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U+77E2, 矢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-77E2

[U+77E1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+77E3]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
矢-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 111, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人大 (OK), four-corner 80430, composition𠂉 or ⿰丿)

  1. Kangxi radical #111, .

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 823, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23929
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1235, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2580, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+77E2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
矢-oracle.svg 矢-bronze.svg 矢-seal.svg 矢-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) - pictographic representation of an arrow. More recognizable in older forms.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d/s-ləj (bow (weapon); slingshot); cognate with Burmese လေး (le:, bow; crossbow), Mizo li (spring (as of gun, watch, etc.)) (STEDT).

has shifted its meaning from the weapon to the projectile by means of metonymy.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕˠiɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕᵚiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕjiX/
Li
Rong
/ɕjiX/
Wang
Li
/ɕiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǐ
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ syijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥i[j]ʔ/
English arrow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11504
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hliʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (archery, weaponry) arrow
  2. to vow; to swear
Synonyms[edit]
  • (arrow): (jiàn)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕˠiɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕᵚiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕjiX/
Li
Rong
/ɕjiX/
Wang
Li
/ɕiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǐ
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11504
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hliʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (shǐ, “excrement; poop”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. arrow

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Used in the Nihon Shoki (720 CE) as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨si⟩.

Alternative forms[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese. Found in the Kojiki of 712 CE, and in the Man'yōshū completed some time after 759 CE.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (ya

  1. (archery, weaponry) an arrow
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 3, poem 364), text here
      大夫(ますらを)()()(ずゑ)(ふり)(おこし)射都流(いつる)()()(のち)将見(みむ)(ひと)()(かたり)(つぐ)(がね) [Man'yōgana]
      ますらをの()(ずゑ)()(おこ)()つる()(のち)()(ひと)(かた)()がね [Modern spelling]
      masurao no yuzue furiokoshi itsuru ya o nochi mimu hito wa kataritsugu gane
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    (こう)(いん)()(ごと)し。
    Kōin ya no gotoshi.
    Shine and shadow, just like an arrow. → Time flies like an arrow.
  2. a wedge used to break hard objects such as wood or stone
  3. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with various designs of arrows
Derived terms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

() (Ya

  1. a place name

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[3]

Possibly cognate with Old Japanese-derived (sachi, a hunting implement) and Korean (sal, arrow).

This reading does not appear to be used in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (sa

  1. (obsolete) an arrow
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4430), text here
      阿良之乎乃(あらしをの)伊乎(いを)()太波佐美(たはさみ)牟可比多知(むかひたち)可奈流麻之都美(かなるましづみ)伊埿弖登阿我久流(いでてとあがくる) [Man'yōgana]
      (あら)()のいを()(はさ)(むか)()ちかなるましづみ()でてと()() [Modern spelling]
      arasi-wo no iwo-sa tapasami mukapi-tati kanaruma sidumi idete to a ga kuru
      (please add an English translation of this example)
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 3, poem 262), text here
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4430), text here: the (sa) in man'yōgana in the original is interpreted by Daijisen as this (sa).

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 화살 (hwasal si))

  1. Hanja form? of (arrow).

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thỉ, tẻ, thẻ, yêu, tử, tủ, , siệu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]

  • Nom Foundation
  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999