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See also:
U+681D, 栝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-681D

[U+681C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+681E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 75, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 木竹十口 (DHJR), four-corner 42964, composition)

  1. a builder's frame for measuring

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 522, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14706
  • Dae Jaweon: page 910, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1200, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+681D

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːd, *l̥ʰeːmʔ): semantic (tree; wood) + phonetic 𠯑 (OC *ɡroːd).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (64)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwat̚/
Li
Rong
/kuɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/kuɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gut3
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 7570
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːd/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Synonym of (guì, “Chinese juniper”).
  2. rear end of an arrow; nock
    alt. forms:
  3. tool for straightening wood
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːd, *l̥ʰeːmʔ): semantic (tree; wood) + abbreviated phonetic (OC *l'iːm).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (6)
Final () (157)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰemX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰemX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɛmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɛmX/
Li
Rong
/tʰemX/
Wang
Li
/tʰiemX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰiemX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tiǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
tim2
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 12403
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰeːmʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (obsolete) wooden stick; poker

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. builder's frame for measuring

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): てん (ten), かつ (katsu), かち (kachi)
  • Kun: たきぎ (takigi)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gwal) (hangeul , revised gwal, McCune–Reischauer kwal, Yale kwal)

  1. an aged [old] pine tree
  2. firewood