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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
歌-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(blow).

Note that the components on the left are , with two separate strokes (horizontal and vertical: 一 + 丨) on the upper right, rather than single turning stroke (折, zhé), as in . In fact, 口 is drawn between the 一 stroke and the 丨 stroke.

Han character[edit]

(radical 76 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一口弓人 (MRNO) or X一口弓人 (XMRNO), four-corner 17682, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 571, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16167
  • Dae Jaweon: page 959, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2147, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6B4C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kɤ⁵⁵/
Harbin /kɤ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kɤ²¹/
Jinan /kə²¹³/
Qingdao /kə²¹³/
/kuə²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kɤ²⁴/
Xi'an /kɤ²¹/
Xining /kɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kə⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kə³¹/
Ürümqi /kɤ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kuo⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ko⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ko⁵⁵/
Kunming /ko⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ko³¹/
Hefei /kʊ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kɤ¹¹/
Pingyao /kɔ¹³/
Hohhot /kɤ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ku⁵³/
Suzhou /kəu⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ko³³/
Wenzhou /ku³³/
Hui Shexian /ko³¹/
Tunxi /ko¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ko³³/
Xiangtan /ko³³/
Gan Nanchang /ko⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ko⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ko²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔ⁵³/
Nanning /kɔ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kɔ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ko⁵⁵/
/kua⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ko⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ko³³/
/kua³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ko²³/
/kua²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑ/ /kɑ/ /kɑ/ /kɑ/ /ka/ /kɑ/ /kɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ka › /*[k]ˤaj/ sing, song

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7438 1 /*kaːl/

Noun[edit]

(classifiers (shǒu), (zhī))

  1. song, tune

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. to sing, chant
  2. to praise

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Kanji in this term
うた
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana うた, romaji uta)

  1. song
  2. poetry

Pronunciation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ga) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ka, Yale ka)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ca, , cao)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.