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U+826F, 良
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-826F

[U+826E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8270]
U+F97C, 良
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F97C

[U+F97B]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F97D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 138 +1, 7 strokes, cangjie input 戈日女 (IAV), four-corner 30732, composition)

  1. good, virtuous, respectable

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1013, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30597
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1472, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3170, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+826F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *l(j)a(k/ŋ) (good, beautiful).

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu bamboo and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
良-oracle.svg 良-bronze.svg 良-silk.svg 良-seal.svg 良-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raːl, *raːlʔ
*raːŋ
*raːŋ
*raːŋ
*raːŋ
*raːŋ
*raːŋ, *raːŋs
*raːŋ, *raŋ
*raːŋ
*raːŋ
*raːŋ
*raːŋ, *raŋ, *raŋs
*raːŋ, *raːŋs
*raːŋ
*raːŋ
*raːŋ
*raːŋ
*raːŋ, *raːŋs
*raːŋ, *raŋs
*raːŋ
*raːŋ
*raːŋ, *raːŋʔ
*raːŋ
*raːŋ
*raːŋʔ
*raːŋʔ
*raːŋʔ
*raːŋʔ
*raːŋʔ
*raːŋs
*raːŋs
*naŋ
*raŋ
*raŋ
*raŋs

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • liông/liâng - literary;
  • niû - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/liɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/liaŋ/
Wang
Li
/lĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liáng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljang ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]aŋ/
English good

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8046
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. good

Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 方良, alternative form of 魍魎魍魉 (wǎngliǎng).

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. good

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 良い (yoi, ii): good, beneficial
  • 良さ (yosa): merit, virtue
  • 良く (yoku): well, much
  • 良好 (ryōkō): good, fine
  • 良質 (ryōshitsu): good quality
  • 良否 (ryōhi): quality
  • 良心 (ryōshin): conscience
  • 良識 (ryōshiki): good sense

Noun[edit]

(hiragana りょう, rōmaji ryō, historical hiragana りやう)

  1. (school mark) good, B
    数学 (すうがく)成績 (せいせき) (りょう)だった
    sūgaku no seiseki wa ryō datta
    I got a B in math

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana りょう, rōmaji Ryō, historical hiragana りやう)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ryang>yang)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): > (revised: ryang>yang, McCune-Reischauer: ryang>yang, Yale: lyang>yang)
    • Name (hangeul): 어질 (revised: eojil, McCune-Reischauer: ŏjil)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.