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U+524A, 削
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-524A

[U+5249]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+524B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 火月中弓 (FBLN), four-corner 92200, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 140, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2000
  • Dae Jaweon: page 317, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 341, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+524A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
削-silk.svg 削-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːw
*sreːw, *sew
*sreːw
*sreːw, *slewɢs
*sreːw
*sreːw, *sew
*sreːw
*sreːw
*sreːw
*sreːw
*sreːw, *sew
*sreːw, *sew
*sreːw
*sreːw, *sew
*sreːw, *sreːws
*sreːws
*sreːws, *sʰews, *sew
*sreːwɢs, *slew, *sreːwɢ
*sreːws
*sreːws
*sʰewʔ
*sʰews
*sʰews
*sʰews
*sʰews
*zews
*sew
*sew
*sew
*sew
*sew
*sew
*sew
*slew
*sew
*slew, *slews
*slewɢs
*l'ewʔ
*seːw, *sleːw
*seːw
*slewɢ
*sreːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *slewɢ): phonetic  (OC *slew, *slews) + semantic .

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • xiāo - vernacular (“to pare; to slice the ball”);
  • xuē/xuè - literary.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑu⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ɕiau⁴⁴/
    /ɕyɛ²¹³/
    /ɕyɛ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕiɑu²¹/
    /ɕye²¹/
    Jinan /ɕyə²¹³/
    Qingdao /syə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /syo²⁴/
    Xi'an /ɕyo²¹/
    Xining /ɕyu⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕye¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɕyə¹³/
    Ürümqi /ɕyɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɕio⁵⁵/ ~球
    /ɕio²¹³/ 剝~
    Chengdu /ɕye³¹/
    Guiyang /ɕie²¹/
    Kunming /ɕio³¹/
    Nanjing /sioʔ⁵/
    /syeʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ɕyɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕyaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕiaʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /siɑʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /ɕiɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ɕa²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕiɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /siu⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /sio²⁴/
    Xiangtan /sio²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiɔʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /siok̚¹/
    Taoyuan /siok̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sœk̚³/
    Nanning /ɬœk̚³³/
    Hong Kong /sœk̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔk̚³²/
    /siaʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siɛʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siɔ²⁴/
    /sia²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /siauʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tia⁵⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (107)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɨɐk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siɐk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /siɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sɨak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /siak̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭak̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ak̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xue
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiāo xiào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjak › ‹ sjewH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ewk/ /*[s]ewk-s/
    English scrape, pare scrape, pare

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13761
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*slewɢ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to pare with a knife; to peel with a knife; to scrape off the surface; to slice
    2. to divide; to split; to separate
    3. to weaken; to reduce; to cut down
    4. to delete; to remove; to cut out
    5. to rob; to expropriate; to plunder
    6. (table tennis) to slice (the ball)
    7. (ideophonic) steep (as if sliced); precipitous; sheer
    8. (ideophonic) emaciated; scraggy; slender
    9. (historical) writing knife
    10. (historical) thin slips of wood used for writing; letters

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Original form of (qiào, “sword sheath”).

    Pronunciation 3[edit]



    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sræwH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[sˁ]rewk-s/
    English zone near the capital

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (historical) fief within three hundred li from the state capital

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. plane, whittle

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (sak) (hangeul , revised sak, McCune–Reischauer sak)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tước, tược, tướt, tượt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.