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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tonʔ, *tons): semantic  ‎(carriage) + phonetic  ‎(OC *tjon)

Han character[edit]

(radical 159 +11, 18 strokes, cangjie input 十十十戈戈 (JJJII), four-corner 55043, composition)

  1. shift, move, turn

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1248, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38507
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1726, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3552, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8F49

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (9) (9)
Final () (80) (80)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈˠiuᴇnX/ /ʈˠiuᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʷᵚiɛnX/ /ʈʷᵚiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuænX/ /ȶiuænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈwianX/ /ʈwianH/
Li
Rong
/ȶjuɛnX/ /ȶjuɛnH/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭwɛnX/ /ȶĭwɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯wɛnX/ /ȶi̯wɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuǎn zhuàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhuǎn zhuǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjwenX › ‹ trjwenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə-tronʔ/ /*tronʔ/
English turn around, transfer 輾轉 toss and turn ((Ode 1.2, 145.3)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17674 17675
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tonʔ/ /*tons/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to turn; to revolve
  2. (Min) to return; to come or go back
    /   ―    ―  to come back; to return
    /   ―    ―  to go back; to return
  3. (Teochew) to twist with force

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jeon, McCune-Reischauer: chŏn, Yale: cen)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chuyển, chuyên, chuyền, chuyến)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.