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See also:
U+8161, 腡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8161

[U+8160]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8162]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月月月口 (BBBR), four-corner 77227, composition)

  1. lines

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 988, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29671
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1440, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2088, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8161

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
l'oːl
ɡ·roːl, *kʷroːl
kloːl, *kloːls
kloːl, *qloːl
kloːl
kloːl, *ɡloːls
kloːl
koːl, *kroːl, *kʷroːl
kloːl
kloːl, *qloːl
kloːlʔ, *kloːls
kʰloːl
kʰloːl, *kr'oːl
ɡloːlʔ
qloːl
qloːl
kr'oːl
kr'oːl
kroːl, *kʷroːl
kroːl, *kʷroːl
kroːl, *kʷroːl
kroːlʔ
kroːlʔ
qʰroːls, *qʰʷroːls
kʷroːl
kʰʷroːl
kʰʷroːl

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·roːl, *kʷroːl): semantic  (body) + phonetic  (OC *kʰʷroːl).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lô/lô͘ - literary;
  • lêr/lê - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (37)
Final () (32) (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠuɛ/ /luɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚæ/ /luɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuæi/ /luɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨj/ /lwa/
Li
Rong
/kuɛ/ /luɑ/
Wang
Li
/kwai/ /luɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwai/ /luɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guā luó
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luó
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwa ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.rˤoj/ (swa 螺 < lwa < *k.rˤoj ‘spiral’)
English fingerprint [not in GSR]

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4361 4393
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
𩼊
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·roːl/ /*kʷroːl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]