ngali

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Gamilaraay[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central New South Wales *ngali, from Proto-Pama-Nyungan *ngali.

Pronoun[edit]

ngali

  1. We two (first person dual pronoun)

References[edit]

  • Barry Alpher Proto-Pama-Nyungan etyma, in Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method, edited by Claire Bowern and Harold Koch (Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2004)
  • Peter Austin, A Reference Dictionary of Gamilaraay, northern New South Wales (1993)

Guugu Yimidhirr[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Pama-Nyungan *ngali.

Pronoun[edit]

ngali

  1. We two, you and I (first person dual inclusive pronoun)

Usage notes[edit]

Most modern speakers no longer make a distinction between inclusive and exclusive pronouns, instead using ngali for both "you and I" and "he/she and I".

References[edit]

  • Barry Alpher Proto-Pama-Nyungan etyma, in Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method, edited by Claire Bowern and Harold Koch (Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2004)
  • Haviland, John B. 1979. ‘Guugu Yimidhirr Sketch Grammar’. R. M. W. Dixon, B. Blake (eds.) Handbook of Australian Languages, Vol I.

Martuthunira[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Ngayarda *ngali, from Proto-Pama-Nyungan *ngali.

Pronoun[edit]

ngali

  1. We two, you and I (first person dual inclusive pronoun)

References[edit]

  • Barry Alpher Proto-Pama-Nyungan etyma, in Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method, edited by Claire Bowern and Harold Koch (Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2004)
  • Dench, Alan Charles. 1995. Martuthunira: A Language of the Pilbara Region of Western Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. Series C-125.

Pitjantjatjara[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ngali (first person dual, accusative ngalinya, possessive/purposive ngalimpa, locative ngalila)

  1. we two

Related terms[edit]

Pitjantjatjara personal pronouns (nominative case)
Singular Dual Plural
First person ngayulu (I)
Bound form: -ṉa
ngali (we two)
Bound form: -li
nganaṉa (we, more than two)
Bound form: -la
Second person nyuntu (you)
Bound form: -n
nyupali (you two) nyura (you, more than two)
Third person paluṟu (he/she/it) pula (they two) tjana (they, more than two)
Bound form: -ya