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U+820C, 舌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-820C

[U+820B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+820D]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
舌-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 135 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹十口 (HJR), four-corner 20604, composition (GJK) or ⿱ (TV))

  1. Kangxi radical #135, (tongue).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1006, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30277
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1463, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2941, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+820C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
舌-oracle.svg 舌-bigseal.svg 舌-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sled
*ɡroːd, *ɦbljed

Pictogram (象形) – a forked tongue emerging upwards from a mouth ().

Etymology 1[edit]

From (OC *ɦljeʔ, “to lick”) + *-t (nominal suffix for natural objects), literally “licker” (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chi̍h - vernacular;
  • sia̍t - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (27)
Final () (81)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑiᴇt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑiɛt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑjæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑiat̚/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭɛt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯ɛt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shé
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shé
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyet ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə.lat/
English tongue

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 11220
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦbljed/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) tongue
  2. tongue-shaped object
  3. clapper of a bell
  4. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 舌頭 (“tongue”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 舌頭
Mandarin Beijing 舌頭
Taiwan 舌頭
Harbin 舌頭
Shenyang 舌頭
Jinan 舌頭
Muping 舌頭
Luoyang 舌頭
Jiedian 舌頭
Xi'an 舌頭
Xining 舌頭
Xuzhou 舌頭
Yinchuan 舌頭
Lanzhou 舌頭
Ürümqi 舌頭
Wuhan 舌頭賺頭
Chengdu 舌頭兒
Guiyang 舌頭
Guilin 舌頭
Liuzhou 脷錢
Kunming 舌頭
Yangzhou 舌頭
Nanjing 舌頭
Hefei 舌頭
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Yangjiang
Nanning 脷錢
Wuzhou
Yulin 脷錢
Hepu 脷錢
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang 舌頭
Lichuan
Pingxiang 舌頭舌子
Hakka Meixian 舌嫲
Xingning 舌嫲
Huidong 舌嫲
Qujiang 舌頭
Xiaosanjiang 舌嫲
Luchuan 脷錢
Changting 舌頭
Pingyu 舌嫲
Wuping 舌嫲
Liancheng 舌頭
Ninghua 舌頭
Yudu 舌頭舌刁
Ruijin 舌頭
Shicheng 舌咀
Shangyou 舌刁
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 舌嫲
Liudui (S. Sixian) 舌嫲
Hsinchu (Hailu) 舌嫲
Dongshi (Dabu) 舌嫲
Zhuolan (Raoping) 舌嫲
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong 舌嫲
Sabah 舌嫲
Senai 舌嫲
Singkawang 舌嫲
Huizhou Jixi 口舌
Jin Taiyuan 舌頭
Hohhot 舌頭
Xinzhou 舌頭
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou 喙舌
Fuqing 喙舌
Matsu 喙舌抹老
Min Nan Xiamen 舌仔
Quanzhou 舌仔
Zhangzhou 舌仔
Taipei 喙舌
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung 喙舌
Hsinchu 喙舌
Lukang
Sanxia 喙舌
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Pingnan 舌頭
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian 喙舌
Xianyou 喙舌
Pinghua Nanning 脷錢
Guilin 舌頭
Wu Shanghai 舌頭
Suzhou 舌頭
Hangzhou 舌頭
Wenzhou 口舌
Chongming 舌頭
Danyang 舌頭
Jinhua 口舌
Ningbo 舌頭
Xiang Changsha 舌子
Shuangfeng 舌子
Loudi 舌子
Quanzhou 舌子

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𠯑.
(This character, , is a variant form of 𠯑.)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. tongue
  2. reed of a woodwind (musical instrument)
  3. clapper of a bell

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
した
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana した, rōmaji shita)

  1. tongue

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seol) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sŏl, Yale sel)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thiệt, thịt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.