pula

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See also: Pula, pulă, pulã, and půla

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Tswana pula, Northern Sotho pula, and Sotho pula (rain), all from Proto-Bantu *mbúdà.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pula

  1. (Southern Africa) Rain, used as an expression of greeting or good luck.
  2. The currency of Botswana, divided into 100 thebe.

Anagrams[edit]

Bikol Central[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *pula.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pu‧la
  • IPA(key): /puˈla/, [puˈl̪a]

Adjective[edit]

pulá

  1. red

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pu‧la
  • IPA(key): /ˈpula/, [ˈpu.l̪a]

Noun[edit]

púla

  1. mute, a person unable to speak

Cebuano[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *pula.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pulá

  1. red

Noun[edit]

pulá

  1. red
  2. egg yolk

Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:pula.

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Vulgar Latin *pūbula, from Latin pūbes, or more likely from pulla, feminine of pullus. Compare Romanian pulă, Aromanian pulã, Catalan and Spanish polla.

Noun[edit]

pula f

  1. penis

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally an opening in the ice into which a man has fallen or may fall. Probably onomatopoetic imitating the associated sound of water, compare pulahtaa.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpulɑ/, [ˈpulɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ulɑ
  • Syllabification(key): pu‧la

Noun[edit]

pula

  1. shortage
  2. (economy) an economic crisis characterized by shortage of goods and/or means to buy them; a depression, slump
  3. urgent situation, trouble, scrape, pinch, deep water

Declension[edit]

Inflection of pula (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative pula pulat
genitive pulan pulien
partitive pulaa pulia
illative pulaan puliin
singular plural
nominative pula pulat
accusative nom. pula pulat
gen. pulan
genitive pulan pulien
pulainrare
partitive pulaa pulia
inessive pulassa pulissa
elative pulasta pulista
illative pulaan puliin
adessive pulalla pulilla
ablative pulalta pulilta
allative pulalle pulille
essive pulana pulina
translative pulaksi puliksi
abessive pulatta pulitta
instructive pulin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of pula (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative pulani pulani
accusative nom. pulani pulani
gen. pulani
genitive pulani pulieni
pulainirare
partitive pulaani puliani
inessive pulassani pulissani
elative pulastani pulistani
illative pulaani puliini
adessive pulallani pulillani
ablative pulaltani puliltani
allative pulalleni pulilleni
essive pulanani pulinani
translative pulakseni pulikseni
abessive pulattani pulittani
instructive
comitative pulineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative pulasi pulasi
accusative nom. pulasi pulasi
gen. pulasi
genitive pulasi puliesi
pulaisirare
partitive pulaasi puliasi
inessive pulassasi pulissasi
elative pulastasi pulistasi
illative pulaasi puliisi
adessive pulallasi pulillasi
ablative pulaltasi puliltasi
allative pulallesi pulillesi
essive pulanasi pulinasi
translative pulaksesi puliksesi
abessive pulattasi pulittasi
instructive
comitative pulinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative pulamme pulamme
accusative nom. pulamme pulamme
gen. pulamme
genitive pulamme puliemme
pulaimmerare
partitive pulaamme puliamme
inessive pulassamme pulissamme
elative pulastamme pulistamme
illative pulaamme puliimme
adessive pulallamme pulillamme
ablative pulaltamme puliltamme
allative pulallemme pulillemme
essive pulanamme pulinamme
translative pulaksemme puliksemme
abessive pulattamme pulittamme
instructive
comitative pulinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative pulanne pulanne
accusative nom. pulanne pulanne
gen. pulanne
genitive pulanne pulienne
pulainnerare
partitive pulaanne pulianne
inessive pulassanne pulissanne
elative pulastanne pulistanne
illative pulaanne puliinne
adessive pulallanne pulillanne
ablative pulaltanne puliltanne
allative pulallenne pulillenne
essive pulananne pulinanne
translative pulaksenne puliksenne
abessive pulattanne pulittanne
instructive
comitative pulinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative pulansa pulansa
accusative nom. pulansa pulansa
gen. pulansa
genitive pulansa puliensa
pulainsarare
partitive pulaansa puliaan
puliansa
inessive pulassaan
pulassansa
pulissaan
pulissansa
elative pulastaan
pulastansa
pulistaan
pulistansa
illative pulaansa puliinsa
adessive pulallaan
pulallansa
pulillaan
pulillansa
ablative pulaltaan
pulaltansa
puliltaan
puliltansa
allative pulalleen
pulallensa
pulilleen
pulillensa
essive pulanaan
pulanansa
pulinaan
pulinansa
translative pulakseen
pulaksensa
pulikseen
puliksensa
abessive pulattaan
pulattansa
pulittaan
pulittansa
instructive
comitative pulineen
pulinensa

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

pula

  1. inflection of pulir:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative
  2. inflection of pular:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Indonesian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

pula

  1. also

Synonyms[edit]

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpu.la/
  • Rhymes: -ula
  • Hyphenation: pù‧la

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin āplūda.

Noun[edit]

pula f (plural pule)

  1. chaff

Etymology 2[edit]

From a regional form of Italian polizia, that is pulizia.

