Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+91D8, 釘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-91D8

[U+91D7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+91D9]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
釘-bigseal.svg 釘-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰeːnʔ, *tʰeːŋʔ
*tʰeːnʔ, *tʰeːŋ, *tʰeːŋʔ, *deːŋʔ
*rteŋʔ, *teːŋʔ
*rteŋʔ, *rdeŋ
*rteːŋ, *rdeːŋ
*rteːŋ, *teːŋ
*rteːŋ, *teːŋ
*rdeːŋ, *tʰeŋ, *teːŋ
*rdeːŋ
*teːŋ, *teːŋs
*teːŋ, *teːŋʔ
*teːŋ
*teːŋ
*teːŋ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ
*teːŋʔ, *deːŋ
*teːŋs
*teːŋs, *tʰeːŋ, *deːŋʔ
*teːŋs
*tʰeːŋ, *tʰeːŋs
*tʰeːŋ, *tʰeːŋʔ
*tʰeːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ
*deːŋ

As the character had lost its original meaning of nail, the character 釘 was created to represent the original meaning, with the semantic element (metal) added.

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +2, 10 strokes, cangjie input 金一弓 (CMN), four-corner 81120, composition)

  1. nail, spike
  2. pursue closely

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1296, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40159
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1799, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4169, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+91D8

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (5) (5)
Final () (125) (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/teŋ/ /teŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/teŋ/ /teŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛŋ/ /tɛŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛjŋ/ /tɛjŋH/
Li
Rong
/teŋ/ /teŋH/
Wang
Li
/tieŋ/ /tieŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tieŋ/ /tieŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dīng dìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dīng dìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ teng › ‹ tengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤeŋ/ /*tˤeŋ-s/
English nail (n.) nail (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 2379 2393
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*teːŋ/ /*teːŋs/

Noun[edit]

  1. nail (spike-shaped fastener)

Compounds[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. (Cantonese slang) to die

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くぎ, romaji kugi)

  1. a nail; a spike made of metal or hard material used to stick something

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đinh, đanh, đính, đĩnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.