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See also: and
U+807D, 聽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-807D

[U+807C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+807E]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 128, +16, 22 strokes, cangjie input 尸土十田心 (SGJWP), four-corner 14131, composition ⿰⿹𡈼𢛳)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • 耳王十四一心 is a phrase used to remember this character, based on the order of the strokes.

Further reading[edit]

  • KangXi: page 970, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29211
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1422, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2799, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+807D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Small seal script
聽-bronze-shang.svg 聽-oracle.svg 聽-bronze.svg 聽-bronze-warring.svg 聽-slip.svg 聽-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰeːŋ, *l̥ʰeːŋs): phonetic 𡈼 (OC *l̥ʰeːŋʔ) + semantic (ear) + semantic .

Etymology[edit]

to listen > to believe > to obey > to allow

This is traditionally considered to have the same origin as (OC *hljeŋs, “to hear; wise; sage”) and (OC *qʰjeŋ, “sound”). Additionally, it may be also related to (OC *reːŋ, “to hear; to listen”) (Wang, 1982).

Outside connections unclear, although note Proto-Hlai *hliːŋ (to hear (it said)) from Pre-Hlai *(h)leːŋ (Norquest, 2007).

Derivatives:

  • (OC *l̥ʰeːŋ, “hall, i.e. where hearings take place”)
  • (OC *l'eːŋ, *l'eːŋʔ, “palace courtyard”).
(Cantonese) tomorrow
See 聽日听日.
can; tin
From English tin.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • teng1 - vernacular;
  • ting1 - literary.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • thiaⁿ - vernacular;
    • thèng/theng - literary.
    Note:
    • tian1 - vernacular;
    • têng3 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 聽 (好)
    Mandarin Beijing /tʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /tʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /tʰiŋ²¹/
    Jinan /tʰiŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /tʰiŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /tʰiŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /tʰiŋ²¹/
    Xining /tʰiə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /tʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /tʰĩn³¹/
    Ürümqi /tʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /tʰin⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /tʰin⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /tʰin⁵⁵/
    Kunming /tʰĩ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /tʰin³¹/
    Hefei /tʰin²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /tʰiəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /tʰi¹³/
    /tʰiŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /tʰĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /tʰiŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /tʰin⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /tʰin³³/
    Wenzhou /tʰeŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /tʰiʌ̃³²⁴/
    Tunxi /tʰɛ⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /tʰin⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /tʰin⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰiɑŋ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰaŋ⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /tʰɑŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰɛŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /tʰeŋ³³/
    Hong Kong /tʰɛŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    /tʰiã⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰiaŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰeiŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰiã³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hia²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (125)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰeŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰeŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰɛŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰɛjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰeŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰieŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰieŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tīng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tīng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ theng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ˁeŋ/
    English listen

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 11392
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ʰeːŋ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to listen; to hear; to listen to (radio, etc.)
      仔細 / 仔细  ―  Qǐng zǐxì tīng.  ―  Please listen carefully.
      / [Hokkien]  ―  thiaⁿ ū bô? [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  Can you understand what you heard or not?
    2. to obey; to heed
      /   ―  tīnghuà  ―  obedient; to obey
    3. to allow; to let
    4. (Wenzhou Wu) to smell
    5. (Cantonese) to pick up the phone
    6. can; tin
      Synonym: 聽子听子 (tīngzi)
      /   ―  tīngzhuāng  ―  canned (drink, food etc.)
    7. Classifier for canned drinks.
    8. (Cantonese) tomorrow
      /   ―  tīngwǎn  ―  Tomorrow evening
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (to hear):
    • (to smell):
    • (to pick up the phone): (jiē)

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Note: literary reading.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (125)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰeŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰeŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰɛŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰɛjŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰeŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰieŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰieŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tìng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tìng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thengH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ˁeŋ-s/
    English listen to; obey

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 11394
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ʰeːŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to handle (matters of state); to administer
      /   ―  tīngzhèng  ―  to handle matters of state
    2. to adjudicate
      /   ―  tīng  ―  to hear lawsuits
    3. to allow

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (mahjong) to need (one or more particular tiles) to complete a hand to win

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (Cantonese) (giu3)

    Compounds[edit]

    Further reading[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. to listen; to hear
    2. to allow

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 들을 (deureul cheong))

    1. Hanja form? of (to listen).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thính, xính)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.