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U+908A, 邊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-908A

[U+9089]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+908B]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +15, 19 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹山尸 (YHUS), four-corner 36302, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1267, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39216
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1765, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3894, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+908A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Small seal script
邊-oracle.svg 邊-bronze.svg 邊-silk.svg 邊-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
men
men, *meːn
men
mpeːn
mpeːn

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • piⁿ - vernacular;
  • pian - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pian⁵⁵/
Harbin /pian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /pian²¹/
Jinan /piã²¹³/
Qingdao /piã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /pian²⁴/
Xi'an /piã²¹/
Xining /piã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /piɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /pian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /piɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /pian⁵⁵/
Guiyang /pian⁵⁵/
Kunming /piɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /pien³¹/
Hefei /piĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /pie¹¹/
Pingyao /pie̞¹³/
Hohhot /pie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /pi⁵³/
Suzhou /piɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /piẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /pi³³/
Hui Shexian /pe³¹/
Tunxi /piɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /piẽ³³/
Xiangtan /piẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang /piɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /pien⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /pien²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pin⁵³/
Nanning /pin⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pian⁵⁵/
/pĩ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pieŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /piŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /piaŋ³³/
/pĩ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbin²³/
/ʔbi²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pen/
Pan
Wuyun
/pen/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pɛn/
Li
Rong
/pen/
Wang
Li
/pien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
biān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
biān
Middle
Chinese
‹ pen ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤe[n]/
English side

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9056
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mpeːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. edge; border; side
  2. border; boundary
  3. (geometry) side
  4. Suffix for locality noun.
  5. (used before each verb of simultaneous actions) while

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese) where
  2. (Cantonese) which
  3. (Cantonese) how could one possibly
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 哪裡 (“where”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 何處何許何方
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 哪裡
Mandarin Beijing 哪兒哪兒合兒 colloquial哪合兒 colloquial
Taiwan 哪裡
Tianjin 哪兒哪兒合兒 colloquial哪合兒 colloquial
Harbin 哪兒哪疙兒哪疙瘩哪海兒哪塊兒哪場兒
Shenyang 哪兒哪塊兒
Hailar 哪兒
Ulan Hot 哪兒
Tongliao 哪兒
Chifeng 哪兒
Baochang 哪兒
Bayanhot 哪兒
Jinan 哪裡
Muping 哪兒哪裡哪場兒
Luoyang 哪兒
Jiedian 哪達哪那
Xi'an 哪搭兒哪搭
Xining 哪裡
Xuzhou 哪來哪下哪點兒
Yinchuan 哪點哪裡
Lanzhou 哪達哪達裡哪達兒
Ürümqi 哪達
Wuhan 哪裡啥裡哪歇哪塊哪塊歇啥塊啥塊些
Chengdu 哪兒啥子地方哪跟前哪點兒
Guiyang 哪點
Guilin 哪塏
Liuzhou 哪裡哪塏哪位子哪塊哪甿
Kunming 哪點兒
Yangzhou 哪塊
Nanjing 哪塊哪裡哪兒
Hefei 哪格子哪蒿子哪塊子哪塊
Nantong 哪對過哪腳下
Cantonese Guangzhou 邊度邊處
Hong Kong 邊度邊處
Shunde 邊度
Foshan 邊度
Zhongshan 邊呢
Dongguan 邊處鼠處
Hong Kong (Weitou) 選頭
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan 邊度
Yunfu 邊埞
Yangjiang 邊處邊處塗
Xinyi
Nanning 邊笪埞邊笪邊啲
Wuzhou 邊啲邊笪邊笪埞方
Kuala Lumpur 邊度
Gan Nanchang 哪裡
Lichuan 哪咑
Pingxiang 哪裡
Hakka Meixian 哪仔哪滴
Xingning 哪裡
Huidong 哪等
Qujiang 哪子
Xiaosanjiang 哪望
Changting 哪塊哪裡哪角
Pingyu 哪子
Liancheng 哪角哪滴
Ninghua 台角
Ruijin 哪營子
Shicheng 哪裡
Shangyou 哪當
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 哪位
Liudui (S. Sixian) 哪仔哪跡仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 哪位
Dongshi (Dabu) 哪位
Zhuolan (Raoping) 哪位
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 哪位
Hong Kong 哪裡哪埞
Sabah 哪向
Senai 哪位
Singkawang 阿位
Huizhou Jixi 哪塊哪個許塊
Jin Taiyuan 哪裡哪兒家
Xinzhou 哪兒
Jining 哪兒
Hohhot 哪兒
Baotou 哪兒
Dongsheng 哪兒
Linhe 哪兒
Haibowan 哪兒
Min Bei Jian'ou 呢裡
Min Dong Fuzhou 底所底塊 dated or rural
Fuqing 佗落途位
Matsu 底所
Min Nan Xiamen 佗落佗一位佗位佗一帶佗帶
Quanzhou 佗落佗一位底帶
Zhangzhou 佗落佗落仔佗一位
Taipei 佗位
Kaohsiung 佗位
Tainan 佗位
Taichung 佗位
Hsinchu 佗位
Lukang 佗落
Sanxia 佗位
Yilan 佗位佗位仔
Kinmen
Magong 佗位
Penang 佗落
Singapore 佗落
Philippines (Manila) 佗落
Pingnan 哪裡
Chaozhou 底塊
Shantou 底塊
Haifeng 底帶
Johor Bahru 底一塊
Haikou 乜帶底帶底幅帶乜地方
Leizhou 底處
Puxian Min Putian 佗落
Xianyou 底跡底落
Pinghua Nanning 哪啲哪甿
Guilin 哪裡
Wu Shanghai 阿裡啥地方阿裡搭啥場化 dated
Suzhou 啥場化
Hangzhou 哪裡
Wenzhou 狃宕狃柢若宕若柢
Chongming 哪墩
Danyang 哪裡
Jinhua 哪裡哪汏
Ningbo 阿裡
Xiang Changsha 哪裡何至啥塊子
Shuangfeng 哪裡
Xiangtan 哪當
Loudi 哪裡
Quanzhou 哪裡
Dialectal synonyms of (“which”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Yangjiang
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Chaozhou

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(byeon) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(biên, ben, bên, ven)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.