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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
釘-bigseal.svg 釘-seal.svg

As the character had lost its original meaning of nail, the character 釘 was created to represent the original meaning, with the semantic element (metal) added.

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +2, 10 strokes, cangjie input 金一弓 (CMN), four-corner 81120, composition)

  1. nail, spike
  2. pursue closely

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1296, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40159
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1799, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4169, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+91D8

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (釘), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 當經切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/teŋ/ /tieŋ/ /teŋ/ /teŋ/ /tɛjŋ/ /tieŋ/ /tɛŋ/
Character (釘), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 丁定切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/teŋH/ /tieŋH/ /teŋH/ /teŋH/ /tɛjŋH/ /tieŋH/ /tɛŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dīng ‹ teng › /*tˤeŋ/ nail (n.)
dìng ‹ tengH › /*tˤeŋ-s/ nail (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2379 0 /*teːŋ/
2393 0 /*teːŋs/

Noun[edit]

  1. nail (spike-shaped fastener)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くぎ, romaji kugi)

  1. a nail; a spike made of metal or hard material used to stick something

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đinh, đanh, đính, đĩnh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.