Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Regular Style CJKV Radical 186 (0).svg
U+9999, 香
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9999

[U+9998]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+999A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
香-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 186 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹木日 (HDA), four-corner 20609, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #186, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1428, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44518
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1955, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4423, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9999

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
香-oracle.svg 香-bronze.svg 香-seal.svg 香-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰaŋ
*qʰaŋs

In the oracle bone script, it was ideogrammic compound (會意):  (glutinous millet) +  (mouth).

In the seal script, the was replaced with the related (“sweet”).

Currently, the has simplified into , and the form of the bottom component has become akin to the unrelated or .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hiuⁿ/hioⁿ - vernacular;
  • hiong/hiang - literary (hiang - limited in mainstream Taiwanese, e.g. 香油, 五香).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ɕiaŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕiɑŋ²¹/
    Jinan /ɕiaŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /ɕiaŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ɕiaŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /ɕiaŋ²¹/
    Xining /ɕiɔ̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕiɑŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ɕiɑ̃³¹/
    Ürümqi /ɕiɑŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ɕiã̠/
    Nanjing /ɕiaŋ³¹/
    Hefei /ɕiɑ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕiɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /ɕiɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕiɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕiã⁵³/
    Suzhou /ɕiã⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ɕiɑŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /ɕi³³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕia³¹/
    Tunxi /ɕiau¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕian³³/
    Xiangtan /sian³³/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiɔŋ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /hioŋ⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /hioŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hœŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /hœŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /hœŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔŋ⁵⁵/
    /hiũ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hyoŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiɔŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hiaŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hiaŋ²³/
    /hio²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xiɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /xiaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /xĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xi̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiāng
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiāng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xjang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰaŋ/
    English fragrance

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13591
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰaŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. fragrant; fragrance
      Antonyms: (chòu)
    2. (of food) aromatic; delicious-smelling
    3. (of eating) enjoyable; (of sleep) sound
    4. popular
    5. perfume
    6. (religion) joss stick; incense (Classifier: m; )
    7. (figuratively) woman
    8. to kiss
    9. (Cantonese, euphemistic) to die

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of (“fragrant”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji ka)

    1. a pleasant smell; a scent, a fragrance, an aroma

    See also[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    きょう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (xjang).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana きょう, rōmaji kyō, historical hiragana きやう)

    1. Clipping of 香車.

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    こう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (xjang). Compare Vietnamese hương (fragrance; incense).

    Wikipedia-logo.png
      on Japanese Wikipedia

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana こう, rōmaji , historical hiragana かう)

    1. incense
      Synonyms: 御香 (okō)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (hyang) (hangeul , revised hyang, McCune-Reischauer hyang, Yale hyang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (hương, nhang, hồng)

    1. incense
    2. fragrance
    3. odour