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See also:
U+522E, 刮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-522E

[U+522D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+522F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹口中弓 (HRLN), four-corner 22600, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 138, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1943
  • Dae Jaweon: page 314, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 335, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+522E

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰroːds, *qʰroːds, *ɡroːd
*ɡroːds
*kroːd
*kroːd, *koːd
*kroːd, *kʰroːd
*ɡroːd, *ɦbljed
*ɡroːd, *ɡoːd
*ɡroːd, *koːd
*koːd
*koːd, *ɡoːd
*koːd, *kʰoːd
*koːd, *l̥ʰeːmʔ
*koːd, *ɡoːd
*koːd
*koːd
*koːd, *slem, *l̥ʰeːmʔ
*koːd
*koːd
*koːd, *kʰoːd
*koːd
*kʰoːd
*kʰoːd
*ɡoːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːd): phonetic 𠯑 (OC *ɡroːd) + semantic  (knife).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • koat - literary;
  • koah - vernacular;
  • kuih/koeh - vernacular (俗);
  • khe/khoe - 磎 is used in the Mainland.
Note:
  • guah4 - equivalent to ;
  • huah4 - dialectal ("to sharpen").
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kua˥˥/
    Harbin /kua˨˩˧/ ~風
    /kʰua˦˦/ ~鬍子
    Tianjin /kuɑ˩˧/
    Jinan /kua˨˩˧/
    /kʰua˨˩˧/ ~臉
    Qingdao /kua˥˥/ ~風
    /kʰua˥˥/ ~臉
    Zhengzhou /kua˨˦/
    Xi'an /kua˨˩/
    Xining /kua˦˦/
    Yinchuan /kua˩˧/
    Lanzhou /kua˩˧/
    Ürümqi /kua˨˩˧/
    Wuhan /kua˨˩˧/
    Chengdu /kua˧˩/
    Guiyang /kua˨˩/
    Kunming /kua̠˧˩/
    Nanjing /kuɑʔ˥/
    Hefei /kuɐʔ˥/
    Jin Taiyuan /kuaʔ˨/
    Pingyao /kuʌʔ˩˧/ ~風
    /kuɑ˩˧/ ~鬍子
    Hohhot /kuaʔ˦˧/ ~風
    /kua˧˩/ 耳~子
    Wu Shanghai /kuaʔ˥/
    Suzhou /kuaʔ˥/
    Hangzhou /kuɑʔ˥/
    Wenzhou /ko˨˩˧/
    Hui Shexian /kuaʔ˨˩/
    Tunxi /kuːə˥/
    Xiang Changsha /kua˨˦/
    Xiangtan /kuɒ˨˦/
    Gan Nanchang /kuaʔ˥/
    Hakka Meixian /kuat̚˩/
    Taoyuan /kuɑt̚˨˨/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kwat̚˧/
    Nanning /kʷat̚˧˧/
    Hong Kong /kwat̚˧/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kuat̚˧˨/
    /kuaʔ˧˨/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɑʔ˨˧/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kua˨˦/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kuaʔ˨/
    /kueʔ˨/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kuak̚˥/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (72)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠuat̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷᵚat̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɐt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwaɨt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuat̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kwat̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwăt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gua
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guā
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwæt ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[kʷˁ]r[a]t/
    English scrape (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7559
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kroːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to shave; to pare off; to scrape
      小心 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
      m4 siu2 sam1 bei2 di1 je5 gwaat3 can1 [Jyutping]
      to accidentally scrape oneself on something
    2. Alternative form of (guā, “to blow”).
    3. to wipe; to wipe clean
    4. to plunder; to extort
    5. (colloquial) to reprimand; to scold

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to blow”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gwal) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.