眼鏡

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See also: 眼镜

Chinese[edit]

eye mirror; lens
trad. (眼鏡)
simp. (眼镜)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

眼鏡

  1. glasses; eyeglasses; spectacles (Classifier: m c)
    眼鏡 / 眼镜  ―  dài yǎnjìng  ―  to wear glasses
    眼鏡 / 眼镜  ―  zhāi yǎnjìng  ―  to take off one's glasses
    眼鏡 / 眼镜 [Cantonese]  ―  ceoi4 ngaan5 geng3 [Jyutping]  ―  to take off one's glasses

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 眼鏡 (“eyeglasses”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 靉靆眼鏡
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 眼鏡
Mandarin Beijing 眼鏡兒
Taiwan 眼鏡
Tianjin 眼鏡兒
Harbin 眼鏡兒鏡子
Jinan 眼鏡子鏡子
Muping 眼鏡
Luoyang 眼鏡兒二餅兒 derogatory
Jiedian 眼鏡鏡子 dated二柄子 derogatory
Xi'an 眼鏡
Xining 眼鏡兒眼鏡兒子
Xuzhou 二餅 humorous
Yinchuan 眼鏡
Lanzhou 眼鏡子鏡子二軲轆 humorous
Ürümqi 眼鏡子鏡子
Wuhan 眼鏡鏡子 dated玻璃 humorous
Chengdu 眼鏡兒眼鏡
Guiyang 眼鏡
Liuzhou 眼鏡
Yangzhou 眼鏡子
Nanjing 眼鏡二餅 humorous
Cantonese Guangzhou 眼鏡
Hong Kong 眼鏡
Dongguan 眼鏡二文錢 dated
Taishan 眼鏡
Gan Nanchang 眼鏡子
Lichuan 眼鏡
Pingxiang 眼鏡
Hakka Meixian 目鏡眼鏡
Yudu 眼鏡
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 目鏡眼枷仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 目鏡眼鏡眼架仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 目鏡
Dongshi (Dabu) 目鏡
Zhuolan (Raoping) 目鏡
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 目鏡
Huizhou Jixi 眼鏡
Jin Taiyuan 眼鏡
Xinzhou 眼鏡二餅子 derogatory
Min Dong Fuzhou 眼鏡
Fuqing 眼鏡
Matsu 眼鏡
Min Nan Xiamen 目鏡
Quanzhou 目鏡
Zhangzhou 目鏡
Taipei 目鏡
Kaohsiung 目鏡
Tainan 目鏡
Taichung 目鏡
Wuqi 目鏡
Hsinchu 目鏡
Taitung 目鏡
Lukang 目鏡
Yilan 目鏡
Magong 目鏡
Penang 目鏡
Singapore 目鏡
Philippines (Manila) 目鏡
Chaozhou 目鏡
Shantou 目鏡
Haikou 目鏡
Leizhou 目鏡
Pinghua Nanning 眼鏡眼加
Wu Shanghai 眼鏡托力克
Suzhou 眼鏡
Hangzhou 眼鏡兒
Wenzhou 眼鏡眼視鏡
Chongming 眼鏡
Danyang 眼鏡子
Jinhua 眼鏡
Ningbo 蔡眼
Xiang Loudi 眼鏡

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (眼鏡):

Japanese[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 眼鏡 on Japanese Wikipedia
眼鏡 (megane, gankyō): a pair of eyeglasses.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
かね > がね
Grade: 4
Irregular

Probably originally a compound of (me, eye) +‎ (kane, metal, in reference to the metal used in eyeglass frames). The kane changes to gane as an instance of rendaku (連濁). The spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), based on an apparent borrowing from Chinese (see the gankyō reading below).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 (hiragana めがね, rōmaji megane)

  1. glasses, eyeglasses
Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
がん
Grade: 5
きょう
Grade: 4
on’yomi

/ɡankjau//ɡankjɔː//ɡankjoː/

Probably a borrowing from written Chinese 眼鏡. Eyeglasses are first mentioned in Chinese in the 1400s as 靉靆 (aidai?), a transcription of an Arabic term. By the late Ming dynasty, eyeglasses appear in writing as 靉靆即眼鏡 (“aidai, i.e. eye-lenses”), using the compound term 眼鏡 (literally eye + lens).

Compare modern Min Nan reading gán-kiàⁿ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 (hiragana がんきょう, rōmaji gankyō, historical hiragana がんきやう)

  1. (military, possibly archaic) glasses, eyeglasses
Usage notes[edit]

This reading was mostly used by the military.[3] May be somewhat archaic now.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 (an-gyeong) (hangeul 안경)

  1. Hanja form? of 안경, “glasses, spectacles”.

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese 眼鏡 (gankyō, eyeglasses), ultimately deriving from written Chinese 眼鏡. Eyeglasses are first mentioned in Chinese in the 1400s as 靉靆 (aidai?), a transcription of an Arabic term. By the late Ming dynasty, eyeglasses appear in writing as 靉靆即眼鏡 (“aidai, i.e. eye-lenses”), using the compound term 眼鏡 (literally eye + lens).

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 (hiragana がんちょー, romaji ganchō)

  1. eyeglasses
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compound of (, eye, also spelled when used in isolation) +‎ (kagan, mirror; lens).

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 (hiragana みーかがん, romaji mīkagan)

  1. eyeglasses