abrasion

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in 1656. From French abrasion (attested since 1611), from Medieval Latin abrasio (a scraping), from abrādō (scrape off). See also abrade.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abrasion (plural abrasions)

  1. The act of abrading, wearing, or rubbing off; the wearing away by friction. [First attested in the mid 17th century.][1]
  2. (obsolete) The substance thus rubbed off; debris. [First attested in the mid 18th century.][1]
  3. (geology) The effect of mechanical erosion of rock, especially a river bed, by rock fragments scratching and scraping it. [First attested in the mid 19th century.][1]
  4. An abraded, scraped, or worn area. [First attested in the mid 20th century.][1]
  5. (medicine) A superficial wound caused by scraping; an area of skin where the cells on the surface have been scraped or worn away. [First attested in the mid 20th century.][1]
  6. (dentistry) The wearing away of the surface of the tooth by chewing.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 7

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

abrasion f (plural abrasions)

  1. abrasion.

Anagrams[edit]