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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
矢-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
矢-oracle.svg 矢-bronze.svg 矢-bigseal.svg 矢-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) - pictographic representation of an arrow. More recognizable in older forms.

Han character[edit]

(radical 111 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人大 (OK), four-corner 80430, composition𠂉)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 823, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23929
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1235, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2580, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+77E2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (26)
Final: (17)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shǐ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕɣiɪX/ /ɕɯiX/ /ɕiɪX/ /ɕjiX/ /ɕjiX/ /ɕiX/ /ɕiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shǐ ‹ syijX › /*l̥i[j]ʔ/ arrow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11504 2 /*hliʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (weapon) arrow
  2. to vow, to swear

Synonyms[edit]

  • (arrow): (jiàn)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. arrow

Readings[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ya)

  1. arrow
    光陰 (こういん) () (ごと)し。
    Kōin ya no gotoshi.
    Shine and shadow, just like an arrow. → Time flies like an arrow.
Derived terms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(si)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: si, Yale: si)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thỉ, yêu, tử, tủ, , siệu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: thỉ, thẻ

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999