English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from scrapen Old Norse skrapa ( “ to scrape, scratch ” ) and Old English scrapian ( “ to scrape, scratch ” ), both from Proto-Germanic , *skrapōną *skrepaną ( “ to scrape, scratch ” ), from Proto-Indo-European *skreb- ( “ to engrave ” ). Cognate with Dutch schrapen ( “ to scrape ” ), schrappen ( “ to strike through; to cancel; to scrap ” ), schrabben ( “ to scratch ” ), German schrappen ( “ to scrape ” ), Danish skrabe ( “ to scrape ” ), Icelandic skrapa ( “ to scrape ” ), Walloon screper ( “ to scrape ” ), Latin scribō ( “ dig with a pen, draw, write ” ).
Pronunciation [ edit ]
scrape ( third-person singular simple present , scrapes present participle , scraping simple past and past participle )
( transitive, intransitive ) To draw (an object, especially a sharp or angular one), along (something) while exerting pressure.
She scraped the wooden plate with her fingernails.
( transitive ) To remove (something) by drawing an object along in this manner.
Scrape the chewing gum off with a knife.
( transitive ) To injure or damage by rubbing across a surface.
She tripped on a rock and scraped her knee.
( transitive ) To barely manage to achieve.
I scraped a pass in the exam.
( transitive ) To collect or gather, especially without regard to the quality of what is chosen.
Just use whatever you can scrape together.
( computing ) To extract data by automated means from a format not intended to be machine-readable, such as a screenshot or a formatted web page.
( intransitive ) To occupy oneself with getting laboriously.
He scraped and saved until he became rich. 1595 December 9 (first known performance), William Shakespeare, “ The life and death of King Richard the Second”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies ( First Folio), London: [ … ] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, , [Act V, scene iii]: OCLC 606515358 And he shall spend mine honour with his shame, As thriftless sons their scraping fathers' gold
( transitive, intransitive ) To play awkwardly and inharmoniously on a violin or similar instrument. To draw back the right foot along the ground or floor when making a bow.
To express disapprobation of (a play, etc.) or to silence (a speaker) by drawing the feet back and forth upon the floor; usually with down.
1841, Thomas Babington Macaulay, Warren Hastings
All the various kinds of interest which 80 strongly against the accused , that his friends belong to the near and to the distant , to the were coughed and scraped down.
Synonyms [ edit ]
Derived terms [ edit ]
terms derived from
Translations [ edit ]
draw an object along while exerting pressure
քերել (hy) ( kʿerel ) Bashkir:
ҡырыу ( qïrïw ), ышҡыу ( ïšqïw ) Belarusian:
скрэ́бці impf ( skrébci ) Bulgarian:
стържа (bg) ( stǎrža ), остъргвам (bg) ( ostǎrgvam ) Cebuano:
, kutkot kagis Chinese:
Mandarin: 刮 (zh) ( guā ), 擦 (zh) ( cā ), 刮削 (zh) ( guāxiāo ), 削 (zh) ( xiāo ) Czech:
škrábat impf Dutch:
schrapen (nl) Esperanto:
, kriipima , kraapima , kraapama kraapsima Finnish:
raaputtaa (fi) French:
gratter (fr) Galician:
, ripar , rapar , rafar raspiñar , (gl) , eslasar , adoxar raspar (gl) German:
abkratzen , (de) kratzen , (de) schaben , (de) scharren , (de) schrammen (de) Greek:
Ancient: ξύω ( xúō ) Higaonon:
kapar , (hu) vakar (hu) Icelandic:
grattare , (it) graffiare (it) Japanese:
削る (ja) ( けずる, kezuru ), 擦る (ja) ( こする, kosuru ) Korean: 긁다 (ko) ( geukda )
ᡴᠠᡵᡴᠠᠮᠪᡳ ( karkambi ) Maori:
, hākuku wharowharo Mongolian:
хусах (mn) ( khusakh ) Neapolitan:
grattà Old English:
skrobać (pl) , impf drapać (pl) Portuguese:
arranhar , (pt) raspar (pt) Romanian:
zgâria (ro) Russian:
скрести́ (ru) impf ( skrestí ), поскрести́ (ru) pf ( poskrestí ), цара́пать (ru) impf ( carápatʹ ), поцара́пать (ru) pf ( pocarápatʹ ), скря́бать (ru) impf ( skrjábatʹ ), поскря́бать pf ( poskrjábatʹ ) Slovak:
škrabať impf Spanish:
raspar (es) Telugu:
గీరు (te) ( gīru ) Tetum:
kazımak (tr) Ukrainian:
скребти́ impf ( skrebtý ) Vietnamese:
nạo , (vi) cạo , (vi) gọt , (vi) gạt , (vi) vét , (vi) nạo vét , (vi) quẹt (vi) Walloon:
screper , (wa) greter (wa) Western Bukidnon Manobo:
kaɣis ǃXóõ: ǁxàa
cause to be in a certain state by scraping
injure by scraping
, rabuñarse , aruñarse , esgarnancharse , gaduñarse , caritarse raspuñarse Italian:
, (please verify) graffiare (it) (please verify) sbucciarsi Portuguese:
ralar , (pt) esfolar (pt) Russian:
цара́пать (ru) impf ( carápatʹ ), поцара́пать (ru) pf ( pocarápatʹ ), оцара́пать (ru) pf ( ocarápatʹ ) Sanskrit:
रदति (sa) ( radati ) Spanish:
arañarse , (es) rasparse Vietnamese:
quẹt , (vi) cọ (vi) Walloon: , si digreter si dischaver , (wa) si screper (wa)
scrape ( , countable and uncountable plural )
broad, shallow injury left by scraping (rather than a cut or a scratch).
