眼鏡

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See also: 眼镜

Chinese[edit]

eye mirror; lens
trad. (眼鏡)
simp. (眼镜)

Etymology[edit]

Attested in the late Ming Dynasty:

靉靆眼鏡 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
叆叇眼镜 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
From: late Ming Dynasty, 張自烈, 正字通
Àidài jí yǎnjìng. [Pinyin]
靉靆 (àidài, “glasses”) is equal to 眼鏡 (yǎnjìng, “glasses”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

眼鏡

  1. glasses; eyeglasses; spectacles (Classifier: m c)
    眼鏡 / 眼镜  ―  dài yǎnjìng  ―  to wear glasses
    眼鏡 / 眼镜  ―  zhāi yǎnjìng  ―  to take off one's glasses
    眼鏡 / 眼镜 [Cantonese]  ―  ceoi4 ngaan5 geng3-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to take off one's glasses

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (眼鏡):

Japanese[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 眼鏡 on Japanese Wikipedia
眼鏡 (megane, gankyō): a pair of eyeglasses.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
かね > がね
Grade: 4
kun’yomi Irregular

Probably originally a compound of (me, eye) +‎ (kane, metal, in reference to the metal used in eyeglass frames). The kane changes to gane as an instance of rendaku (連濁). The spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), based on an apparent borrowing from Chinese (see the gankyō reading below).

Appears in texts from the late 1500s.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

眼鏡(めがね) (megane

  1. glasses, eyeglasses
Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
がん
Grade: 5
きょう
Grade: 4
kan’on goon

/ɡankjau//ɡankjɔː//ɡankjoː/

Probably a borrowing from written Chinese 眼鏡. Eyeglasses are first mentioned in Chinese in the 1400s as 靉靆 (aidai?), a transcription of an Arabic term. By the late Ming dynasty, eyeglasses appear in writing as 靉靆即眼鏡 (aidai, i.e. eye-lenses), using the compound term 眼鏡 (literally eye + lens). Compare modern Min Nan reading gán-kiàⁿ.

This reading appears in texts from the 1920s.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

眼鏡(がんきょう) (gankyō (historical kana がんきやう)

  1. (military, possibly archaic) glasses, eyeglasses
Usage notes[edit]

This reading was mostly used by the military.[1] The standalone term gankyō may be somewhat archaic now.

Note that there are compounds that end in 眼鏡 (gankyō) that appear to be derived from this term. However, Japanese sources parse these as deriving from other terms ending in (gan, eye) that are then suffixed with (kyō, lens).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 (an-gyeong) (hangeul 안경)

  1. Hanja form? of 안경 (glasses, spectacles).

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Japanese 眼鏡 (gankyō, eyeglasses), ultimately deriving from written Chinese 眼鏡. Eyeglasses are first mentioned in Chinese in the 1400s as 靉靆 (aidai?), a transcription of an Arabic term. By the late Ming dynasty, eyeglasses appear in writing as 靉靆即眼鏡 (aidai, i.e. eye-lenses), using the compound term 眼鏡 (literally eye + lens). Compare modern Min Nan reading gán-kiàⁿ.

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 (hiragana がんちょー, rōmaji ganchō)

  1. eyeglasses
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compound of (, eye, also spelled when used in isolation) +‎ (kagan, mirror; lens).

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 (hiragana みーかがん, rōmaji mīkagan)

  1. eyeglasses

References[edit]