眼鏡

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Chinese[edit]

eye mirror
trad. (眼鏡)
simp. (眼镜)

Etymology[edit]

From (yǎn, “eye”) + (jìng, “lens”)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

眼鏡

  1. glasses

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (眼鏡):

Japanese[edit]

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眼鏡 (megane, gankyō): a pair of eyeglasses.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
がね
Grade: 4
Irregular

Probably originally a compound of ‎(me, eye) +‎ ‎(kane, metal, in reference to the metal used in eyeglass frames). The kane changes to gane due to rendaku (連濁). The spelling is ateji (当て字), based on an apparent borrowing from Chinese (see the gankyō reading below).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 ‎(hiragana めがね, romaji megane)

  1. glasses, eyeglasses
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
がん
Grade: 5
きょう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

/gankyau//gankyɔː//gankyoː/

Probably a borrowing from written Chinese 眼鏡. Eyeglasses are first mentioned in Chinese in the 1400s as 叆叇 ‎(aidai?), a transcription of an Arabic term. By the late Ming dynasty, eyeglasses appear in writing as 叆叇即眼鏡 (“aidai, i.e. eye-lenses”), using the compound term 眼鏡 ‎(literally eye + lens).

Compare modern Min Nan reading gán-kiàⁿ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 ‎(hiragana がんきょう, romaji gankyō, historical hiragana がんきやう)

  1. (military, possibly archaic) glasses, eyeglasses
Usage notes[edit]

This reading was mostly used by the military.[3] May be somewhat archaic now.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 ‎(an-gyeong) ‎(hangeul 안경)

  1. Hanja form? of 안경, “glasses, spectacles”.

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese 眼鏡 ‎(gankyō).

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 ‎(hiragana がんちょー, romaji ganchoo, hiragana みーかがん, romaji miikagan)

  1. glasses

Derived terms[edit]