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U+65CF, 族
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65CF

[U+65CE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65D0]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
11 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 70, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸人人大 (YSOOK), four-corner 08234, composition𭤨)

Derived characters[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • KangXi: page 484, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13661
  • Dae Jaweon: page 846, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2181, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65CF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (flag) +  (arrow).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡su³⁵/
Harbin /t͡su²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡su⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡su⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡su⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sou²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰu¹³/
/t͡su¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡sʰu¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰu⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰəu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
/t͡sʰu³¹/
/t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡sʰu³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰuʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡sʰuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zoʔ¹/
Suzhou /zoʔ³/
Hangzhou /zoʔ²/
Wenzhou /jɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰu²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰəu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚²/
Nanning /t͡suk̚²²/
Hong Kong /t͡suk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡su⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tok̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/d͡zuk̚/
Wang
Li
/d͡zuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˁok/
English clan

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17980
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zoːɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. clan; family clan; tribe
  2. ethnic group; nationality
  3. group or class of things with common features
  4. (historical) to impose a death penalty on an offender and his entire family, and even on the families of his mother and wife

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (zòu).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. tribe
  2. family

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぞく
Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC d͡zuk̚).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

(ぞく) (zoku

  1. (chemistry) a group (column in the periodic table)
  2. (taxonomy) a tribe

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC d͡zuk̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 𫞀/족〮 (Yale: cwok) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 겨레 (gyeore jok))

  1. Hanja form? of (clan; tribe; ethnic group).
  2. Hanja form? of (group or class of things with common features).
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 풍류 가락 (pungnyu garak ju))

  1. (archaic) Hanja form? of (to perform music).
  2. Alternative form of
Synonyms[edit]
  • (to perform music): ( (ju))

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: tộc ((tạc)(mộc)(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5]
: Nôm readings: tọc[3][6][4][5][7], tộc[1][2][4][7], sộc[3]

  1. Hán tự form of tộc (family name; clan).
  2. Nôm form of tọc (only used in certain compounds such as 族脈 (tọc mạch)).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]