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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +15, 19 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹山尸 (YHUS), four-corner 36302, composition)

  1. edge, margin, side, border

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1267, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39216
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1765, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3894, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+908A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pian⁵⁵/
Harbin /pian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /pian²¹/
Jinan /piã²¹³/
Qingdao /piã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /pian²⁴/
Xi'an /piã²¹/
Xining /piã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /piɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /pian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /piɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /pian⁵⁵/
Guiyang /pian⁵⁵/
Kunming /piɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /pien³¹/
Hefei /piĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /pie¹¹/
Pingyao /pie̞¹³/
Hohhot /pie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /pi⁵³/
Suzhou /piɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /piẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /pi³³/
Hui Shexian /pe³¹/
Tunxi /piɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /piẽ³³/
Xiangtan /piẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang /piɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /pien⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /pien²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pin⁵³/
Nanning /pin⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pian⁵⁵/
/pĩ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pieŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /piŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /piaŋ³³/
/pĩ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbin²³/
/ʔbi²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pen/ /pien/ /pen/ /pen/ /pɛn/ /pien/ /pɛn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
biān ‹ pen › /*pˤe[n]/ side

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9056 2 /*mpeːn/

Noun[edit]

  1. edge; border; side
  2. border; boundary
  3. (geometry) side
  4. (Cantonese) where

Suffix[edit]

  1. suffix for locality noun

Adverb[edit]

  1. (used before each verb of simultaneous actions) while

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(byeon) (hangeul , revised byeon, McCune-Reischauer pyŏn, Yale pyen)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(biên, ben, bên, ven)

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