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U+807D, 聽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-807D

[U+807C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+807E]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 128 +16, 22 strokes, cangjie input 尸土十田心 (SGJWP), four-corner 14131, composition ⿹⿰𡈼𢛳)

Usage notes[edit]

  • 耳王十四一心 is a phrase used to remember this character, based on the order of the strokes.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 970, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29211
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1422, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2799, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+807D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰeŋ
*l̥ʰeŋ
*hljeŋs
*l̥ʰeːŋ, *l̥ʰeːŋs
*l̥ʰeːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰeːŋ, *l̥ʰeːŋs): phonetic 𡈼(OC *l̥ʰeːŋʔ) + semantic (ear) + semantic  (𦗟).

Etymology[edit]

This is traditionally considered to have the same origin as (OC *hljeŋs, “to hear; wise; sage”) and (OC *qʰjeŋ, “sound”). Additionally, it may be also related to (OC *reːŋ, “to hear; to listen”) (Wang, 1982).

Outside connections unclear, although note Proto-Hlai *hliːŋ (“to hear (it said)”) < Pre-Hlai *(h)leːŋ (Norquest, 2007).

Derivatives:

  • (OC *l̥ʰeːŋ, “hall, i.e. where hearings take place”)
  • (OC *l'eːŋ, *l'eːŋʔ, “palace courtyard”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • thèng/theng - literary;
  • thiaⁿ - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 聽 (好)
Mandarin Beijing /tʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /tʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tʰiŋ²¹/
Jinan /tʰiŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /tʰiŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tʰiŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /tʰiŋ²¹/
Xining /tʰiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tʰĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /tʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tʰin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /tʰin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /tʰin⁵⁵/
Kunming /tʰĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /tʰin³¹/
Hefei /tʰin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /tʰi¹³/
/tʰiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /tʰiŋ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /tʰiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /tʰin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /tʰin³³/
Wenzhou /tʰeŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /tʰiʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /tʰɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /tʰin⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /tʰin⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /tʰiɑŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /tʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʰɑŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰɛŋ⁵³/
Nanning /tʰeŋ³³/
Hong Kong /tʰɛŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/tʰiã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰiaŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰeiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰiã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hia²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (6)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰeŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰeŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɛŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɛjŋ/
Li
Rong
/tʰeŋ/
Wang
Li
/tʰieŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰieŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ theng ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˤeŋ/
English listen

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 11392
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰeːŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to listen; to hear; to listen to (radio etc.)
    仔細 / 仔细  ―  Qǐng zǐxì tīng.  ―  Please listen carefully
  2. to obey; to heed
    /   ―  tīnghuà  ―  obedient; to obey
  3. to allow; to let
  4. (Wenzhou Wu) to smell
  5. (Cantonese) to pick up the phone
  6. (loanword, from English tin) Classifier for canned drinks.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (to smell):
Dialectal synonyms of (“to smell”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong (Huizhou)
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
  • (to pick up the phone): (jiē)

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note: literary reading.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (6)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰeŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰeŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɛŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɛjŋH/
Li
Rong
/tʰeŋH/
Wang
Li
/tʰieŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰieŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ thengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˤeŋ-s/
English listen to; obey

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 11394
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰeːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to handle (matters of state); to administer
    /   ―  tìngzhèng  ―  to handle matters of state

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. to listen; to hear
  2. to allow

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Superseded in modern Japanese by the shinjitai character .


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cheong) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏng, Yale cheng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thính, xính)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.