玻璃

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(玻璃)
alternative forms 玻玏 second round simplified
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Etymology[edit]

From Prakrit words for crystal or quartz; cf. Prakrit 𑀨𑀸𑀮𑀺𑀅 (phālia) (Ji, 1998v4); from Sanskrit स्फटिक (sphaṭika). Cognate with Pali phalika (crystal), Thai ผลึก (pà-lʉ̀k, crystal), Lao ຜະລຶກ (pha lưk), ຜະລິກະ (pha li ka), Khmer ផលិក (phɑlək), etc. The meaning has been shifted to refer to glass (the material).

The definition of "gay person" is derived from BL.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: bo1 lei4 - literary, rare.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (2) (37)
Final () (95) (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰuɑ/ /liᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰuɑ/ /liɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰuɑ/ /ljɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰwa/ /liə̆/
Li
Rong
/pʰuɑ/ /lie/
Wang
Li
/pʰuɑ/ /lǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰuɑ/ /lie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
po1 lei4

Noun[edit]

玻璃

  1. glass (Classifier: m;  m c)
    玻璃吹製 / 玻璃吹制  ―  bōli chuīzhì  ―  glassblowing
    小心玻璃  ―  Xiǎoxīn bōli.  ―  Caution — glass door.
    緊急擊破玻璃 / 紧急击破玻璃  ―  Jǐnjí shí jīpò bōli.  ―  Break glass in emergency.
  2. generic term for any film material with glass-like transparency, such as cellophane, nylon, plastic, etc. (Classifier: m;  m)
  3. (Wuhan, humorous) eyeglasses; spectacles
  4. (Sichuanese, humorous) plain boiled water
  5. (slang) gay person; male homosexual

Synonyms[edit]

  • (glass): 琉璃 (liúlí)
  • (eyeglasses):

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (玻璃):
  • Japanese: 玻璃(はり) (hari)
  • Korean: 파리 (玻璃, pari)
  • Vietnamese: pha li (玻璃)

Others:

References[edit]

  • Duffus, William (1883), “glass”, in English-Chinese Vocabulary of the Vernacular or Spoken Language of Swatow, Swatow: English Presbyterian Mission Press, page 123

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji

Grade: S
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()() (hari

  1. glass, crystal

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN