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U+820C, 舌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-820C

[U+820B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+820D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
舌-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 135 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹十口 (HJR), four-corner 20604, composition (GJK) or ⿱ (TV))

  1. Kangxi radical #135, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1006, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30277
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1463, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2941, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+820C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
舌-oracle.svg 舌-seal.svg 舌-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sled
*ɡroːd, *ɦbljed

Pictogram (象形) – a forked tongue emerging upwards from a mouth ().

Etymology 1[edit]

From (OC *ɦljeʔ, “to lick”) + *-t (nominal suffix for natural objects), literally “licker” (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chi̍h - vernacular;
  • sia̍t - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (27)
    Final () (81)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʑiᴇt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʑiɛt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʑjæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʑiat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ʑiɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ʑĭɛt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡ʑʰi̯ɛt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shé
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shé
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zyet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə.lat/
    English tongue

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 11220
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɦbljed/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) tongue
    2. tongue-shaped object
    3. clapper of a bell
    4. A surname​.
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of 舌頭 (“tongue”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 舌頭
    Mandarin Beijing 舌頭
    Taiwan 舌頭
    Harbin 舌頭
    Shenyang 舌頭
    Jinan 舌頭
    Muping 舌頭
    Luoyang 舌頭
    Jiedian 舌頭
    Xi'an 舌頭
    Xining 舌頭
    Xuzhou 舌頭
    Yinchuan 舌頭
    Lanzhou 舌頭
    Ürümqi 舌頭
    Wuhan 舌頭賺頭
    Chengdu 舌頭兒
    Guiyang 舌頭
    Guilin 舌頭
    Liuzhou 脷錢
    Kunming 舌頭
    Yangzhou 舌頭
    Nanjing 舌頭
    Hefei 舌頭
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Dongguan
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Nanning 脷錢
    Wuzhou
    Yulin 脷錢
    Hepu 脷錢
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang 舌頭
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang 舌頭舌子
    Hakka Meixian 舌嫲
    Xingning 舌嫲
    Huidong 舌嫲
    Qujiang 舌頭
    Xiaosanjiang 舌嫲
    Luchuan 脷錢
    Changting 舌頭
    Pingyu 舌嫲
    Wuping 舌嫲
    Liancheng 舌頭
    Ninghua 舌頭
    Yudu 舌頭舌刁
    Ruijin 舌頭
    Shicheng 舌咀
    Shangyou 舌刁
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 舌嫲
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 舌嫲
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 舌嫲
    Dongshi (Dabu) 舌嫲
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 舌嫲
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong 舌嫲
    Sabah 舌嫲
    Senai 舌嫲
    Singkawang 舌嫲
    Huizhou Jixi 口舌
    Jin Taiyuan 舌頭
    Xinzhou 舌頭
    Hohhot 舌頭
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou 喙舌
    Fuqing 喙舌
    Matsu 喙舌抹老
    Min Nan Xiamen 舌仔
    Quanzhou 舌仔
    Zhangzhou 舌仔
    Taipei 喙舌
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung 喙舌
    Hsinchu 喙舌
    Lukang
    Sanxia 喙舌
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Pingnan 舌頭
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian 喙舌
    Xianyou 喙舌
    Pinghua Nanning 脷錢
    Guilin 舌頭
    Wu Shanghai 舌頭
    Suzhou 舌頭
    Hangzhou 舌頭
    Wenzhou 口舌
    Chongming 舌頭
    Danyang 舌頭
    Jinhua 口舌
    Ningbo 舌頭
    Xiang Changsha 舌子
    Shuangfeng 舌子
    Loudi 舌子
    Quanzhou 舌子

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𠯑 (“to block the mouth”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of 𠯑.)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. tongue
    2. reed of a woodwind (musical instrument)
    3. clapper of a bell

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    した
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana した, rōmaji shita)

    1. tongue

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (seol) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sŏl, Yale sel)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thiệt, thịt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.