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U+820C, 舌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-820C

[U+820B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+820D]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
舌-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 135 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹十口 (HJR), four-corner 20604, composition (GJK) or ⿱ (TV))

  1. Kangxi radical #135, (tongue).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1006, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30277
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1463, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2941, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+820C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
舌-oracle.svg 舌-bigseal.svg 舌-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sled
*ɡroːd, *ɦbljed

Pictogram (象形), from a pictograph of a forked tongue emerging upwards from a mouth ().

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chi̍h - vernacular;
  • sia̍t - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (27)
Final () (72) (81)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠuat̚/ /ʑiᴇt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚat̚/ /ʑiɛt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɐt̚/ /ʑjæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaɨt̚/ /ʑiat̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣuat̚/ /d͡ʑiɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣwat̚/ /d͡ʑĭɛt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwăt̚/ /d͡ʑʰi̯ɛt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huá shé
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shé
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyet ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə.lat/
English tongue

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 7563 11220
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡroːd/ /*ɦbljed/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) tongue
  2. tongue-shaped object
  3. clapper of a bell

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 舌頭 (“tongue”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 舌頭
Mandarin Beijing 舌頭
Taiwan 舌頭
Jinan 舌頭
Xi'an 舌頭
Wuhan 舌頭賺頭
Chengdu 舌頭兒
Yangzhou 舌頭
Hefei 舌頭
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 舌頭
Hakka Meixian 舌嫲
Xingning 舌嫲
Huidong (Huizhou) 舌嫲
Qujiang 舌頭
Xiaosanjiang 舌嫲
Changting 舌頭
Pingyu 舌嫲
Wuping 舌嫲
Liancheng 舌頭
Ninghua 舌頭
Yudu 舌頭舌刁
Ruijin 舌頭
Shicheng 舌咀
Shangyou 舌刁
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 舌嫲
Liudui (S. Sixian) 舌嫲
Hsinchu (Hailu) 舌嫲
Dongshi (Dabu) 舌嫲
Zhuolan (Raoping) 舌嫲
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 舌頭
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou 喙舌
Min Nan Xiamen 舌仔
Quanzhou 舌仔
Zhangzhou 舌仔
Taipei 喙舌
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung 喙舌
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia 喙舌
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu 喙舌
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 舌頭
Wenzhou 口舌
Xiang Changsha 舌子
Shuangfeng 舌子

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. tongue
  2. reed of a woodwind (musical instrument)
  3. clapper of a bell

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
した
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana した, romaji shita)

  1. tongue

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seol) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sŏl, Yale sel)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thiệt, thịt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.