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U+5BB5, 宵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BB5

[U+5BB4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BB6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

(radical 40, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十火月 (JFB), four-corner 30227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 286, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7168
  • Dae Jaweon: page 566, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 932, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5BB5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
宵-bronze.svg 宵-silk.svg 宵-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • siou1 - Chaozhou;
  • siao1 - Shantou, Jieyang, Chaoyang.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (91)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siᴇu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siɛu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sjæu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /siaw/
    Li
    Rong
    /siɛu/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭɛu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ɛu/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiāo
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    siu1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiāo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjew ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ew/
    English night, evening

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13740
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sew/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Classical Chinese) night, evening

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    よい
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    ⟨yo2pi1 → */jəpʲi//joɸi//jowi//joi/

    From Old Japanese.

    Appears to be derived from a compound, the initial yo is likely from a y- stem cognate with (, evening), while the final i is likely from (hi, day). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (よい) (yoiよひ (yofi)?

    1. the hours after sunset until midnight, collectively: dusk, evening, and night
      Synonyms: 初夜 (shoya), 夜間 (yakan), (yo, yoru)
    2. the eve of an event, especially of a festival
    Derived terms[edit]
    Proverbs[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しょう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    /seu//ɕeu//ɕoː/

    From Middle Chinese (MC siᴇu).

    Affix[edit]

    (しょう) (shōせう (seu)?

    1. night
    2. time after sunset until midnight
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC siᴇu). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: syo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (bam so))

    1. Hanja form? of (night).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Old Japanese[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Appears to be derived from a compound, the initial yo2 is likely from a y- stem cognate with (yupu, evening), while the final pi1 is likely from (pi1, day). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    Noun[edit]

    (yo2pi1) (kana よひ)

    1. the hours after sunset until midnight, collectively: dusk, evening, and night

    Citations[edit]

    For quotations using this term, see Citations:宵.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Coordinate terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Japanese: (yoi)

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: tiêu

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.