He fell on the sidewalk and got a scrape on his knee.
( slang ) A fight, especially a fistfight without weapons.
He got in a scrape with the school bully. An
awkward set of circumstances.
I'm in a bit of a scrape — I've no money to buy my wife a birthday present. 2020 December 2, “A life remembered: Stuart Baker”, in Rail, page 61: Stuart made us all laugh - his mischievous stories were told throughout his career and in later days featured some very senior politicians and railway managers. He certainly got into many scrapes over the years.
( Britain , slang ) A D and C or abortion; or, a miscarriage.
1972, in U.S. Senate Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws, Abuse of psychiatry for political repression in the Soviet Union. Hearing, Ninety-second Congress, second session, United States Government Printing Office, page 127,
It’s quite possible, in view of the diagnosis ‘danger of miscarriage’, that they might drag me off, give me a scrape and then say that the miscarriage began itself.
1980, John Cobb, Babyshock: A Mother’s First Five Years, Hutchinson, page 232,
In expert hands abortion nowadays is almost the same as having a scrape (D & C) and due to improved techniques such as suction termination, and improved lighter anaesthetic, most women feel no worse than having a tooth out.
1985, Beverley Raphael, The Anatomy of Bereavement: a handbook for the caring professions, Routledge, →ISBN, page 236,
The loss is significant to the woman and will be stated as such by her. For her it is not “nothing,” “just a scrape,” or “not a life.” It is the beginning of a baby. Years later, she may recall it not just as a miscarriage but also as a baby that was lost. 1999, David Jenkins, Listening to Gynaecological Patients\ Problems, Springer, →ISBN, page 16,
17.Have you had a scrape or curettage recently? A shallow
depression used by ground birds as a nest; a nest scrape.
1948, in Behaviour: An International Journal of Comparative Ethology, E. J. Brill, page 103,
We knew from U. Weidmann’s work (1956) that Black-headed Gulls could be prevented from laying by offering them eggs on the empty scrape veil before […]
2000, Charles A. Taylor, The Kingfisher Science Encyclopedia, Kingfisher Publications, →ISBN, page 85,
The plover lays its eggs in a scrape on the ground. ¶ […] ¶ Birds’ nests can be little more than a scrape in the ground or a delicate structure of plant material, mud, and saliva. 2006, Les Beletsky, Birds of the World, Johns Hopkins University Press, →ISBN, page 95,
Turkey females place their eggs in a shallow scrape in a hidden spot on the ground. Young are born ready to leave the nest and feed themselves (eating insects for their first few weeks).
( military ) A shallow pit dug as a hideout.
2014, Harry Turtledove, Hitler's War
In between rounds, he dug a scrape for himself with his entrenching tool.
( UK , slang ) A shave.
1945, Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire (page 66)
A'm goin to the barber's for a scrape.
( uncountable , UK , slang , obsolete ) Cheap butter. ( uncountable , UK , slang , obsolete ) Butter laid on bread in the thinnest possible manner, as though laid on and scraped off again.
Quotations [ edit ]
2001, Carolyn Cooke, The Bostons, Houghton Mifflin Books, →ISBN, page 172–173,
He could hear deer moo in the woods, smell their musk, spot a scrape in a birch tree twenty feet away. 2005, Dragan Vujic, Hunting Farm Country Whitetails, iUniverse, →ISBN, page 58,
Female whitetails periodically investigate scrapes created by specific bucks. As the doe approaches estrus and becomes receptive to breeding, she will urinate in a scrape as a sharp signal to the buck that she is ready for him.
Synonyms [ edit ]
( injury ) : abrasion, graze
( fight ) : altercation, brawl, fistfight, fight, fisticuffs, punch-up, scuffle
( awkward set of circumstances ) : bind, fix, mess, pickle See also Thesaurus:injury
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
awkward set of circumstances
References [ edit ]
( a shave; butter ) : 1873, John Camden Hotten, The Slang Dictionary
Anagrams [ edit ]
, CASREP , Casper , Pacers , Scaper , capers , crapes , e-scrap , escarp , pacers , parsec , recaps , scaper , secpar spacer