Noun[edit]

pula

  1. (slang) the police, the fuzz, the cops
    Synonym: polizia

Anagrams[edit]

Maguindanao[edit]

Noun[edit]

pula

  1. paddle

Malay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • pulak (dialectal, colloquial)

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

pula (Jawi spellingڤولا⁩)

  1. in turn (having a relationship sequentially comparable to one just mentioned; accordingly or similarly; with respect to sequence, precedence, or hierarchy)
    • 2018 August 14, Mohamad Asyramisyanie, “39 pasukan bakal berentap [39 teams bound to compete]”, in Media Permata[2], archived from the original on 30 October 2018:
      Bagi Kumpulan C pula akan disertai oleh Pasukan BSRC Veteran, PSJD, Rimba Star, IV Team (DST) dan Azadi FT. Dalam Kumpulan D pula akan disertai oleh Pasukan ITF, Manggis FC, SM FC, Mengelela FC dan PMS.
      Group C, in turn, will be joined by BSRC Veteran Team, PSJD, Rimba Star, IV Team (DST) and Azadi FT, while Group D, in turn, will be joined by ITF Team, Manggis FC, SM FC, Mengelela FC and PMS.

Further reading[edit]

Northern Sotho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mbúdà.

Noun[edit]

pula

  1. rain

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

pula (present tense puler, past tense pulte, past participle pult, passive infinitive pulast, present participle pulande, imperative pul)

  1. Alternative form of pule

Pipil[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish plátano (plantain).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pula (plural pujpula)

  1. plantain
    Asi se siwat wan se takat kiwikat se pula tishkal
    A woman and a man arrived and brought roasted plantain

Pitjantjatjara[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

pula (third person dual, accusative pulanya, possessive/purposive pulampa, locative pulala)

  1. they two

Related terms[edit]

Pitjantjatjara personal pronouns (nominative case)
Singular Dual Plural
First person ngayulu (I)
Bound form: -ṉa
ngali (we two)
Bound form: -li
nganaṉa (we, more than two)
Bound form: -la
Second person nyuntu (you)
Bound form: -n
nyupali (you two) nyura (you, more than two)
Third person paluṟu (he/she/it) pula (they two) tjana (they, more than two)
Bound form: -ya

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French poule.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pula f

  1. pool (supply of resources)
  2. stake (wager or pledge)
  3. (card games) pool, stakes, the pot (money available to be won)
    Synonym: stawka

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pula in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • pula in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pu‧la

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

pula m (plural pulas)

  1. pula (the currency of Botswana)

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

pula

  1. inflection of pular:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative
  2. inflection of polir:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Definite form of pulă, probably from Latin pulla, feminine of pullus (offspring, child, cub, chick, etc.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

pula

  1. (vulgar, intensifies adjectives) fucking
    Sunt obosit în pula mea!
    I'm fucking tired!

Interjection[edit]

pula

  1. (vulgar, slang) bullshit! (expression of disbelief)
    E ușor, pula!
    It's easy, bullshit!

Noun[edit]

pula

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of pulă

Romansch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

pula f (plural pulas)

  1. (Surmiran) butterfly, moth
Alternative forms[edit]
  • bella (Sursilvan)
  • bula (Sursilvan, Sutsilvan)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin pulla (hen).

Noun[edit]

pula f (plural pulas)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sutsilvan, Surmiran) hen
Synonyms[edit]

Sotho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mbúdà.

Noun[edit]

pula class 9/10 (plural lipula)

  1. rain

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

pula

  1. inflection of pulir:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From dialectal pula (work, toil, pound, hit, have sex, mate, and more). Compare Danish pule, Icelandic púla. Perhaps the same word as Middle Low German pulen (extricate with the fingers), and cognate with Old English pullian (to pluck, pull). See also pulla (finger).

Verb[edit]

pula (present pular, preterite pulade, supine pulat, imperative pula)

  1. (colloquial) to tinker, to potter
    Synonyms: påta, pyssla
  2. (with a particle like ner (down) or in (in)) to stuff (press, compressing or scrunching)
    Han pulade ner papperslappen i fickan
    He stuffed the piece of paper into his pocket
  3. (colloquial, regional) to rub snow in someone's face
    Synonyms: snöpula, mula

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *pula. Compare Aklanon puea and Asi puya.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pu‧la
  • IPA(key): /puˈla/, [pʊˈla]

Noun[edit]

pulá (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜓᜎ)

  1. (color) red

Adjective[edit]

pulá (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜓᜎ)

  1. (color) red

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Tagalog · kulay (layout · text)
     puti      abo, gris      itim
             pula; krimson, pulang-pula              kahel; kayumanggi              dilaw; krema
             kulay-dayap              lungti, lungtian, berde             
             turkesa              bughaw-langit, asul              bughaw, asul
             lila, biyoleta; nila, tayom              mahenta; ube, morado, haban, purpura              rosas, kalimbahin

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pu‧la
  • IPA(key): /ˈpulaʔ/, [ˈpu.lɐʔ]

Noun[edit]

pulà (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜓᜎ)

  1. adverse criticism; act of finding fault with another
    Synonyms: pintas, pamimintas, pista, pamimista
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Tausug[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *pula.

Adjective[edit]

pula

  1. red

Tswana[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mbúdà.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pula class 9/10 (plural dipula)

  1. rain
  2. pula (currency)
  3. a popular toast

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

pula

  1. genitive singular of pul

Waray-Waray[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *pula.

Adjective[edit]

pulá

  1. red

West Makian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

pula

  1. (ditransitive) to give
    Synonym: pi
  2. (ditransitive) to sell
    Synonym: pi

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of pula (action verb)
singular plural
inclusive exclusive
1st person topula mopula apula
2nd person nopula fopula
3rd person inanimate ipula dopula
animate
imperative nupula, pula fupula, pula

References[edit]

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[3], Pacific linguistics

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

-pula?

  1. (transitive) to rinse
    Synonyms: -hlambulula, -pulusha

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.