puna

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Puna, puña, and puñá

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish puna, from Quechua puna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

puna (plural punas)

  1. An alpine biological community in the central portion of the Andes in which short, coarse grass supports a Native American population.
    • 2009, M. Hermann and T. Bernet, The transition of maca from neglect to market prominence, page 18:
      The overwhelming majority of maca roots are dried after harvest. In the cold, dry atmosphere of the puna the dried roots remain edible for several years. A minor proportion of the freshly harvested roots are roasted in huatias, earthen ovens []

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Cavineña[edit]

Noun[edit]

puna

  1. root of epuna

References[edit]

  • Antoine Guillaume, A Grammar of Cavineña (2008, →ISBN

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From puni +‎ -a.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpuna]
  • Rhymes: -una
  • Hyphenation: pu‧na

Adjective[edit]

puna (accusative singular punan, plural punaj, accusative plural punajn)

  1. Of or relating to punishment; punitive
    punaj metodoj; puna ekspedicio
    punitive methods, expedition

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *puna. Cognate to Finnish puna.

Noun[edit]

puna (genitive puna, partitive puna)

  1. the colour red

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *puna, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *puna (color, hair). Cognate with Erzya пона (pona, hair).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpunɑ/, [ˈpunɑ]
  • Rhymes: -unɑ
  • Syllabification(key): pu‧na

Noun[edit]

puna

  1. The color red.
    Synonym: ruso

Declension[edit]

Inflection of puna (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative puna punat
genitive punan punien
partitive punaa punia
illative punaan puniin
singular plural
nominative puna punat
accusative nom. puna punat
gen. punan
genitive punan punien
punainrare
partitive punaa punia
inessive punassa punissa
elative punasta punista
illative punaan puniin
adessive punalla punilla
ablative punalta punilta
allative punalle punille
essive punana punina
translative punaksi puniksi
instructive punin
abessive punatta punitta
comitative punineen
Possessive forms of puna (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person punani punamme
2nd person punasi punanne
3rd person punansa

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

puna f (plural punas)

  1. puna

Further reading[edit]


Hawaiian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

puna

  1. spring (water source)
  2. coral, lime, plaster
  3. spoon
    Aia i hea ke puna kāwili?Where is the stirring spoon?

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *puna. Cognates include Finnish puna and Estonian puna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

puna

  1. (in compounds) red

Declension[edit]

Declension of puna (type 3/kana, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative puna punat
genitive punan punnoin
partitive punnaa punoja
illative punnaa punnoi
inessive punas punois
elative punast punoist
allative punalle punoille
adessive punal punoil
ablative punalt punoilt
translative punaks punoiks
essive punanna, punnaan punoinna, punnoin
exessive1) punant punoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 441

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Particle[edit]

puna

  1. again

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pu‧na

Verb[edit]

puna

  1. inflection of punir:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Quechua[edit]

Not to be confused with phuña

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

puna

  1. lofty region, elevated cold plains
  2. Andean altitude between 4,000m and 5,000m

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Spanish: puna
    • English: puna

See also[edit]


Sakizaya[edit]

Noun[edit]

puna

  1. belly button

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

puna

  1. inflection of pun:
    1. feminine nominative/vocative singular
    2. indefinite masculine/neuter genitive singular
    3. indefinite animate masculine accusative singular
    4. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpuna/ [ˈpu.na]
  • Rhymes: -una
  • Hyphenation: pu‧na

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Quechua puna.

Noun[edit]

puna f (plural punas)

  1. (Latin America) puna, Andean plateau
  2. (Latin America) altitude sickness
  3. (Latin America) Cold mountain wind
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

puna

  1. inflection of punir:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ponaobsolete, Abecedario orthography

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pu‧na
  • IPA(key): /puˈna/, [pʊˈna]

Noun[edit]

puná (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜓᜈ)

  1. notice; observation; noticing
    Synonyms: obserbasyon, pansin, reparo
  2. remark; comment
    Synonyms: komentaryo, pansin
  3. adverse criticism; objection; criticism
    Synonyms: kritika, pintas, tutol

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *puna.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Luuditsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈpunɑ/, [ˈpunɑ]
  • Rhymes: -unɑ
  • Hyphenation: pu‧na

Noun[edit]

puna

  1. red (colour)

Inflection[edit]

Declension of puna (type V/poikõ, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative puna
genitive puna
partitive punna
illative punna, punnasõ
inessive punaz
elative punassõ
allative punalõ
adessive punallõ
ablative punaltõ
translative punassi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • V. Hallap, E. Adler, S. Grünberg, M. Leppik (2012) Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language]‎[1], 2 edition, Tallinn

Warlpiri[edit]

Noun[edit]

puna

  1. ash