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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9999
Code point U+9999
Entity number 香
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9998] [U+999A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
香-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 186 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹木日 (HDA), four-corner 20609, composition)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1428, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44518
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1955, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4423, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9999

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
香-oracle.svg 香-bigseal.svg 香-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事) - grain () over a mouth (originally ). The large and small seal script forms are more specific about what kind of grain, and uses (glutinous millet) instead of . Bottom is unrelated to , and is instead or .

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕiaŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /ɕiaŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕiaŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕiaŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiaŋ²¹/
Xining /ɕiɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕiɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕiã̠/
Nanjing /ɕiaŋ³¹/
Hefei /ɕiɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕiɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiã⁵³/
Suzhou /ɕiã⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /ɕi³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕia³¹/
Tunxi /ɕiau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕian³³/
Xiangtan /sian³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /hioŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /hioŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hœŋ⁵³/
Nanning /hœŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hœŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔŋ⁵⁵/
/hiũ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hyoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hiaŋ²³/
/hio²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/xiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/xĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjang ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaŋ/
English fragrance

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13591
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. fragrant; fragrance
  2. (of food) aromatic; delicious-smelling
  3. (of eating) enjoyable; (of sleep) sound
  4. popular
  5. perfume
  6. (religion) joss stick; incense   (Classifier: m; )
  7. (figuratively) woman
  8. (dialectal) to kiss

Synonyms[edit]

  • (fragrant, fragrance): (Min Nan) (phang)

Antonyms[edit]

  • (fragrant, fragrance): (chòu)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きょう, romaji kyō)

  1. fragrance
  2. (shogi) lance (abbreviation of 香車)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyang) (hangeul , revised hyang, McCune-Reischauer hyang, Yale hyang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hương, nhang, hồng)

  1. incense
  2. fragrance
  3. odour