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U+8F49, 轉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8F49

[U+8F48]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8F4A]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 159, +11, 18 strokes, cangjie input 十十十戈戈 (JJJII), four-corner 55043, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1248, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38507
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1726, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3552, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8F49

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms Pron. 4 in Min Dong
Pron. 4 in Hokkien
"to return" in Hokkien

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Qin slip script Small seal script
轉-slip.svg 轉-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tonʔ, *tons): semantic (carriage) + phonetic (OC *tjon).

Etymology[edit]

Possibly related to:

An allofam is perhaps *don (“round”). Compare Vietnamese tròn (round; circle; entire; whole), trọn (fully; completely; all), as well as the following Chinese words:

  • (OC *doːn, “ball; circle; lump”),
  • (OC *doːn, *doːn, *donʔ, “to roll up into a ball”).

Derivative: (OC *tons, *don, *dons, “to relay; to pass on; to transfer; relay station; biography; record”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • tńg, túiⁿ - vernacular (“to return”);
  • choán - literary.
Note:
  • deng2 - vernacular (“to return”);
  • zuêng2/zuang2 - literary (zuêng2 - Chaozhou).
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (9)
    Final () (80)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈˠiuᴇnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈʷᵚiɛnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶiuænX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈwianX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶjuɛnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶĭwɛnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶi̯wɛnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhuǎn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhuǎn zhuǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ trjwenX › ‹ trjwenX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə-tronʔ/ /*tronʔ/
    English turn around, transfer 輾轉 toss and turn ((Ode 1.2, 145.3)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 17674
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tonʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (transitive) to turn; to revolve
    2. to wind; to entwine
    3. winding; circuitous
    4. to change; to shift; to alter
    5. to change direction; to turn
    6. (Southwestern Mandarin, dialectal Cantonese, Hakka, Min, Wu) to return; to come or go back
    7. (Wu) to think; to contemplate; to turn over in one's mind
    8. (Min Nan) to mediate; to reconcile
    9. (dialectal Mandarin) Classifier for times or round trips.
    10. to change position; to move
    11. to wave; to flutter
    12. to divert; to transfer
    13. to evade; to avoid
    14. to be transferred to another post
    15. to sell; to transfer the ownership
    16. to transport; to relay; to carry in a cart
    17. to discard; to abandon
    18. to leave; to depart
    19. to chant; to utter (spell); to recite
    20. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (to change direction):
    • (to return):

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Note: zyun6 - hair whorl.
    Note:
    • choàn - literary;
    • tńg/túiⁿ - vernacular.
    Note:
    • zuêng2 - Chaozhou;
    • zuang2 - Shantou.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (9)
    Final () (80)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈˠiuᴇnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈʷᵚiɛnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶiuænH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈwianH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶjuɛnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶĭwɛnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶi̯wɛnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhuàn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 17675
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tons/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (intransitive) to revolve; to rotate; to turn
    2. revolution; rotation; turn
    3. (Cantonese, dialectal Hakka, dialectal Min, dialectal Wu) hair whorl
    4. number of times; time
    5. to wind around; to go around; bypass
    6. to lose (way); to get lost
    7. (colloquial) to stroll; to saunter; to amble; to wander
    8. Alternative form of (zhuàn, “to chirp; to warble; to chirrup”).
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Mandarin, colloquial) Alternative form of (“to act pretentiously; to show off”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 4[edit]


    Note: ruêng2 - Chaozhou.

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Min) to twist with force or with a tool

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. (to) shift
    2. (to) move
    3. (to) turn

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʈˠiuᴇnX, ʈˠiuᴇnH). Recorded as Middle Korean 뎐〯 (Yale: tyen) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 구를 (gureul jeon))

    1. Hanja form? of ((to) turn; (to) move).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (chuyển, chuyên, chuyền, chuyến)

    1. (to) shift
    2. (to) move
    3. (to) turn

    References[edit]