kratzen

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Kratzen

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German kratzen, from Old High German krazzōn, chrazzōn, from Proto-Germanic *krattōną, from Proto-Indo-European *gred- (compare Albanian gërresë (rasp, scraper)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkʁat͡sn̩/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: krat‧zen

Verb[edit]

kratzen (weak, third-person singular present kratzt, past tense kratzte, past participle gekratzt, auxiliary haben)

  1. to scratch (rub a surface with a sharp, pointy rough object, especially to remove itching)
    1. to produce a noise by scratching
      Die Nadel kratzt über die Schallplatte.The needle shrieks on the vinyl.
  2. to scratch, to be scratchy or itchy (to cause itching)
    Mein Pullover kratzt.My sweater is itchy.
    Synonyms: schrappen, schrammen, schaben
  3. to scratch (mark a surface with a sharp object)
    1. to remove by scratching
      Eis von der Scheibe kratzento scratch ice off the window
  4. (colloquial, chiefly in the negative) to annoy, to bother
    Das kratzt mich nicht.I don't care. (literally, “That doesn't bother me.”)
  5. (slang) to jack, mooch, steal

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • kratzen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • kratzen” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • kratzen” in Duden online
  • kratzen” in OpenThesaurus.de