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See also: Abrasion and abrasión



First attested in 1656. From French abrasion (attested since 1611), from Medieval Latin abrasio (a scraping), from abrādō (scrape off). See also abrade.


  • (US) IPA(key): /əˈbɹeɪ.ʒn̩/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪʒən


abrasion (countable and uncountable, plural abrasions)

  1. The act of abrading, wearing, or rubbing off; the wearing away by friction. [First attested in the mid 17th century.][1]
  2. (obsolete) The substance thus rubbed off; debris. [First attested in the mid 18th century.][1]
  3. (geology) The effect of mechanical erosion of rock, especially a river bed, by rock fragments scratching and scraping it. [First attested in the mid 19th century.][1]
  4. An abraded, scraped, or worn area. [First attested in the mid 20th century.][1]
  5. (medicine) A superficial wound caused by scraping; an area of skin where the cells on the surface have been scraped or worn away. [First attested in the mid 20th century.][1]
  6. (dentistry) The wearing away of the surface of the tooth by chewing.


Related terms[edit]


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See also[edit]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 “abrasion” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 7.




abrasion f (plural abrasions)

  1. abrasion.

Further reading[edit]