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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  ‎(arrow)

Han character[edit]

(radical 70 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸人人大 (YSOOK), four-corner 08234, composition ⿸⿰𠂉)

  1. family clan, ethnic group, tribe

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 484, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13661
  • Dae Jaweon: page 846, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2181, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65CF

Compounds[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡su³⁵/
Harbin /t͡su²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡su⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡su⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡su⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sou²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰu¹³/
/t͡su¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡sʰu¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰu⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰəu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
/t͡sʰu³¹/
/t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡sʰu³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰuʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡sʰuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zoʔ¹/
Suzhou /zoʔ³/
Hangzhou /zoʔ²/
Wenzhou /jɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰu²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰəu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚²/
Nanning /t͡suk̚²²/
Hong Kong /t͡suk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡su⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tok̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (15)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuk̚/ /d͡zʱuk̚/ /d͡zuk̚/ /d͡zuk̚/ /d͡zəwk̚/ /d͡zuk̚/ /d͡zuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dzuwk › /*[dz]ˤok/ clan

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17980 0 /*zoːɡ/ 甲文或從二矢,象令旗麾矢蔟集,爲蔟初文,說文訓鏃則與從方二矢脫節

Noun[edit]

  1. family clan, ethnic group, tribe

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. tribe
  2. family

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jok, ju) (hangeul , , revised jok, ju, McCune-Reischauer chok, chu, Yale cok, cwu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

Noun[edit]

(tộc)

  1. family, clan