ɕien²⁴/
Hefei /ɕiĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiɑŋ¹³/ ~阳
/xɑŋ¹³/ ~菜
Hohhot /ɕie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦe¹³/
Suzhou /ɦiɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦa³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕie⁴⁴/
/xɛ⁴⁴/ ~盐
Tunxi /xɔ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /xan¹³/ ~鱼
Xiangtan /ɦan¹²/
Gan Nanchang /han²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /ham¹¹/
Taoyuan /hɑm¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ham²¹/
Nanning /ham²¹/
Hong Kong /ham²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ham³⁵/
/kiam³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /aŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ham⁵⁵/
/kiam⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ham³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣɛm/ /ɣăm/ /ɣɐm/ /ɦɯæm/ /ɦəɨm/ /ɣɐm/ /ɣɐm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xián ‹ hɛm › /*Cə.[ɡ]ˤr[o]m/ salty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13516 1 /*ɡrɯːm/ 鹹轉註字

Definitions[edit]

  1. salty, briny
  2. salted
  3. pickled
Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. salty

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune-Reischauer ham, Yale ham)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hàm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.