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- (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /əˈbɹeɪd/
Audio (Southern England) (file)
- Rhymes: -eɪd
- (transitive) To rub or wear off; erode. [First attested in the late 17th century.]
- 2022 September 15, “NASA’s Perseverance Rover Investigates Geologically Rich Mars Terrain”, in Sean Potter, editor, NASA.gov, archived from the original on 15 September 2022:
- “Wildcat Ridge” is the name given to a rock about 3 feet (1 meter) wide that likely formed billions of years ago as mud and fine sand settled in an evaporating saltwater lake. On July 20, the rover abraded some of the surface of Wildcat Ridge so it could analyze the area with the instrument called Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman & Luminescence for Organics & Chemicals, or SHERLOC.
- (transitive) To wear down or exhaust, as a person; irritate. [First attested in the mid 18th century.]
- (transitive) To irritate by rubbing; chafe. [First attested in the mid 18th century.]
- (transitive) To cause the surface to become more rough.
- (intransitive) To undergo abrasion.
(transitive) to rub or wear off; to waste or wear away by friction
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
- (transitive) Obsolete spelling of
- Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “abrade”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 7.