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See also:
U+6B4C, 歌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B4C

[U+6B4B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B4D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
14 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 76 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一口弓人 (MRNO) or X一口弓人 (XMRNO), four-corner 17682, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 571, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16167
  • Dae Jaweon: page 959, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2147, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6B4C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
歌-seal.svg 歌-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raːlʔ
*kaːl
*kaːl, *ɡaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːlʔ
*kaːlʔ
*kaːlʔ, *kaːnʔ
*kʰaːl, *kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
*kʰaːl
*kʰaːlʔ
*kʰaːlʔ
*kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
*kʰaːls, *ɡaːl
*qʰaːl, *qʰaːls
*qʰaːl
*qʰaːl
*qʰaːls, *ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
*ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːls
*qaːl
*qaːl, *qaːlʔ
*qaːl, *kʰraːls
*qaːl
娿 *qaːl, *qaːlʔ
*qaːl
*kʰraːlʔ
*qʰraːlʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːl): phonetic  (OC *kaːl) + semantic  (blow).

Alternative explanation: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (sound of singing) +  (sound of singing) +  (open mouth).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • koa - vernacular;
  • ko/ko͘ - literary.
Note:
  • gua1 - vernacular;
  • go1 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kɤ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kɤ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /kɤ²¹/
    Jinan /kə²¹³/
    Qingdao /kə²¹³/
    /kuə²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /kɤ²⁴/
    Xi'an /kɤ²¹/
    Xining /kɔ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kə⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /kə³¹/
    Ürümqi /kɤ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kuo⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /ko⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /ko⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ko⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ko³¹/
    Hefei /kʊ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /kɤ¹¹/
    Pingyao /kɔ¹³/
    Hohhot /kɤ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ku⁵³/
    Suzhou /kəu⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ko³³/
    Wenzhou /ku³³/
    Hui Shexian /ko³¹/
    Tunxi /ko¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ko³³/
    Xiangtan /ko³³/
    Gan Nanchang /ko⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /ko⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /ko²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔ⁵³/
    Nanning /kɔ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kɔ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ko⁵⁵/
    /kua⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ko⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ko³³/
    /kua³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ko²³/
    /kua²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (94)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ka/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑ/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ka ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˤaj/
    English sing, song

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7438
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kaːl/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to sing; to chant
    2. song; tune (Classifier: ;  c)
        ―    ―  song
    3. to praise

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    うた
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana うた, rōmaji uta)

    1. a song
       (こおり) (ほのお) (うた)
      Kōri to Honō no Uta
      A Song of Ice and Fire
    2. poetry

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 노래 (norae ga))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ca, , cao)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.