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U+524A, 削
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-524A

[U+5249]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+524B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 火月中弓 (FBLN), four-corner 92200, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 140, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2000
  • Dae Jaweon: page 317, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 341, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+524A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Small seal script
削-silk.svg 削-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
sreːw
sreːw, *sew
sreːw
sreːw, *slewɢs
sreːw
sreːw, *sew
sreːw
sreːw
sreːw
sreːw
sreːw, *sew
sreːw, *sew
sreːw
sreːw, *sew
sreːw, *sreːws
sreːws
sreːws, *sʰews, *sew
sreːwɢs, *slew, *sreːwɢ
sreːws
sreːws
sʰewʔ
sʰews
sʰews
sʰews
sʰews
zews
sew
sew
sew
sew
sew
sew
sew
slew
sew
slew, *slews
slewɢs
l'ewʔ
seːw, *sleːw
seːw
slewɢ
sreːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *slewɢ): phonetic  (OC *slew, *slews) + semantic .

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • xiāo - vernacular (“to pare; to slice the ball”);
  • xuē/xuè - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑu⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕiau⁴⁴/
/ɕyɛ²¹³/
/ɕyɛ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiɑu²¹/
/ɕye²¹/
Jinan /ɕyə²¹³/
Qingdao /syə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /syo²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕyo²¹/
Xining /ɕyu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕye¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕyə¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕyɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕio⁵⁵/ ~球
/ɕio²¹³/ 剝~
Chengdu /ɕye³¹/
Guiyang /ɕie²¹/
Kunming /ɕio³¹/
Nanjing /sioʔ⁵/
/syeʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕyɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕyaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /siɑʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ɕa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /siu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /sio²⁴/
Xiangtan /sio²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /siok̚¹/
Taoyuan /siok̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sœk̚³/
Nanning /ɬœk̚³³/
Hong Kong /sœk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔk̚³²/
/siaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siɛʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siɔ²⁴/
/sia²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siauʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tia⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/siɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/siak̚/
Wang
Li
/sĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xue
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiāo xiào
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjak › ‹ sjewH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ewk/ /*[s]ewk-s/
English scrape, pare scrape, pare

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13761
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*slewɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to pare with a knife; to peel with a knife; to scrape off the surface; to slice
  2. to divide; to split; to separate
  3. to weaken; to reduce; to cut down
  4. to delete; to remove; to cut out
  5. to rob; to expropriate; to plunder
  6. (table tennis) to slice (the ball)
  7. (ideophonic) steep (as if sliced); precipitous; sheer
  8. (ideophonic) emaciated; scraggy; slender
  9. (historical) writing knife
  10. (historical) thin slips of wood used for writing; letters

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Original form of (“sword sheath”).

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shào
Middle
Chinese
‹ sræwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[sˤ]rewk-s/
English zone near the capital

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical) fief within three hundred li from the state capital

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. plane, whittle

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sak) (hangeul , revised sak, McCune-Reischauer sak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tước, tược, tướt, tượt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.