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See also:
U+522E, 刮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-522E

[U+522D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+522F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹口中弓 (HRLN), four-corner 22600, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • KangXi: page 138, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1943
  • Dae Jaweon: page 314, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 335, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+522E

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːd): phonetic 𠯑 (OC *ɡroːd) + semantic  (knife).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠜜

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • koat - literary;
  • koah - vernacular;
  • kuih/koeh - vernacular (俗);
  • khe/khoe - 磎 is used in the Mainland.
Note:
  • guah4 - equivalent to ;
  • huah4 - dialectal ("to sharpen").
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kua⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kua²¹³/ ~風
    /kʰua⁴⁴/ ~鬍子
    Tianjin /kuɑ¹³/
    Jinan /kua²¹³/
    /kʰua²¹³/ ~臉
    Qingdao /kua⁵⁵/ ~風
    /kʰua⁵⁵/ ~臉
    Zhengzhou /kua²⁴/
    Xi'an /kua²¹/
    Xining /kua⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kua¹³/
    Lanzhou /kua¹³/
    Ürümqi /kua²¹³/
    Wuhan /kua²¹³/
    Chengdu /kua³¹/
    Guiyang /kua²¹/
    Kunming /kua̠³¹/
    Nanjing /kuɑʔ⁵/
    Hefei /kuɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /kuaʔ²/
    Pingyao /kuʌʔ¹³/ ~風
    /kuɑ¹³/ ~鬍子
    Hohhot /kuaʔ⁴³/ ~風
    /kua³¹/ 耳~子
    Wu Shanghai /kuaʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /kuaʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /kuɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ko²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /kuaʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /kuːə⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /kua²⁴/
    Xiangtan /kuɒ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /kuaʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kuat̚¹/
    Taoyuan /kuɑt̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kwat̚³/
    Nanning /kʷat̚³³/
    Hong Kong /kwat̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kuat̚³²/
    /kuaʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɑʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kua²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kuaʔ²/
    /kueʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kuak̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (72)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠuat̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷᵚat̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɐt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwaɨt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuat̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kwat̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwăt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gua
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guā
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwæt ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[kʷˁ]r[a]t/
    English scrape (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7559
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kroːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to shave; to pare off; to scrape
      小心 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
      m4 siu2 sam1 bei2 di1 je5 gwaat3 can1 [Jyutping]
      to accidentally scrape oneself on something
    2. Alternative form of (guā, “to blow”).
    3. to wipe; to sweep
    4. to plunder; to extort
    5. (colloquial) to reprimand; to scold

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to blow”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC kˠuat̚).

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 깎을 (kkakkeul gwal))

    1. Hanja form? of (to cut; to shave; to peel).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: quát[2][1][3]
    : Nôm readings: quát[1][3][4]

    1. Hán tự form of quát (to scrape off; to pare; to make thin).
    2. Nôm form of quát (to shout; to storm; to yell).

    References[edit]