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See also:
U+8C93, 貓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8C93

[U+8C92]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8C94]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 153, +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 月竹廿田 (BHTW), four-corner 44260, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1202, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36595
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1664, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3914, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8C93

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
貓-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mreːw, *mrew): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *mrew).

Ma Xulun suggested that was the original character of 貓.

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.

Onomatopoeic. Compare (miāo, “meow, the onomatopoeic cry of a cat”).

Schuessler (2007) minimally reconstructs Old Chinese *mau, reasoning that 's place among division II syllables results from its onomatopoeic nature instead of an Old Chinese medial *-r-; onomatopoeia is also responsible for the 陰平阴平 (yīnpíng) tone instead of the expected 陽平阳平 (yángpíng).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mao1 - vernacular;
  • miao2 - literary.
  • (Dungan)
    (Note: Dungan pronunciation is currently experimental and may be inaccurate.)
  • Cantonese
  • Note: miu4, maau4 - rare.
    Note:
    • mau4 - vernacular;
    • mieu4 - literary.
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note:
    • mê - vernacular;
    • miâu - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • mà - vernacular;
    • mièu - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • niau, bâ - vernacular;
    • bâu - literary.
    Note:
    • ngiao1 (Shantou) / ngiou1 (Chaozhou) - literary;
    • bha5 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • mau1 - vernacular;
    • miau1 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /mɑu⁵⁵/
    Harbin /mau⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /mɑu⁴⁵/
    Jinan /mɔ⁴²/
    /mɔ²¹³/ 瞧~兒
    Qingdao /mɔ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /mau⁴²/
    Xi'an /mau²⁴/
    Xining /mɔ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /mɔ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /mɔ³¹/
    Ürümqi /mɔ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /mau⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /mau⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /mao⁵⁵/
    Kunming /mɔ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /mɔo²⁴/
    Hefei /mɔ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /mau¹¹/
    Pingyao /mɔ¹³/
    Hohhot /mɔ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /mɔ²³/
    /mɔ⁵³/
    Suzhou /mæ¹³/
    Hangzhou /mɔ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /m̠uɔ³³/
    Hui Shexian /mɔ³¹/
    Tunxi /mən²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /miau³³/
    /mau³³/
    Xiangtan /maɯ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /mɑu⁴⁵/
    /miɛu⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /miau⁵³/
    Taoyuan /meu⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mau⁵⁵/
    Nanning /mau⁵⁵/
    /mɛu⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /mau⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bau³⁵/
    /niau⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ma⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /me³³/
    /miau³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiãu³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /va³¹/
    /niau³⁵/
    /niau²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (4) (4)
    Final () (92) (90)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () Chongniu III II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mˠiᴇu/ /mˠau/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mᵚiɛu/ /mᵚau/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miæu/ /mau/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /miaw/ /maɨw/
    Li
    Rong
    /mjɛu/ /mau/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭɛu/ /mau/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯ɛu/ /mau/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    miáo máo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    māo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ maew ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.mˁraw/
    English cat

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 9101 9109
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mreːw/ /*mrew/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. cat (Classifier: m c)
    2. (Mandarin, colloquial) to hide oneself
    3. (Mandarin, colloquial) to hang around; to stay somewhere doing nothing
    4. (Cantonese) to get drunk
    5. (Hokkien, Singapore Teochew) stingy; miserly
    6. (Zhangzhou Hokkien) lecherous; lascivious

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp.
    alternative forms

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Mandarin, colloquial) to bend
      /   ―  máoyāo  ―  to bend over; to stoop
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    trad.
    simp.

    Borrowed from English modem.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Mainland China, colloquial) modem

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): びょう (byō)
    • Kun: ねこ (neko, )

    Noun[edit]

    (ねこ) (neko (counter )

    1. Alternative form of (cat)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 고양이 (goyang-i myo))

    1. cat

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: miêu ((mi)(tiêu)(thiết))[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: mèo[1][2], miêu[4]

    1. Hán tự form of miêu (cat).

    References[edit]