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U+6C40, 汀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C40
氿
[U+6C3F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C41]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 水一弓 (EMN), four-corner 31120, composition)

  1. sandbar
  2. beach
  3. bank
  4. shore

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 604, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17103
  • Dae Jaweon: page 997, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1548, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6C40

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
汀-seal.svg 汀-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰeːnʔ, *tʰeːŋʔ
*tʰeːnʔ, *tʰeːŋ, *tʰeːŋʔ, *deːŋʔ
*rteŋʔ, *teːŋʔ
*rteŋʔ, *rdeŋ
*rteːŋ, *rdeːŋ
*rteːŋ, *teːŋ
*rteːŋ, *teːŋ
*rdeːŋ, *tʰeŋ, *teːŋ
*rdeːŋ
*teːŋ, *teːŋs
*teːŋ, *teːŋʔ
*teːŋ
*teːŋ
*teːŋ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ, *deːŋ
*teːŋs
*teːŋs, *tʰeːŋ, *deːŋʔ
*teːŋs
*tʰeːŋ, *tʰeːŋs
*tʰeːŋ, *tʰeːŋʔ
*tʰeːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰeːŋ, *tʰeːŋs): semantic  (river) + phonetic  (OC *rteːŋ, *teːŋ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (6)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰeŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰeŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɛŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɛjŋ/
Li
Rong
/tʰeŋ/
Wang
Li
/tʰieŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰieŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tīng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ theng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰˁeŋ/
English level land beside water

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 2397
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰeːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (6)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰeŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰeŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɛŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɛjŋH/
Li
Rong
/tʰeŋH/
Wang
Li
/tʰieŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰieŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tìng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 2405
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰeːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 汀瀅.

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 汀濘.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. beach, shore, water's edge

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (mi, water) +‎ (kiwa, edge, brink, small thing). The final ki voices to gi due to rendaku (連濁).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana なぎさ, rōmaji nagisa)

  1. water's edge, shore

(hiragana みぎわ, rōmaji migiwa)

  1. water's edge, shore

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune–Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đênh, đinh, thinh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.