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U+6EC5, 滅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6EC5

[U+6EC4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6EC6]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水戈竹火 (EIHF), four-corner 33150)

  1. extinguish
  2. die
  3. wipe out, eradicate, being eradicated

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 642, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18008
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1049, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1696, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6EC5

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
滅-oracle.svg 滅-bronze.svg 滅-bigseal.svg 滅-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*med
*med
*hmed
*smid
*smid
*smid

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *med): semantic (water) + phonetic (OC *hmed) – to destroy with water (extinguish, flood). 烕 also has sense of “destroy, extinguish”, hence further connotations of these.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /miɛ⁵¹/
Harbin /miɛ⁵³/
Tianjin /nie⁵³/
/mie⁵³/
Jinan /miə²¹/
Qingdao /miə⁴²/
/niə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /miɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /miɛ²¹/
Xining /mɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /nie¹³/
/mie¹³/
Lanzhou /miə¹³/
Ürümqi /miɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /mie²¹³/
Chengdu /mie³¹/
Guiyang /mie²¹/
Kunming /miɛ³¹/
Nanjing /mieʔ⁵/
Hefei /miɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /miəʔ²/
Pingyao /miʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /miaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /miɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /miəʔ³/
Hangzhou /miəʔ²/
Wenzhou /mi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /me²²/
Tunxi /miɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /mie²⁴/
Xiangtan /mie²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /miɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /met̚⁵/
Taoyuan /met̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mit̚²/
Nanning /mit̚²²/
Hong Kong /mit̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /biat̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /mieʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /miɛ⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /mik̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /mit̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (81)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/miᴇt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/miɛt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mjæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miat̚/
Li
Rong
/miɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/mĭɛt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ɛt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
miè
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
miè
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjiet ›
Old
Chinese
/*[m]et/
English destroy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13942
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*med/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to extinguish
  2. to turn off (light, lamp, etc.)
  3. to die
  4. to wipe out, to eradicate, being eradicated

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. destroy
  2. fall; collapse; be destroyed
  3. die; perish; disappear

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(myeol) (hangeul , revised myeol, McCune-Reischauer myŏl, Yale myel)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(diệt, dột, riết)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.