眼鏡

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Chinese[edit]

eye mirror; lens
trad. (眼鏡)
simp. (眼镜)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

眼鏡

  1. glasses; eyeglasses; spectacles   (Classifier: )

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 眼鏡 ("eyeglasses")
Variety Location Words
Mandarin Beijing 眼鏡兒
Taiwan 眼鏡
Tianjin 眼鏡兒
Cantonese Guangzhou 眼鏡
Hong Kong 眼鏡
Taishan 眼鏡
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 目鏡
Liudui (S. Sixian) 目鏡眼鏡眼架仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 目鏡
Dongshi (Dabu) 目鏡
Taiwanese Raoping 目鏡
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 目鏡
Min Dong Fuzhou 眼鏡
Min Nan Quanzhou 目鏡
Xiamen 目鏡
Zhangzhou 目鏡
Taipei 目鏡
Kaohsiung 目鏡
Malaysia 目鏡
Chaozhou 目鏡
Shantou 目鏡

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (眼鏡):

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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Wikipedia
眼鏡 (megane, gankyō): a pair of eyeglasses.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
かね > がね
Grade: 4
Irregular

Probably originally a compound of ‎(me, eye) +‎ ‎(kane, metal, in reference to the metal used in eyeglass frames). The kane changes to gane as an instance of rendaku (連濁). The spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), based on an apparent borrowing from Chinese (see the gankyō reading below).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 ‎(hiragana めがね, romaji megane)

  1. glasses, eyeglasses
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
がん
Grade: 5
きょう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

/gankjau//gankjɔː//gankjoː/

Probably a borrowing from written Chinese 眼鏡. Eyeglasses are first mentioned in Chinese in the 1400s as 叆叇 ‎(aidai?), a transcription of an Arabic term. By the late Ming dynasty, eyeglasses appear in writing as 叆叇即眼鏡 (“aidai, i.e. eye-lenses”), using the compound term 眼鏡 ‎(literally eye + lens).

Compare modern Min Nan reading gán-kiàⁿ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 ‎(hiragana がんきょう, romaji gankyō, historical hiragana がんきやう)

  1. (military, possibly archaic) glasses, eyeglasses
Usage notes[edit]

This reading was mostly used by the military.[3] May be somewhat archaic now.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 ‎(an-gyeong) ‎(hangeul 안경)

  1. Hanja form? of 안경, “glasses, spectacles”.

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese 眼鏡 ‎(gankyō, eyeglasses), ultimately deriving from written Chinese 眼鏡. Eyeglasses are first mentioned in Chinese in the 1400s as 叆叇 ‎(aidai?), a transcription of an Arabic term. By the late Ming dynasty, eyeglasses appear in writing as 叆叇即眼鏡 (“aidai, i.e. eye-lenses”), using the compound term 眼鏡 ‎(literally eye + lens).

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 ‎(hiragana がんちょー, romaji ganchoo)

  1. eyeglasses
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compound of ‎(mii, eye, also spelled when used in isolation) +‎ ‎(kagan, mirror; lens).

Noun[edit]

眼鏡 ‎(hiragana みーかがん, romaji miikagan)

  1. eyeglasses