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U+5BB5, 宵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BB5

[U+5BB4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BB6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

(radical 40, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十火月 (JFB), four-corner 30227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 286, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7168
  • Dae Jaweon: page 566, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 932, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5BB5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
宵-bronze.svg 宵-silk.svg 宵-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (91)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇu/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛu/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjæu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/siaw/
Li
Rong
/siɛu/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiāo
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjew ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ew/
English night, evening

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13740
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sew/

Definitions[edit]

  1. night, evening

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
よい
Grade: S
kun’yomi

⟨yo2pi1 → */jəpʲi//joɸi//jowi//joi/

From Old Japanese.

Appears to be derived from a compound, the initial yo is likely from a y- stem cognate with (, evening), while the final i is likely from (hi, day). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(よい) (yoi (historical kana よひ)

  1. the hours after sunset until midnight, collectively: dusk, evening, and night
    Synonyms: 初夜 (shoya), 夜間 (yakan), (yo, yoru)
  2. the eve of an event, especially of a festival
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: S
on’yomi

/seu//ɕeu//ɕoː/

From Middle Chinese (MC siᴇu).

Affix[edit]

(しょう) (shō (historical kana せう)

  1. night
  2. time after sunset until midnight
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(so) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer so)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Appears to be derived from a compound, the initial yo2 is likely from a y- stem cognate with (yupu, evening), while the final pi1 is likely from (pi1, day). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Noun[edit]

(yo2pi1) (kana よひ)

  1. the hours after sunset until midnight, collectively: dusk, evening, and night

Citations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:宵.

Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: (yoi)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiêu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.