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U+8F49, 轉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8F49

[U+8F48]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8F4A]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 159 +11, 18 strokes, cangjie input 十十十戈戈 (JJJII), four-corner 55043, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1248, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38507
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1726, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3552, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8F49

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːn, *tjonʔ
*doːn
*doːn, *doːn, *donʔ
篿 *doːn, *tjon
*doːn
*doːn, *tjonʔ, *tjons
*doːn, *tjon, *djonʔ
*doːn
*doːn, *tjon
*tonʔ, *tons
*tons, *don, *dons
*tons
*donʔ, *dons
*tjon
*tjon
*tjon
*tjon
*tjon
*tjon, *tjonʔ, *djonʔ
*tjon, *tjonʔ
*djun

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tonʔ, *tons): semantic (carriage) + phonetic (OC *tjon) – to transport in a cart.

Etymology[edit]

Possibly related to:

An allofam is perhaps *don (“round”). Compare Vietnamese tròn(round; circle; entire; whole), trọn(fully; completely; all), as well as the following Chinese words:

  • (OC *doːn, “ball; circle; lump”),
  • (OC *doːn, *doːn, *donʔ, “to roll up into a ball”).

Derivative: (OC *tons, *don, *dons, “to relay; to pass on; to transfer; relay station; biography; record”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • tńg, túiⁿ - vernacular (“to return”);
  • choán - literary.
Note:
  • deng2 - vernacular (“to return”);
  • zuêng2/zuang2 - literary (zuêng2 - Chaozhou).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (9)
Final () (80)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈˠiuᴇnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʷᵚiɛnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈwianX/
Li
Rong
/ȶjuɛnX/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭwɛnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯wɛnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhuǎn zhuǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjwenX › ‹ trjwenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə-tronʔ/ /*tronʔ/
English turn around, transfer 輾轉 toss and turn ((Ode 1.2, 145.3)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17674
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tonʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (transitive) to turn; to revolve
  2. to wind; to entwine
  3. winding; circuitous
  4. to change; to shift; to alter
  5. to change direction; to turn
  6. (dialectal Cantonese, Hakka, Min, Wu) to return; to come or go back
  7. (Wu) to think; to contemplate; to turn over in one's mind
  8. (Min Nan) to mediate; to reconcile
  9. (dialectal Mandarin) Classifier for times or round trips.
  10. to change position; to move
  11. to wave; to flutter
  12. to divert; to transfer
  13. to evade; to avoid
  14. to be transferred to another post
  15. to sell; to transfer the ownership
  16. to transport; to relay; to carry in a cart
  17. to discard; to abandon
  18. to leave; to depart
  19. to chant; to utter (spell); to recite
  20. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (to return):
Dialectal synonyms of (“to return; to come or go back to”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Chaozhou
Shantou

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • choàn - literary;
  • tńg/túiⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (9)
Final () (80)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈˠiuᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʷᵚiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈwianH/
Li
Rong
/ȶjuɛnH/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭwɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯wɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17675
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tons/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (intransitive) to revolve; to rotate; to turn
  2. revolution; rotation; turn
  3. (Cantonese, dialectal Hakka, dialectal Min, dialectal Wu) hair whorl
  4. number of times; time
  5. to wind around; to go around; bypass
  6. to lose (way); to get lost
  7. (colloquial) to stroll; to saunter; to amble; to wander
  8. Alternative form of (zhuàn, “to chirp; to warble; to chirrup”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Mandarin, colloquial) Alternative form of (“to act pretentiously; to show off”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 4[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms Min Dong
Hokkien

Note: ruêng2 - Chaozhou.

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min) to twist with force or with a tool

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jeon, McCune-Reischauer: chŏn, Yale: cen)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chuyển, chuyên, chuyền, chuyến)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.