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See also:
U+91D8, 釘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-91D8

[U+91D7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+91D9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +2, 10 strokes, cangjie input 金一弓 (CMN), four-corner 81120, composition)

  1. nail, spike
  2. pursue closely

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1296, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40159
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1799, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4169, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+91D8

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
釘-bigseal.svg 釘-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰeːnʔ, *tʰeːŋʔ
*tʰeːnʔ, *tʰeːŋ, *tʰeːŋʔ, *deːŋʔ
*rteŋʔ, *teːŋʔ
*rteŋʔ, *rdeŋ
*rteːŋ, *rdeːŋ
*rteːŋ, *teːŋ
*rteːŋ, *teːŋ
*rdeːŋ, *tʰeŋ, *teːŋ
*rdeːŋ
*teːŋ, *teːŋs
*teːŋ, *teːŋʔ
*teːŋ
*teːŋ
*teːŋ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ, *deːŋ
*teːŋs
*teːŋs, *tʰeːŋ, *deːŋʔ
*teːŋs
*tʰeːŋ, *tʰeːŋs
*tʰeːŋ, *tʰeːŋʔ
*tʰeːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ

As the character (OC *rteːŋ, *teːŋ) had lost its original meaning of "nail", the character was created to represent the original meaning, with the semantic element (metal) added.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (5) (5)
Final () (125) (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/teŋ/ /teŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/teŋ/ /teŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛŋ/ /tɛŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛjŋ/ /tɛjŋH/
Li
Rong
/teŋ/ /teŋH/
Wang
Li
/tieŋ/ /tieŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tieŋ/ /tieŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dīng dìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dīng dìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ teng › ‹ tengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤeŋ/ /*tˤeŋ-s/
English nail (n.) nail (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 2379 2393
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*teːŋ/ /*teːŋs/

Noun[edit]

  1. nail (spike-shaped fastener)

Compounds[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. (Cantonese slang) to die

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (5) (5)
Final () (125) (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/teŋ/ /teŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/teŋ/ /teŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛŋ/ /tɛŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛjŋ/ /tɛjŋH/
Li
Rong
/teŋ/ /teŋH/
Wang
Li
/tieŋ/ /tieŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tieŋ/ /tieŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dīng dìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dīng dìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ teng › ‹ tengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤeŋ/ /*tˤeŋ-s/
English nail (n.) nail (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 2379 2393
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*teːŋ/ /*teːŋs/

Verb[edit]

  1. to nail
  2. to sew on

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
くぎ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くぎ, rōmaji kugi)

  1. a nail; a spike made of metal or hard material used to stick something
     (くぎ) ()
    kugi o utsu
    to drive in a nail

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đinh, đanh, đính, đĩnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.